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Nutrition (All Articles)

Guidelines for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

26 Feb, 2021 | 08:15h | UTC

Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for irritable bowel syndrome 2020 – Journal of Gastroenterology

Related: ACG Clinical Guideline: Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome – The American Journal of Gastroenterology

 


Study: Unhealthy alcohol use common after bariatric surgery

26 Feb, 2021 | 08:14h | UTC

Association of Bariatric Surgical Procedures With Changes in Unhealthy Alcohol Use Among US Veterans – JAMA Network Open

Commentaries: Unhealthy Alcohol Use—A Common Iatrogenic Complication of Bariatric Surgery – JAMA Network Open AND Bariatric Surgery May Increase Risk of Unhealthy Alcohol Use – Psychiatric News Alert AND Bariatric Surgery Ups Risk of Alcohol Abuse – Physician’s Weekly

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort study: High glycemic index diets are linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death

25 Feb, 2021 | 08:49h | UTC

Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality – New England Journal of Medicine

Commentaries: Study finds diet high in poor quality carbohydrates increases heart disease and death – McMaster University AND High Glycemic Index Diets Linked to CVD and Mortality – TCTMD

 


M-A: Blood pressure effects of sodium reduction

23 Feb, 2021 | 01:28h | UTC

Blood Pressure Effects of Sodium Reduction: Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Experimental Studies – Circulation

Commentaries: The Lower the Sodium, the Better for BP: Updated Meta-analysis – TCTMD AND AHA News: Lower Your Sodium, and Blood Pressure Will Follow – HealthDay

 


Meta-analysis: Effect of food variety on intake of a meal

21 Feb, 2021 | 21:33h | UTC

Effect of food variety on intake of a meal: a systematic review and meta-analysis – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 


A food allergy epidemic… or just another case of overdiagnosis?

19 Feb, 2021 | 02:13h | UTC

A food allergy epidemic… or just another case of overdiagnosis? – The BMJ Opinion

Original study: Food anaphylaxis in the United Kingdom: analysis of national data, 1998-2018 – The BMJ

 


Dieting may slow metabolism – but it doesn’t ruin it

18 Feb, 2021 | 02:44h | UTC

Dieting may slow metabolism – but it doesn’t ruin it – The Conversation

 


M-A: Role of diet in colorectal cancer incidence

17 Feb, 2021 | 01:12h | UTC

Role of Diet in Colorectal Cancer Incidence: Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses of Prospective Observational Studies – JAMA Network Open

 


M-A: Efficacy of a low-FODMAP diet in adult irritable bowel syndrome

16 Feb, 2021 | 02:01h | UTC

Efficacy of a low-FODMAP diet in adult irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis – European Journal of Nutrition

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A: Intake of dietary fats and fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes

16 Feb, 2021 | 01:59h | UTC

Intake of dietary fats and fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective observational studies – PLOS Medicine

 


Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction mortality

12 Feb, 2021 | 01:51h | UTC

Short-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Mortality From Myocardial Infarction – Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Commentaries: Acute Exposure to Air Pollution Can Trigger MI-Related Death – TCTMD AND Does Short-Term Air-Pollution Exposure Increase MI Mortality? – American College of Cardiology

 


Randomized, cross-over trial: Compared to Mediterranean diet, a Low-fat vegan diet is better at improving body weight, lipid concentrations, and insulin sensitivity

11 Feb, 2021 | 01:56h | UTC

A Mediterranean Diet and Low-Fat Vegan Diet to Improve Body Weight and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Randomized, Cross-over Trial – Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Commentary: Vegan diet associated with more weight loss, better cholesterol control than Mediterranean diet – Cardiovascular Business

Commentary: Vegan diet associated with more weight loss, better cholesterol control than Mediterranean diet – Cardiovascular Business

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: The effect of daily protein supplementation, with or without resistance training for 1 year, on muscle size, strength, and function in healthy older adults

11 Feb, 2021 | 01:58h | UTC

The effect of daily protein supplementation, with or without resistance training for 1 year, on muscle size, strength, and function in healthy older adults: A randomized controlled trial – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


SR: Long‐term effects of weight‐reducing diets in people with hypertension

10 Feb, 2021 | 01:23h | UTC

Long‐term effects of weight‐reducing diets in people with hypertension – Cochrane Library

Summary: Do weight-loss diets affect blood pressure, and reduce the effects of high blood pressure (hypertension)? – Cochrane Library

 


Cohort study: Low risk of progression to diabetes among older adults with “prediabetes”

9 Feb, 2021 | 01:09h | UTC

Risk of Progression to Diabetes Among Older Adults With Prediabetes – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: “Prediabetes” Diagnosis Less Useful in Older Patients – Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health AND Prediabetes—A Risk Factor Twice Removed – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period) AND How many pre-diabetics go on to develop diabetes? – MedicalResearch.com

Author Interview: Risk of Progression to Diabetes Among Older Adults With Prediabetes

Related: The war on ‘prediabetes’ could be a boon for pharma—but is it good medicine? – Science

 


M-A: Effects of whole grain intake, compared with refined grain, on appetite and energy intake

9 Feb, 2021 | 00:50h | UTC

Effects of Whole Grain Intake, Compared with Refined Grain, on Appetite and Energy Intake: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Advances in Nutrition

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Enteral lipid supplement reduces the risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity

7 Feb, 2021 | 21:04h | UTC

Effect of Enteral Lipid Supplement on Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Pediatrics

Commentary: Halved risk for severe retinal disease in extremely premature infants – University of Gothenburg

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort study: Increased consumption of refined grains linked to higher risk of mortality and major cardiovascular disease events

5 Feb, 2021 | 01:30h | UTC

Associations of cereal grains intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality across 21 countries in Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology study: prospective cohort study – The BMJ

Commentaries: Refined carbs like white bread, pasta, and pastries could increase risk of early death, a study found – Insider AND High intake of refined grains linked to higher risk of heart disease and death – The BMJ

 


Review: Dysphagia in older adults

5 Feb, 2021 | 01:22h | UTC

Dysphagia in Older Adults – Mayo Clinic Proceedings

 


Intermittent fasting may be effective weight loss strategy in patients with type 2 diabetes

4 Feb, 2021 | 01:00h | UTC

Intermittent fasting may be effective weight loss strategy in patients with type 2 diabetes – ACP Diabetes

Original Study: Metabolic Impact of Intermittent Fasting in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Interventional Studies – The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Systematic review: Intermittent fasting for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

4 Feb, 2021 | 01:01h | UTC

Intermittent fasting for the prevention of cardiovascular disease – Cochrane Library

Summary: Does limiting the times you eat (intermittent fasting) prevent cardiovascular disease? – Cochrane Library

 


AAP urges continuing obesity management

2 Feb, 2021 | 01:03h | UTC

AAP urges continuing obesity management – Contemporary Pediatrics

Original Guideline: Obesity Management and Treatment During COVID-19 – American Academy of Pediatrics

 


Vitamin D, calcium, other vitamins, and supplements do not prevent cardiovascular diseases

27 Jan, 2021 | 01:08h | UTC

Vitamin D, Calcium, Other Vitamins, and Supplements Do Not Prevent CVD – TCTMD

Original study 1: Vitamin D, Calcium Supplements, and Implications for Cardiovascular Health: JACC Focus Seminar – Journal of the American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Original study 2: Vitamin D, Calcium Supplements, and Implications for Cardiovascular Health: JACC Focus Seminar – Journal of the American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Meta-analysis of observational studies: Fried-food consumption linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality

27 Jan, 2021 | 00:55h | UTC

Fried-food consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of observational studies – Heart

Commentaries: Fried food intake linked to heightened serious heart disease and stroke risk – The BMJ AND Expert reaction to study looking at fried food and heart disease and stroke risk – Science Media Centre

 


10-year follow up of a randomized trial shows metabolic surgery is more effective than conventional medical therapy for the control of type 2 diabetes

26 Jan, 2021 | 00:44h | UTC

Metabolic surgery versus conventional medical therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: 10-year follow-up of an open-label, single-centre, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Gastrointestinal surgery can be a ‘cure’ for type 2 diabetes finds new long-term study – King’s College London

 


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