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Gastrointestinal Surgery (all articles)

The WSES/SICG/ACOI/SICUT/AcEMC/SIFIPAC guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute left colonic diverticulitis in the elderly.

24 Jan, 2022 | 08:24h | UTC

The WSES/SICG/ACOI/SICUT/AcEMC/SIFIPAC guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute left colonic diverticulitis in the elderly – World Journal of Emergency Surgery

Related:

ACP Guideline: Diagnosis and management of acute left-sided colonic diverticulitis.

Review: Changing paradigms in the management of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.

RCT: Another study shows that non-antibiotic outpatient treatment in mild acute diverticulitis is safe.

Review: Elective surgical management of diverticulitis

State of the Art Review | Management of colonic diverticulitis

Drains, germs, or steel: Multidisciplinary management of acute colonic diverticulitis

Diverticulitis: Observational study in outpatients suggests amoxicillin-clavulanate is a safe and effective option compared with metronidazole-fluoroquinolone

Randomized trial: Laparoscopic lavage vs. primary resection for perforated purulent diverticulitis; similar long-term results, but recurrence was more common after laparoscopic lavage

Randomized trial: In patients with recurrent, complicated, or persistent painful diverticulitis, sigmoid resection improved quality of life but was associated with a small but significant risk of major complications

Systematic review: Management of colonic diverticulitis

WSES Guidelines for the Management of Acute Colonic Diverticulitis

ASCRS Guidelines for the Treatment of Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis

 


M-A: Impact of enhanced recovery protocols after pancreatoduodenectomy.

24 Jan, 2022 | 08:00h | UTC

Impact of enhanced recovery protocols after pancreatoduodenectomy: meta-analysis – British Journal of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

RCT: Pancreatoduodenectomy with or without prophylactic falciform ligament wrap around the hepatic artery for prevention of postpancreatectomy haemorrhage.

Randomized Trial: Gastrointestinal Complications After Pancreatoduodenectomy With Epidural vs. Patient-Controlled Intravenous Analgesia

[Abstract Only] Meta‐analysis of Effect of Routine Enteral Nutrition on Postoperative Outcomes after Pancreatoduodenectomy

Randomized Trial: Oral vs. Enteral Feeding for Patients with Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula After Pancreatoduodenectomy

See also: Complete List of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Guidelines (some guidelines are free)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Sleeping on the LEFT side seems to be associated with reduced nocturnal acid exposure compared with supine and right lateral decubitus positions.

21 Jan, 2022 | 09:45h | UTC

Associations Between Sleep Position and Nocturnal Gastroesophageal Reflux: A Study Using Concurrent Monitoring of Sleep Position and Esophageal pH and Impedance – American Journal of Gastroenterology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Review: Diagnostic evaluation of gastric motor and sensory disorders.

21 Jan, 2022 | 09:42h | UTC

Diagnostic Evaluation of Gastric Motor and Sensory Disorders – American Journal of Gastroenterology

 


RCT: Among patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection, the use of SER-109, an oral microbiome therapy, reduced recurrence rate compared to placebo (12% vs. 40%).

20 Jan, 2022 | 09:11h | UTC

SER-109, an Oral Microbiome Therapy for Recurrent Clostridioides difficile Infection – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Consensus statement on hemostatic management, anticoagulation, and antiplatelet therapy in liver transplantation.

20 Jan, 2022 | 08:47h | UTC

Consensus Statement on Hemostatic Management, Anticoagulation, and Antiplatelet Therapy in Liver Transplantation – Transplantation

 


Cumulative 5-year results of a randomized controlled trial comparing biological Mesh with primary perineal wound closure after extralevator abdominoperineal resection.

20 Jan, 2022 | 08:40h | UTC

Cumulative 5-year Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Biological Mesh With Primary Perineal Wound Closure After Extralevator Abdominoperineal Resection (BIOPEX-study) – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


M-A: Role of adjuvant therapy in esophageal cancer patients after neoadjuvant therapy and esophagectomy.

19 Jan, 2022 | 08:19h | UTC

Role of Adjuvant Therapy in Esophageal Cancer Patients After Neoadjuvant Therapy and Esophagectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


ACP Guideline: Diagnosis and management of acute left-sided colonic diverticulitis.

18 Jan, 2022 | 09:38h | UTC

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Clinical Guideline From the American College of Physicians – Annals of Internal Medicine

Related Guideline: Colonoscopy for Diagnostic Evaluation and Interventions to Prevent Recurrence After Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Clinical Guideline From the American College of Physicians – Annals of Internal Medicine

Related Systematic Reviews:

Diagnostic Imaging and Medical Management of Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine

Evaluation and Management After Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine

Annals Video Summary: Diagnostic Imaging and Medical Management of Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine

News Release: ACP releases two new clinical guidelines on the diagnosis and management of diverticulitis – American College of Physicians

 


Cohort study: In patients who underwent bariatric surgery, those submitted to gastric bypass were slightly more likely to remain free of obesity-related medications during follow-up compared with those who underwent sleeve gastrectomy.

18 Jan, 2022 | 09:31h | UTC

Medication Use for Obesity-Related Comorbidities After Sleeve Gastrectomy or Gastric Bypass – JAMA Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Gastric Bypass Tied to Modest Shift in Need for Comorbidity Meds – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


ERAS Guidelines for perioperative care in bariatric surgery.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:21h | UTC

Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Bariatric Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Recommendations: A 2021 Update – World Journal of Surgery

Related: Complete List of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Guidelines

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study: Patients who achieved weight loss through bariatric surgery may have lower risk for severe Covid-19 compared to patients who did not have surgical intervention for their obesity.

14 Jan, 2022 | 08:32h | UTC

Association of Weight Loss Achieved Through Metabolic Surgery With Risk and Severity of COVID-19 Infection – JAMA Surgery

Commentaries:

Is COVID-19 the Newest Comorbidity of Obesity Mitigated by Bariatric Surgery? – JAMA Surgery

Can weight loss help protect against Covid-19? – CNN

 


Systematic Review: Restrictive transfusion thresholds can safely decrease transfusions by 41% across a broad range of clinical contexts.

14 Jan, 2022 | 08:18h | UTC

Transfusion thresholds for guiding red blood cell transfusion – Cochrane Library

Summary: Is it safe to use lower blood counts (haemoglobin levels) as a trigger for blood transfusion in order to give fewer blood transfusions? – Cochrane Library

Related:

RCT: Among patients with acute MI and anemia, a restrictive transfusion strategy resulted in a noninferior rate of major cardiovascular events compared to a liberal transfusion strategy

Randomized trial: Liberal vs. restrictive transfusion thresholds in extremely low-birth-weight infants

Meta-Analysis: Effects of Restrictive vs. Liberal Transfusion Strategies on Longer-term Outcomes After Cardiac Surgery

Randomized Trial: In Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery, A Restrictive Transfusion Approach Does Not Increase the Risk of Acute Kidney Injury

Effects of restrictive red blood cell transfusion on the prognoses of adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – Critical Care

Research: Restrictive or Liberal Red-Cell Transfusion for Cardiac Surgery

Transfusion Requirements After Cardiac Surgery: The TRACS Randomized Controlled Trial – JAMA

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study: Patient factors associated with appendectomy within 30 days of initiating antibiotic treatment for appendicitis – the presence of an appendicolith was associated with a nearly 2-fold increased risk of undergoing appendectomy within 30 days.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:39h | UTC

Patient Factors Associated With Appendectomy Within 30 Days of Initiating Antibiotic Treatment for Appendicitis – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Invited commentary: Appendicoliths, Antibiotic Treatment Failure, and Appendectomy—Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? – JAMA Surgery

 


Review: Bowel decontamination before colonic and rectal surgery.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:36h | UTC

Bowel decontamination before colonic and rectal surgery – British Journal of Surgery

 


RCT: Pancreatoduodenectomy with or without prophylactic falciform ligament wrap around the hepatic artery for prevention of postpancreatectomy haemorrhage.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:35h | UTC

Pancreatoduodenectomy with or without prophylactic falciform ligament wrap around the hepatic artery for prevention of postpancreatectomy haemorrhage: randomized clinical trial (PANDA trial) – British Journal of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


ASCO Guideline Update: Adjuvant Therapy for Stage II Colon Cancer.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:19h | UTC

Adjuvant Therapy for Stage II Colon Cancer: ASCO Guideline Update – Journal of Clinical Oncology

 


Systematic Review: Antecolic vs. retrocolic reconstruction after partial pancreaticoduodenectomy.

12 Jan, 2022 | 08:38h | UTC

Antecolic versus retrocolic reconstruction after partial pancreaticoduodenectomy – Cochrane Library

 


M-A: Fecal immunochemical test to triage patients with possible colorectal cancer symptoms.

11 Jan, 2022 | 02:18h | UTC

Faecal immunochemical test to triage patients with possible colorectal cancer symptoms: meta-analysis – British Journal of Surgery

Commentary: Guest Plain English summary: Worried about symptoms of bowel cancer? A simple stool test may help. – Cutting Edge

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Meta-analysis (mostly of observational studies): In patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy, routine nasogastric decompression is associated with increased rates of delayed gastric emptying, major complications, and longer length of stay compared to no routine nasogastric decompression.

8 Jan, 2022 | 22:44h | UTC

Impact of routine nasogastric decompression versus no nasogastric decompression after pancreaticoduodenectomy on perioperative outcomes: meta-analysis – BJS Open

Related Study: Nasogastric Decompression vs No Decompression After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: The Randomized Clinical IPOD Trial – JAMA Surgery

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Position Paper: Diagnosis, management, and prevention of button battery ingestion in childhood.

15 Dec, 2021 | 08:32h | UTC

Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Button Battery Ingestion in Childhood: A European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition Position Paper – Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Visual summary: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Button Battery Ingestion in Childhood

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Review: Diagnosis and management of acute appendicitis in adults.

15 Dec, 2021 | 08:28h | UTC

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Appendicitis in Adults: A Review – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Author Interview: Current Management of Acute Appendicitis: Antibiotics or Surgical Intervention

Commentary: Antibiotics can be first-line therapy for uncomplicated appendicitis cases – Duke University Medical Center

 


Colorectal cancer incidence, mortality, tumor characteristics, and treatment before and after the introduction of the fecal immunochemical testing-based screening program in the Netherlands: a population-based study.

13 Dec, 2021 | 08:50h | UTC

Colorectal cancer incidence, mortality, tumour characteristics, and treatment before and after introduction of the faecal immunochemical testing-based screening programme in the Netherlands: a population-based study – The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Outcomes associated with caustic ingestion among 1198 adults in a national prospective database in France.

9 Dec, 2021 | 10:19h | UTC

Outcomes Associated With Caustic Ingestion Among Adults in a National Prospective Database in France – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Invited commentary: Caustic Ingestion—The Haves and the Have Nots (free for a limited period)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Current issues in the use of opioids for the management of postoperative pain.

9 Dec, 2021 | 10:18h | UTC

Current Issues in the Use of Opioids for the Management of Postoperative Pain: A Review – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

 


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