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Pediatrics – Pulmonology

RCT confirms antibiotics are not needed for most children with uncomplicated lower respiratory tract infection if pneumonia is not suspected clinically.

24 Sep, 2021 | 09:00h | UTC

Antibiotics for lower respiratory tract infection in children presenting in primary care in England (ARTIC PC): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial – The Lancet

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


AHA Scientific Statement: Sleep‐disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents.

23 Sep, 2021 | 10:02h | UTC

Sleep‐Disordered Breathing and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association – Journal of the American Heart Association

News release: Obstructive sleep apnea is common in kids and may impact blood pressure, heart health – American Heart Association

 


Covid: Single jab recommended for 12 to 15-year-olds by UK’s top doctors.

14 Sep, 2021 | 10:05h | UTC

Covid: Single jab recommended for 12 to 15-year-olds by UK’s top doctors – BBC

See also: Covid-19: Children aged 12-15 should be offered vaccine, say UK’s chief medical officers – The BMJ

 


The Delta Covid variant and children: transmission in kids is low and only 2% hospitalized, report finds.

12 Sep, 2021 | 21:56h | UTC

The Delta Covid variant and children: transmission in kids is low and only 2% hospitalised, report finds – The Guardian

Report: COVID-19 Delta variant in schools and early childhood education and care services in NSW, Australia: 16 June to 31 July 2021 – NCIRS

News release: COVID-19 Delta variant in schools and early childhood education and care services in NSW, Australia: 16 June to 31 July 2021

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Kawasaki Disease and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: An Overview and Comparison.

13 Aug, 2021 | 10:01h | UTC

Kawasaki Disease and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: An Overview and Comparison – American Family Physician

Related:

Cohort study: Six month follow-up of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children.

Cohort study: Among children with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19, there was no evidence that recovery differed after primary treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) alone, IVIG plus glucocorticoids, or glucocorticoids alone.

Cohort study: Among children with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19, initial treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) plus glucocorticoids was associated with a lower risk of new or persistent cardiovascular dysfunction than IVIG alone.

Cohort study showed that the incidence of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) was 316 persons per 1 000 000 SARS-CoV-2 infections in persons younger than 21 years. The incidence was higher among Black, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian or Pacific Islander persons.

Cohort study showed good recovery for most children 6 months after Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS-TS) associated with SARS-CoV-2.

Epidemiology of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: A Step Closer to Understanding Who, Where, and When

Neurologic involvement in children and adolescents with COVID-19 or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome

Clinical Update: Acute covid-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children

Differences in characteristics and outcomes of children and adolescents with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) vs. severe acute COVID-19

Cutaneous findings in SARS-CoV-2-associated Multisystem Inflammatory Disease in Children (MIS-C)

SR: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children related to COVID-19

Observational study: The combination of Immunoglobulins + Methylprednisolone was associated with a better course of fever compared to Immunoglobulins alone in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in children

ACR Guidance for pediatric patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children associated with SARS‐CoV‐2

New systematic review of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated With SARS-CoV-2 infection summarizes the clinical features, management, and outcomes of the disease, showing favorable outcomes for the majority of children

 


Pediatric asthma: The REGAP consensus.

8 Aug, 2021 | 23:45h | UTC

Pediatric asthma: The REGAP consensus – Anales de Pediatría

 


AARC Guideline: Management of pediatric patients with oxygen in the acute care setting.

8 Aug, 2021 | 23:43h | UTC

AARC Clinical Practice Guideline: Management of Pediatric Patients With Oxygen in the Acute Care Setting – Respiratory Care – American Association for Respiratory Care

 


Review of COVID-19: Abdominal manifestations in adults and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children.

6 Aug, 2021 | 10:05h | UTC

Review of COVID-19, part 1: Abdominal manifestations in adults and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children – Clinical Imaging

 


Illness duration and symptom profile in symptomatic school-aged children tested for SARS-CoV-2 – “Only 25 (1.8%) of 1379 children experienced symptoms for at least 56 days.”

4 Aug, 2021 | 10:06h | UTC

Illness duration and symptom profile in symptomatic UK school-aged children tested for SARS-CoV-2 – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

Invited commentary: Citizen science and biomedical research (free registration required)

Commentaries:

Expert reaction to study looking at long-lasting symptoms from COVID-19 in children – Science Media Centre

Long Covid uncommon in children, analysis finds – King’s College London

Study finds long-term Covid symptoms rare in school-age children – The Guardian

Most children with Covid-19 recover within a week, but a small percentage have long-term symptoms, a study says. – The New York Times

Related:

Long-term Symptoms After SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and Adolescents – “This study found a low prevalence of symptoms compatible with long COVID in a randomly selected cohort of children assessed 6 months after serologic testing”.

Cohort study: Risk factors for long covid in previously hospitalized children.

Study shows low incidence of post-acute COVID-19 symptoms (“Long Covid”) in children after mild disease

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


AAP Guidance: Post-COVID-19 conditions in children and adolescents.

4 Aug, 2021 | 10:01h | UTC

Post-COVID-19 Conditions in Children and Adolescents – American Academy of Pediatrics

 


RCT: Effect of a sedation and ventilator liberation protocol vs. usual care on duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units.

4 Aug, 2021 | 08:59h | UTC

Effect of a Sedation and Ventilator Liberation Protocol vs Usual Care on Duration of Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Intensive Care Units: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort study: Risk factors for long covid in previously hospitalized children.

3 Aug, 2021 | 09:06h | UTC

Risk factors for long covid in previously hospitalised children using the ISARIC Global follow-up protocol: A prospective cohort study – European Respiratory Review

Commentaries:

Study investigates long-term sequelae of COVID-19 in hospitalized children – News Medical

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort study: Six month follow-up of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children.

3 Aug, 2021 | 09:05h | UTC

Six Month Follow-up of Patients With Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children – Pediatrics (PDF)

 


[Preprint] Study confirms children’s extremely low risk of death from Covid-19 – “99·995% of children and young people with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test survived”.

12 Jul, 2021 | 03:12h | UTC

Original study (preprint): Deaths in Children and Young People in England following SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first pandemic year: a national study using linked mandatory child death reporting data – National Child Mortality Database / Public Health England

Commentaries: Risks of severe illness in children from COVID-19 shown to be very low in largest study yet – University of Liverpool AND Covid: Children’s extremely low risk confirmed by study – BBC

Related study from the same group (preprint): Risk factors for intensive care admission and death amongst children and young people admitted to hospital with COVID-19 and PIMS-TS in England during the first pandemic year – medRxiv

 


Review: Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of primary ciliary dyskinesia.

21 Jun, 2021 | 08:27h | UTC

Advances in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia: A Review – JAMA Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery (free for a limited period)

 


Cohort study: Among children with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19, there was no evidence that recovery differed after primary treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) alone, IVIG plus glucocorticoids, or glucocorticoids alone.

18 Jun, 2021 | 08:36h | UTC

Treatment of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children – New England Journal of Medicine

Editorial: Immunotherapy for MIS-C — IVIG, Glucocorticoids, and Biologics

Commentaries: Steroids may be effective treatment for COVID-19 complications in children – Imperial College London AND Expert reaction to study looking at treatments for COVID-19 complications in children – Science Media Centre

 


Audio Interview: potential treatments for children with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19.

18 Jun, 2021 | 08:33h | UTC

Audio Interview: Covid-19 in Children – New England Journal of Medicine

 


Cohort study: Among children with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19, initial treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) plus glucocorticoids was associated with a lower risk of new or persistent cardiovascular dysfunction than IVIG alone.

18 Jun, 2021 | 08:35h | UTC

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children — Initial Therapy and Outcomes – New England Journal of Medicine

Editorial: Immunotherapy for MIS-C — IVIG, Glucocorticoids, and Biologics

 


Cohort study showed that the incidence of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) was 316 persons per 1 000 000 SARS-CoV-2 infections in persons younger than 21 years. The incidence was higher among Black, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian or Pacific Islander persons.

14 Jun, 2021 | 08:48h | UTC

Incidence of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Among US Persons Infected With SARS-CoV-2 – JAMA Network Open

Commentary: MIS-C Incidence 316 Persons Per 1 Million SARS-CoV-2 Infections – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


In youth, COVID-19 causes more complications than flu; fatality is rare.

9 Jun, 2021 | 08:23h | UTC

In youth, COVID-19 causes more complications than flu; fatality is rare – Columbia University Irving Medical Center

Original study: 30-Day Outcomes of Children and Adolescents With COVID-19: An International Experience – Pediatrics

 


Underlying medical conditions associated with severe COVID-19 illness among children – the strongest risk factors for hospitalization were chronic and complex chronic diseases, type 1 diabetes, and obesity.

8 Jun, 2021 | 09:37h | UTC

Underlying Medical Conditions Associated With Severe COVID-19 Illness Among Children – JAMA Network Open

Commentaries: Underlying illness, respiratory infection raise risk for severe COVID in kids – CIDRAP AND COVID-19 in Children—Not Just Little Adults – JAMA Network Open

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Synopsis | Updates to the Pediatrics Asthma Management Guidelines.

8 Jun, 2021 | 09:22h | UTC

Updates to the Pediatrics Asthma Management Guidelines – JAMA Pediatrics (free for a limited period)

Original Guideline: 2020 Focused Updates to the Asthma Management Guidelines: A Report from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Coordinating Committee Expert Panel Working Group

 


Cohort study showed good recovery for most children 6 months after Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS-TS) associated with SARS-CoV-2.

3 Jun, 2021 | 11:06h | UTC

6-month multidisciplinary follow-up and outcomes of patients with paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS-TS) at a UK tertiary paediatric hospital: a retrospective cohort study – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

Commentary: Most severe effects of MIS-C in children typically resolve within six months, new research suggests – CNN AND Children who developed a rare inflammation disease after COVID-19 are mostly better after 6 months, but some still suffer fatigue and anxiety, a small UK study found – Insider AND Most severe effects of PIMS-TS resolved at six months – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Among children with protracted bacterial bronchitis, a 4-week course of amoxicillin–clavulanate is not better than a 2-week course in achieving clinical cure by 28 days.

31 May, 2021 | 08:02h | UTC

Duration of amoxicillin-clavulanate for protracted bacterial bronchitis in children (DACS): a multi-centre, double blind, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine

Commentary: Four weeks of antibiotics for kids’ chronic cough no better than 2, study finds – CIDRAP

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


ERS clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis of asthma in children aged 5–16 years.

20 May, 2021 | 08:21h | UTC

European Respiratory Society clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis of asthma in children aged 5–16 years – European Respiratory Journal

 


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