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Nutrition (all articles)

No amount of alcohol is good for the heart, says World Heart Federation.

24 Jan, 2022 | 08:23h | UTC

News Release: No amount of alcohol is good for the heart, says World Heart Federation

Report: The Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Cardiovascular Health: Myths and Measures – World Heart Federation

Commentary: No amount of alcohol is good for the heart, new report says, but critics disagree on science – CNN

 


Clinical review of subcutaneous Semaglutide for obesity.

24 Jan, 2022 | 07:54h | UTC

Clinical review of subcutaneous semaglutide for obesity – Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics

 


M-A: the accuracy of serological tests to support the diagnosis of celiac disease.

20 Jan, 2022 | 09:02h | UTC

Systematic review with meta-analysis: the accuracy of serological tests to support the diagnosis of coeliac disease – Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

 


ERAS Guidelines for perioperative care in bariatric surgery.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:21h | UTC

Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Bariatric Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Recommendations: A 2021 Update – World Journal of Surgery

Related: Complete List of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Guidelines

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Guidelines for the provision of nutrition support therapy in the adult critically ill patient.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:19h | UTC

Guidelines for the provision of nutrition support therapy in the adult critically ill patient: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition – Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

 


RCT: Oral Vitamin D supplementation (60.000 IU per month) did not reduce mortality in patients 60 years or older (unscreened individuals in Australia, many without insufficiency, average 30ng/mL). Exploratory analyses pointed towards an increased risk of death from cancer.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:13h | UTC

The D-Health Trial: a randomised controlled trial of the effect of vitamin D on mortality – The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

Randomized Trial: Vitamin D Supplements and Prevention of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

Meta-Analysis: Vitamin D Not Effective for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Association between vitamin D supplementation and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ

USPSTF Draft Statement: Insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements for the prevention of CVD or cancer. The statement also recommends against the use of beta-carotene (increases risk of CVD mortality and lung cancer) or vitamin E (clear evidence of no benefit)

Vitamin D, calcium, other vitamins, and supplements do not prevent cardiovascular diseases

Research: Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers

Research: Vitamin D and risk of total and site specific cancers

 


RCT: Vitamin D supplementation is not beneficial for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:11h | UTC

Vitamin D supplementation and prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Finnish Vitamin D Trial-a randomized controlled trial – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

News Release: Five years of high-dose vitamin D did not affect incidence of cardiovascular disease or cancer – University of Eastern Finland

Related:

Randomized Trial: Vitamin D Supplements and Prevention of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

Meta-Analysis: Vitamin D Not Effective for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Association between vitamin D supplementation and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ

USPSTF Draft Statement: Insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements for the prevention of CVD or cancer. The statement also recommends against the use of beta-carotene (increases risk of CVD mortality and lung cancer) or vitamin E (clear evidence of no benefit)

Vitamin D, calcium, other vitamins, and supplements do not prevent cardiovascular diseases

Research: Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers

Research: Vitamin D and risk of total and site specific cancers

 


Analysis: Sarcopenia: early prevention or overdiagnosis?

16 Jan, 2022 | 22:48h | UTC

Sarcopenia: early prevention or overdiagnosis? – The BMJ

Related: Overdiagnosis: it’s official – the term is now included in the medical subject headings (MeSH) vocabulary. (several articles on the subject)

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter

 


M-A: Intermittent Fasting and Obesity-Related Health Outcomes.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:22h | UTC

Intermittent Fasting and Obesity-Related Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses of Randomized Clinical Trials – JAMA Network Open

 


Cohort Study: Higher consumption of olive oil linked to lower risk of cardiovascular, cancer, and all-cause mortality.

12 Jan, 2022 | 08:41h | UTC

Consumption of Olive Oil and Risk of Total and Cause-Specific Mortality Among U.S. Adults – Journal of the American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries:

Higher olive oil intake associated with lower risk of CVD mortality – American College of Cardiology

Higher Olive Oil Intake May Be Associated With Lower Risk of CVD Mortality – American College of Cardiology

 


Guideline: ADA 2022 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes.

24 Dec, 2021 | 13:38h | UTC

Guideline Homepage: ADA 2022 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – American Diabetes Association

Introduction: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022

Summary of Revisions: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022 Guideline Abridged for Primary Care Providers

Video Summary: Standards of Care in Diabetes – 2022

  1. Improving Care and Promoting Health in Populations
  2. Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes 
  3. Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes and Associated Comorbidities
  4. Comprehensive Medical Evaluation and Assessment of Comorbidities
  5. Facilitating Behavior Change and Well-being to Improve Health Outcomes
  6. Glycemic Targets
  7. Diabetes Technology
  8. Obesity and Weight Management for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes
  9. Pharmacologic Approaches to Glycemic Treatment
  10. Cardiovascular Disease and Risk Management
  11. Chronic Kidney Disease and Risk Management
  12. Retinopathy, Neuropathy, and Foot Care
  13. Older Adults
  14. Children and Adolescents
  15. Management of Diabetes in Pregnancy
  16. Diabetes Care in the Hospital
  17. Diabetes Advocacy

 

Commentaries on Twitter

 


RCT: Long-term supplementation with marine Omega-3 fatty acids does not reduce the risk of depressive symptoms.

8 Jan, 2022 | 23:10h | UTC

Effect of Long-term Supplementation With Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids vs Placebo on Risk of Depression or Clinically Relevant Depressive Symptoms and on Change in Mood Scores: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Clinical trial reveals that omega-3 fish oil supplements do not help prevent depression – Massachusetts General Hospital

 


A guide to enteral nutrition in intensive care units: 10 expert tips for the daily practice.

16 Dec, 2021 | 08:47h | UTC

A guide to enteral nutrition in intensive care units: 10 expert tips for the daily practice – Critical Care

 


M-A: Effects of immediate or early oral feeding on acute pancreatitis.

9 Dec, 2021 | 10:14h | UTC

Effects of immediate or early oral feeding on acute pancreatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Pancreatology

 


Editorial: The rationale for the recommendations of the European Pediatric Fasting Guideline – “the authors of the 2021 ESAIC pediatric guideline have found reasons to recommend reductions to the minimum fasting times for infant formula to 4 h, for breast milk to 3 h and for clear fluids to 1 h”.

5 Dec, 2021 | 23:26h | UTC

The rationale for the recommendations of the European Paediatric Fasting Guideline: Improving paediatric anaesthesia and perioperative medicine – European Journal of Anaesthesiology

Original Guideline: Pre-operative fasting in children: A guideline from the European Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care – European Journal of Anesthesiology

Related:

Pro-Con Debate: 1- vs 2-Hour Fast for Clear Liquids Before Anesthesia in Children.

ESPEN practical guideline: Clinical nutrition in surgery – “Preoperative fasting from midnight is unnecessary in most patients. Patients undergoing surgery, who are considered to have no specific risk of aspiration, shall drink clear fluids until 2 h before anesthesia. Solids shall be allowed until 6 h before anesthesia.”

 


M-A: Association of Glucagon-like Peptide 1 Analogs and agonists administered for obesity with weight loss and adverse events.

28 Nov, 2021 | 21:09h | UTC

Association of Glucagon-like Peptide 1 Analogs and Agonists Administered for Obesity with Weight Loss and Adverse Events: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis – EClinicalMedicine

 


Systematic Review: Insufficient evidence to recommend Omega‐3 fatty acids for depression in adults.

26 Nov, 2021 | 09:54h | UTC

Omega‐3 fatty acids for depression in adults – Cochrane Library

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Opinion | Things we do for no reason: prescribing appetite stimulants to hospitalized older adults with unintentional weight loss.

26 Nov, 2021 | 09:44h | UTC

Things We Do for No Reason: Prescribing Appetite Stimulants to Hospitalized Older Adults With Unintentional Weight Loss – Journal of Hospital Medicine

 


Diets for weight management in adults with type 2 diabetes: an umbrella review of published meta-analyses and systematic review of trials of diets for diabetes remission – “Published meta-analyses of hypocaloric diets for weight management in people with type 2 diabetes do not support any particular macronutrient profile or style over others”.

25 Nov, 2021 | 10:19h | UTC

Diets for weight management in adults with type 2 diabetes: an umbrella review of published meta-analyses and systematic review of trials of diets for diabetes remission – Diabetologia

News Release: Analysis shows low energy diets with formula meal replacements are the most effective methods for weight management and remission in adults with type 2 diabetes – Diabetologia

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: A brief 5:2 diet advice resulted in similar weight loss at one year vs. a standard multicomponent weight-management advice (-2.6kg vs. -1.9kg, p = 0.37).

24 Nov, 2021 | 08:29h | UTC

A randomised controlled trial of the 5:2 diet – PLOS One

News Release: Brief 5:2 diet advice is as effective as traditional GP advice, but people like it better, according to new study – Queen Mary University of London

Commentary: Fasting 2 days a week can help obese people keep off the weight with modest results, study finds – CNN

 


AAP Clinical Report: Promoting Human Milk and Breastfeeding for the Very Low Birth Weight Infant.

19 Nov, 2021 | 10:35h | UTC

Promoting Human Milk and Breastfeeding for the Very Low Birth Weight Infant – Pediatrics

 


RCT: Adjustable intragastric balloon resulted in significant weight loss at 32 weeks, but intolerance caused early removal of the device in 17% of patients, and device-related serious adverse events were observed in 4% of patients.

17 Nov, 2021 | 08:26h | UTC

Adjustable intragastric balloon for treatment of obesity: a multicentre, open-label, randomised clinical trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Long-term follow up of randomized trials found that children who were given nutrient or supplement enriched formula milk as babies didn’t have higher academic performances as adolescents.

17 Nov, 2021 | 08:14h | UTC

News release: Study finds no benefit of enriched formula milks on later academic performance – British Medical Journal

Original Study: Effect of nutritionally modified infant formula on academic performance: linkage of seven dormant randomised controlled trials to national education data – The BMJ

Editorial: Enriched formula milks and academic performance in later childhood – The BMJ

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


#AHA21 – Among patients with intermittent atrial fibrillation, n-of-1 trials with 466 patients found alcohol, but not caffeine, increased the risk of atrial fibrillation events.

16 Nov, 2021 | 08:29h | UTC

Individualized Studies of Triggers of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: The I-STOP-AFib Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Cardiology (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Avoiding AF Triggers Doesn’t Improve Quality of Life: I-STOP-AFib – TCTMD

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


#AHA21 – Pooled data from six prospective cohorts found higher sodium and lower potassium intakes were associated in a dose–response manner with a higher cardiovascular risk.

14 Nov, 2021 | 19:58h | UTC

24-Hour Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion and Cardiovascular Risk – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Less sodium and more potassium could be key in lowering risk of cardiovascular disease – The Harvard Gazette

Related study: Cohort Study: Joint Association of Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion with Cardiovascular Events and Mortality

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


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