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Gastrointestinal Surgery (All Articles)

RCT: Immediate oral refeeding in patients with mild and moderate acute pancreatitis.

22 Jul, 2021 | 10:32h | UTC

Immediate Oral Refeeding in Patients With Mild and Moderate Acute Pancreatitis: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial (PADI trial) – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


SAGES guidelines for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux.

21 Jul, 2021 | 10:34h | UTC

SAGES guidelines for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) – Surgical Endoscopy

 


AGA Clinical Practice Update on Chemoprevention for Colorectal Neoplasia.

16 Jul, 2021 | 10:46h | UTC

AGA Clinical Practice Update on Chemoprevention for Colorectal Neoplasia: Expert Review – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, intravenous fluids, pancreatic stents, or their combinations for the prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis.

16 Jul, 2021 | 10:28h | UTC

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, intravenous fluids, pancreatic stents, or their combinations for the prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis – The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Global burden of cancer attributable to alcohol consumption – “Globally, an estimated 741.300, or 4·1% of all new cases of cancer in 2020 were attributable to alcohol consumption”.

14 Jul, 2021 | 11:07h | UTC

Global burden of cancer in 2020 attributable to alcohol consumption: a population-based study – The Lancet Oncology

News release: Alcohol consumption linked to more than 740,000 new cancer cases in 2020 – The Lancet

Commentaries: Alcohol caused 740,000 cancer cases globally last year – study – The Guardian AND Expert reaction to study of alcohol and cancer – Science Media Centre

 


Another RCT evaluating the efficacy and quality of life of antibiotic-only treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis.

13 Jul, 2021 | 09:33h | UTC

A Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Quality of Life of Antibiotic-only Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Appendicitis: Results of the COMMA Trial – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related: A Randomized trial comparing antibiotics with appendectomy for appendicitis AND Antibiotics alone for uncomplicated appendicitis: Oral Moxifloxacin almost as good as intravenous Ertapenem + oral Levofloxacin AND Observational study: 67.1% success rate with nonoperative management of children with uncomplicated appendicitis AND Randomized Trial: Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction at 7-Year Follow-up of Antibiotic Therapy vs. Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis AND Meta-Analysis: Antibiotic Treatment vs. Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis in Adults and Children AND Nonoperative treatment for nonperforated appendicitis in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Pediatric Surgery International

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Long-term efficacy of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus surgery for the treatment of locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

13 Jul, 2021 | 09:20h | UTC

Long-term Efficacy of Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Plus Surgery for the Treatment of Locally Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The NEOCRTEC5010 Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Surgery

Commentary: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus surgery increases overall survival of patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma compared to surgery alone – 2 Minute Medicine

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Ranitidine absolved? FDA study finds Ranitidine does not convert to carcinogen NDMA, regardless of diet.

12 Jul, 2021 | 01:36h | UTC

Effect of Oral Ranitidine on Urinary Excretion of N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA): A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA

Editorial: Ranitidine and Risk of N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) Formation

Commentary: Ranitidine: FDA finds no evidence of elevated NDMA, regardless of diet

 

Commentaries on Twitter

 


RCT: Another study shows that non-antibiotic outpatient treatment in mild acute diverticulitis is safe.

12 Jul, 2021 | 01:29h | UTC

Efficacy and Safety of Non-Antibiotic Outpatient Treatment in Mild Acute Diverticulitis (DINAMO-study): A Multicentre, Randomised, Open-Label, Non-Inferiority Trial – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related: State of the Art Review: Management of colonic diverticulitis AND Treatment of Uncomplicated Acute Diverticulitis Without Antibiotics: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – Diseases of the Colon & Rectum AND Antibiotics Do Not Reduce Length of Hospital Stay for Uncomplicated Diverticulitis in a Pragmatic Double-Blind Randomized Trial – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology AND Randomized Trial: Antibiotic Avoidance Associated with Similar Long-term Outcomes in Uncomplicated Diverticulitis

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


WSES position paper: Diagnosis and management of small bowel obstruction in virgin abdomen.

6 Jul, 2021 | 10:07h | UTC

Diagnosis and management of small bowel obstruction in virgin abdomen: a WSES position paper – World Journal of Emergency Surgery

 


Single-center, open-label RCT: Stimulant and osmotic laxatives after colorectal surgery results in earlier recovery of gastrointestinal function and reduces the incidence of prolonged postoperative ileus, without effects in the duration of hospital day or 30-day postoperative complications.

5 Jul, 2021 | 01:26h | UTC

Impact of STIMUlant and osmotic LAXatives (STIMULAX trial) on gastrointestinal recovery after colorectal surgery: randomized clinical trial – British Journal of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Anal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up.

1 Jul, 2021 | 09:44h | UTC

Anal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up – Annals of Oncology

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Imaging of inflammatory disease of the pancreas.

30 Jun, 2021 | 10:03h | UTC

Imaging of inflammatory disease of the pancreas – British Journal of Radiology

 


Systematic review: the evidence behind robot-assisted abdominopelvic surgery – “there is currently no clear advantage with existing robotic platforms, which are costly and increase operative duration”.

29 Jun, 2021 | 09:55h | UTC

The Evidence Behind Robot-Assisted Abdominopelvic Surgery: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Robotic Platforms Not Superior for Abdominopelvic Surgery – HealthDay

 


AASLD Guideline: Vascular liver disorders, portal vein thrombosis, and procedural bleeding in patients with liver disease.

28 Jun, 2021 | 09:33h | UTC

Vascular Liver Disorders, Portal Vein Thrombosis, and Procedural Bleeding in Patients With Liver Disease: 2020 Practice Guidance by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

 


RCT: Doxycycline for 7 days superior to single-dose azithromycin for the treatment of rectal chlamydia infection.

25 Jun, 2021 | 10:19h | UTC

Azithromycin or Doxycycline for Asymptomatic Rectal Chlamydia trachomatis – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Doxycycline Superior to Azithromycin for Asymptomatic Rectal Chlamydia in Men – Physician’s Weekly

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for management of colorectal polyps.

25 Jun, 2021 | 10:11h | UTC

Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for management of colorectal polyps – Journal of Gastroenterology

 


Recommendations for the management of incidental pancreatic findings in adults.

24 Jun, 2021 | 09:48h | UTC

Recommendations for the Management of Incidental Pancreatic Findings in Adults by the Canadian Association of Radiologists Incidental Findings Working Group- Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal

Related: Diagnosis and Surveillance of Incidental Pancreatic Cystic Lesions: 2017 Consensus Recommendations of the Korean Society of Abdominal Radiology – Korean Journal of Radiology AND Cohort Study: Incidence, Prevalence and 5-year Pancreatic-related Mortality of Pancreatic Cysts AND Meta-Analysis: Incidental Findings on MRI of Apparently Asymptomatic Adults AND Prevalence and outcomes of incidental imaging findings: umbrella review AND Incidental anarchy – The BMJ Opinion

 


RCT: Routine use of prophylactic postoperative continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) does not prevent pneumonia, re-intubation, and death after major abdominal surgery.

21 Jun, 2021 | 08:32h | UTC

Postoperative continuous positive airway pressure to prevent pneumonia, re-intubation, and death after major abdominal surgery (PRISM): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


2020 WSES guidelines for the detection and management of bile duct injury during cholecystectomy.

14 Jun, 2021 | 08:36h | UTC

2020 WSES guidelines for the detection and management of bile duct injury during cholecystectomy – World Journal of Emergency Surgery

 


M-A: No difference in major postoperative complications or mortality with perioperative liberal vs. restrictive fluid strategies in major abdominal elective surgery.

14 Jun, 2021 | 08:30h | UTC

Perioperative liberal versus restrictive fluid strategies and postoperative outcomes: a systematic review and metanalysis on randomised-controlled trials in major abdominal elective surgery – Critical Care

 


RCT: Single-day low-residue diet prior to colonoscopy demonstrates improved bowel preparation quality and patient tolerance over clear liquid diet

14 Jun, 2021 | 08:26h | UTC

Single-Day Low-Residue Diet Prior to Colonoscopy Demonstrates Improved Bowel Preparation Quality and Patient Tolerance over Clear Liquid Diet: A Randomized, Single-Blinded, Dual-Center Trial – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

 


Guideline: Diagnosis and management of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

3 Jun, 2021 | 10:49h | UTC

Diagnosis and management of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Guideline – Endoscopy

 


AGA Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Medical Management of Moderate to Severe Luminal and Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease.

1 Jun, 2021 | 08:07h | UTC

AGA Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Medical Management of Moderate to Severe Luminal and Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease – Gastroenterology

News Release: AGA recommends early use of biologics in patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease – American Gastroenterology Association

Technical Review: AGA Technical Review on the Medical Management of Moderate to Severe Luminal and Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease

Clinical Decision Support Tool / Algorithm: Medical Management of Adult Outpatients With Moderate to Severe Lunminal Crohn’s Disease

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Podcast | Bariatric Surgery for the Internist – Patient selection, perioperative management, and post-operative care.

25 May, 2021 | 08:37h | UTC

#275 Bariatric Surgery for the Internist with Dr. Vivian Sanchez – The Curbsiders

 


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