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Nutrition (all articles)

Modeling Study | Reducing daily salt intake in China by 1 g could prevent almost 9 million cardiovascular events by 2030.

18 Aug, 2022 | 12:42h | UTC

Reducing daily salt intake in China by 1 g could prevent almost 9 million cardiovascular events by 2030: a modelling study – BMJ Nutrition Prevention & Health

News Release: 1 g cut in daily salt intake could ward off nearly 9 million cases of stroke/heart disease in China – BMJ Newsroom

 


Perspective | Is there an optimal diet for primordial prevention of atherosclerosis?

17 Aug, 2022 | 14:23h | UTC

Is there an optimal diet for primordial prevention of atherosclerosis? – European Journal of Cardiology

 


Pre-post study | Junk food advertising restrictions linked to reductions in high fat, salt and sugar product purchases.

17 Aug, 2022 | 14:21h | UTC

Changes in household food and drink purchases following restrictions on the advertisement of high fat, salt, and sugar products across the Transport for London network: A controlled interrupted time series analysis – PLOS Medicine

News Release: Transport for London’s junk food advertising restrictions linked to reductions in high fat, salt and sugar product purchases – London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Commentaries:

Advertising ban was linked to lower purchases of unhealthy food and drink – National Institute for Health and Care Research

TfL junk food advert ban: Has the policy cut obesity? – BBC

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Supplement | Evidence for global health care interventions for preterm or low birth weight infants.

12 Aug, 2022 | 15:16h | UTC

Homepage: Evidence for Global Health Care Interventions for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants – Pediatrics

Introduction to Evidence for Global Health Care Interventions for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants

Evidence for Global Health Care Interventions for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: An Overview of Systematic Reviews

Mother’s Own Milk Compared With Formula Milk for Feeding Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Early Enteral Feeding for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Responsive Feeding for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Fast Feed Advancement for Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Iron Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Zinc Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Vitamin D Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Low-Dose Vitamin A Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants to Prevent Morbidity and Mortality: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Calcium or Phosphorus Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation in Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Family Involvement in the Routine Care of Hospitalized Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

 


Podcast | Vitamin and mineral supplementation: a USPSTF update.

12 Aug, 2022 | 14:23h | UTC

#345 Vitamin and Mineral supplementation: A USPSTF Update with Dr. Michael Barry – The Curbsiders

Related: USPSTF Statement: The current evidence is insufficient to recommend vitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

 


Cohort Study | Risk of hip fracture in meat-eaters, pescatarians, and vegetarians.

11 Aug, 2022 | 12:11h | UTC

Risk of hip fracture in meat-eaters, pescatarians, and vegetarians: results from the UK Women’s Cohort Study – BMC Medicine

News Release: Vegetarian women are at a higher risk of hip fracture – University of Leeds

 


M-A | Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes.

10 Aug, 2022 | 15:40h | UTC

Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Heart

Commentary: Swapping salt for substitutes reduces risk of stroke and heart conditions – study – The Guardian

Related:

Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women – Cochrane Library

Cluster RCT: A household salt substitution intervention is a cost-effective intervention for preventing stroke and improving quality of life.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter

 


Systematic Review | Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women.

10 Aug, 2022 | 15:38h | UTC

Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women – Cochrane Library

Summary: Does using low-sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) instead of regular salt reduce blood pressure and heart disease risks, and is it safe? – Cochrane Library

Related:

Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Heart

Cluster RCT: A household salt substitution intervention is a cost-effective intervention for preventing stroke and improving quality of life.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 


RCT | Effectiveness of early time-restricted eating for weight loss, fat loss, and cardiometabolic health in adults with obesity.

9 Aug, 2022 | 12:59h | UTC

Effectiveness of Early Time-Restricted Eating for Weight Loss, Fat Loss, and Cardiometabolic Health in Adults With Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Internal Medicine

Author Interview: Effectiveness of Early Time-Restricted Eating for Weight Loss and Fat Loss in Adults With Obesity – JAMA

Commentaries:

Time-Restricted Eating to Improve Health—A Promising Idea in Need of Stronger Clinical Trial Evidence – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Expert reaction to study looking at early time-restricted eating and weight loss in obese adults – Science Media Centre

Related:

Effects of Intermittent Fasting in Human Compared to a Non-intervention Diet and Caloric Restriction: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials – Frontiers in Nutrition

Time-Restricted Eating: Integrating The What With The When – Advances in Nutrition

Calorie Restriction with or without Time-Restricted Eating in Weight Loss- New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Intermittent Fasting and Obesity-Related Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses of Randomized Clinical Trials – JAMA Network Open

 


Guideline | Preventing obesity in midlife women.

3 Aug, 2022 | 14:37h | UTC

Preventing Obesity in Midlife Women: A Recommendation From the Women’s Preventive Services Initiative – Annals of Internal Medicine

News Release: Women’s Preventive Services Initiative issues guidelines for preventing obesity in midlife women – American College of Physicians

Commentary: Counseling Can Prevent Obesity in Normal, Overweight Women – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Study shows the incidence of obesity among US children is increasing.

3 Aug, 2022 | 14:00h | UTC

Changes in the Incidence of Childhood Obesity – Pediatrics

Original Study: Childhood Obesity Rate in the U.S. Higher Now Than 12 Years Prior – HealthDay

 


Pre-post study | Assessment of calories purchased after calorie labeling of prepared foods in a large supermarket chain.

2 Aug, 2022 | 12:04h | UTC

Assessment of Calories Purchased After Calorie Labeling of Prepared Foods in a Large Supermarket Chain – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Calorie Labels Don’t Deter Most Grocery Shoppers — Adding labels to prepared foods only yielded small decreases in calories purchased – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A | Efficacy of a restrictive diet in irritable bowel syndrome.

2 Aug, 2022 | 12:02h | UTC

Efficacy of a Restrictive Diet in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis – Korean Journal of Gastroenterology

Commentary: Gluten-Free, Low FODMAP Diets Beneficial for IBS Symptoms – HCPLive

Related:

Diet or medication in primary care patients with IBS: the DOMINO study – a randomised trial supported by the Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre (KCE Trials Programme) and the Rome Foundation Research Institute – Gut

AGA Clinical Practice Update on the Role of Diet in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Expert Review – Gastroenterology

RCT: Efficacy and acceptability of dietary therapies in non-constipated irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized trial of traditional dietary advice, the low FODMAP diet and the gluten-free diet.

10 mistakes in dietary management of irritable bowel syndrome and how to avoid them.

Supplement: Irritable bowel syndrome and related conditions.

RCT: FODMAPs, but not gluten, elicit modest symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

RCT: Among patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome, a low FODMAP diet achieved earlier symptomatic improvements in stool frequency and excessive wind.

British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome

Guidelines for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

ACG Clinical Guideline: Management of irritable bowel syndrome

M-A: Efficacy of a low-FODMAP diet in adult irritable bowel syndrome

 


RCT | Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty for treatment of class 1 and 2 obesity.

1 Aug, 2022 | 12:35h | UTC

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty for treatment of class 1 and 2 obesity (MERIT): a prospective, multicentre, randomised trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A | Probiotics in critical illness.

1 Aug, 2022 | 12:28h | UTC

Probiotics in Critical Illness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials – Critical Care Medicine (free for a limited period)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT | Supplemental Vitamin D does not reduce incident fractures in midlife and older adults.

28 Jul, 2022 | 13:31h | UTC

Supplemental Vitamin D and Incident Fractures in Midlife and Older Adults – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Daily Vitamin D supplements don’t lower risk of bone fractures, study finds – STAT

Related:

Comparison of fracture risk using different supplemental doses of vitamin D, calcium or their combination: a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials – BMJ Open

Association Between Calcium or Vitamin D Supplementation and Fracture Incidence in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study | Association of ultraprocessed food consumption with risk of dementia.

28 Jul, 2022 | 13:10h | UTC

Association of Ultraprocessed Food Consumption With Risk of Dementia: A Prospective Cohort – Neurology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Dementia Risk Climbs With Intake of Ultra-Processed Foods — Swapping out ultra-processed for unprocessed or minimally processed foods can lower risk sharply – MedPage Today (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Analysis | Fiber intake for optimal health: how can healthcare professionals support people to reach dietary recommendations?

21 Jul, 2022 | 13:17h | UTC

Fibre intake for optimal health: how can healthcare professionals support people to reach dietary recommendations? – The BMJ

 


Consensus Recommendations | Screening, diagnosis and management of sarcopenia and frailty in hospitalized older adults.

21 Jul, 2022 | 13:08h | UTC

Screening, Diagnosis and Management of Sarcopenia and Frailty in Hospitalized Older Adults: Recommendations from the Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research (ANZSSFR) Expert Working Group – The journal of nutrition, health & aging

 


Nutrition state of science and dementia prevention.

19 Jul, 2022 | 13:11h | UTC

Nutrition state of science and dementia prevention: recommendations of the Nutrition for Dementia Prevention Working Group – The Lancet Health Longevity

Commentary: Improving research on diet and dementia – Keck School of Medicine of USC

 


Position Paper | Diagnostic reasoning in rehabilitation nutrition.

15 Jul, 2022 | 12:53h | UTC

Diagnostic reasoning in rehabilitation nutrition: Position paper by the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition (secondary publication) – Journal of General and Family Medicine

 


M-A of RCTs | Megestrol Acetate not beneficial for cancer-related anorexia/cachexia.

14 Jul, 2022 | 12:50h | UTC

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Clinical Use of Megestrol Acetate for Cancer-Related Anorexia/Cachexia – Journal of Clinical Medicine

 


RCT | Neutropenic versus regular diet for acute leukemia induction chemotherapy.

13 Jul, 2022 | 11:45h | UTC

Neutropenic versus regular diet for acute leukaemia induction chemotherapy: randomised controlled trial – BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

Exercise, Diet, and Weight Management During Cancer Treatment: ASCO Guideline – Journal of Clinical Oncology

Association between the dietary regimen and infection-related complications in neutropenic high-risk patients with cancer – European Journal of Cancer (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Neutropenic diets to prevent cancer infections: updated systematic review and meta-analysis – BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Things We Do For No Reason: Neutropenic Diet – Journal of Hospital Medicine (PDF)

 


Nutrition and lifestyle recommendations for patients with gout and hyperuricemia.

13 Jul, 2022 | 11:37h | UTC

2022 update of the Austrian Society of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation nutrition and lifestyle recommendations for patients with gout and hyperuricemia – Wiener klinische Wochenschrift

 


M-A | The effect of fiber supplementation on chronic constipation in adults.

13 Jul, 2022 | 11:30h | UTC

The effect of fiber supplementation on chronic constipation in adults: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 


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