See also: Visual Abstract
Vegetarian and vegan diets: benefits and drawbacks – European Heart Journal (free for a limited period)
Commentary on Twitter
— European Society of Cardiology Journals (@ESC_Journals) July 31, 2023
Study | Childhood deaths in high-mortality settings mostly preventable; infection, malnutrition top causes31 Jul, 2023 | 14:05h | UTC
Invited Commentary: Need for a Structural Approach to Promote Child Survival – JAMA Network Open
Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)
Avoid #TransFats! Trans fats are found in
🍽️ baked & fried foods,
🍽️ pre-packaged snacks,
🍽️ meat & dairy foods from animals such as cows or sheep,
🍽️ processed foods.
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) July 17, 2023
AGA clinical practice update on evaluation and management of belching, abdominal bloating, and distention27 Jul, 2023 | 13:04h | UTC
RCT | Vitamin D supplementation shows no cognitive benefit in mild cognitive impairment intervention25 Jul, 2023 | 14:00h | UTC
Effects of Exercise Alone or Combined With Cognitive Training and Vitamin D Supplementation to Improve Cognition in Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Network Open
RCT: Oral Vitamin D supplementation (60.000 IU per month) did not reduce mortality in patients 60 years or older (unscreened individuals in Australia, many without insufficiency, average 30ng/mL). Exploratory analyses pointed towards an increased risk of death from cancer.
USPSTF Draft Statement: Insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements for the prevention of CVD or cancer. The statement also recommends against the use of beta-carotene (increases risk of CVD mortality and lung cancer) or vitamin E (clear evidence of no benefit)
RCT | MIND diet, a hybrid of Mediterranean and DASH, shows no superiority in preventing cognitive decline21 Jul, 2023 | 13:38h | UTC
Trial of the MIND Diet for Prevention of Cognitive Decline in Older Persons – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Commentary on Twitter
— NEJM (@NEJM) July 19, 2023
IARC, WHO agency, identifies aspartame as potentially carcinogenic but probably safe within established acceptable daily intake18 Jul, 2023 | 13:58h | UTC
Management of Type 1 Diabetes With a Very Low–Carbohydrate Diet – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Effects of a 6-month, low-carbohydrate diet on glycaemic control, body composition, and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes: An open-label randomized controlled trial – Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Cohort Study | A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, fish, and dairy linked with decreased mortality and CVD globally10 Jul, 2023 | 13:39h | UTC
Commentary on Twitter
Fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, fish and dairy: the secret to a lower risk of cardiovascular risk and mortality! Read the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study on #EHJ!#diet #cardiovascular #risk #cardiotwitter #EHJ @ESC_Journals @escardio https://t.co/uzDYdhf6DI pic.twitter.com/54ZN3pa6cN
— EHJ Editor-in-Chief (@ehj_ed) July 9, 2023
How to avoid harm with feeding critically ill patients: a synthesis of viewpoints of a basic scientist, dietitian and intensivist10 Jul, 2023 | 13:34h | UTC
SR | Little to no impact of low glycemic index/glycemic load diets on weight loss in overweight or obese individuals30 Jun, 2023 | 14:54h | UTC
Summary: This systematic review examined the impact of low glycaemic index or load (GI/GL) diets on weight loss in overweight or obese individuals, analyzing data from 10 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), with 1,210 participants. The main outcomes included changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI), adverse events, health-related quality of life, and mortality. The study showed that low GI/GL diets probably result in little to no difference in body weight and BMI changes compared to higher GI/GL diets or other diets. The evidence suggests a lack of effect on all main outcomes and the possible positive influence on mood remains uncertain.
The studies included in this review had a small sample size with a moderate to very low certainty of evidence. This suggests more well-structured studies with larger sample sizes are needed for firmer conclusions. Limitations of this review included the risk of bias, as many of the studies did not adopt objective outcome measurements and some had a high degree of loss to follow-up. Furthermore, the researchers recommend that future studies focus on diverse demographic groups and include participants from low- and middle-income countries.