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Antibiotic Stewardship

The WSES/SICG/ACOI/SICUT/AcEMC/SIFIPAC guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute left colonic diverticulitis in the elderly.

24 Jan, 2022 | 08:24h | UTC

The WSES/SICG/ACOI/SICUT/AcEMC/SIFIPAC guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute left colonic diverticulitis in the elderly – World Journal of Emergency Surgery

Related:

ACP Guideline: Diagnosis and management of acute left-sided colonic diverticulitis.

Review: Changing paradigms in the management of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.

RCT: Another study shows that non-antibiotic outpatient treatment in mild acute diverticulitis is safe.

Review: Elective surgical management of diverticulitis

State of the Art Review | Management of colonic diverticulitis

Drains, germs, or steel: Multidisciplinary management of acute colonic diverticulitis

Diverticulitis: Observational study in outpatients suggests amoxicillin-clavulanate is a safe and effective option compared with metronidazole-fluoroquinolone

Randomized trial: Laparoscopic lavage vs. primary resection for perforated purulent diverticulitis; similar long-term results, but recurrence was more common after laparoscopic lavage

Randomized trial: In patients with recurrent, complicated, or persistent painful diverticulitis, sigmoid resection improved quality of life but was associated with a small but significant risk of major complications

Systematic review: Management of colonic diverticulitis

WSES Guidelines for the Management of Acute Colonic Diverticulitis

ASCRS Guidelines for the Treatment of Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis

 


AHA Statement: Oral penicillin, not injectable, advised for people with high-risk rheumatic heart disease.

24 Jan, 2022 | 08:21h | UTC

News Release: Oral penicillin, not injectable, advised for people with high-risk rheumatic heart disease – American Heart Association

See Guidance: Penicillin Reactions in Patients With Severe Rheumatic Heart Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association – Journal of the American Heart Association

 


M-A: No difference in outcomes with Beta-lactam monotherapy vs. combination therapy for bloodstream infections or pneumonia due to P. aeruginosa.

21 Jan, 2022 | 09:37h | UTC

Beta-lactam monotherapy or combination therapy for bloodstream infections or pneumonia due to P. aeruginosa: a meta-analysis – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Global burden of bacterial antimicrobial resistance in 2019: a systematic analysis.

20 Jan, 2022 | 09:17h | UTC

Global burden of bacterial antimicrobial resistance in 2019: a systematic analysis – The Lancet

News Release: An estimated 1.2 million people died in 2019 from antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, more deaths than HIV/AIDS or malaria – The Lancet

Editorial: Antimicrobial resistance: time to repurpose the Global Fund – The Lancet

Commentary: Antimicrobial resistance now a leading cause of death worldwide, study finds – The Guardian

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Among patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection, the use of SER-109, an oral microbiome therapy, reduced recurrence rate compared to placebo (12% vs. 40%).

20 Jan, 2022 | 09:11h | UTC

SER-109, an Oral Microbiome Therapy for Recurrent Clostridioides difficile Infection – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


RCT: In children with community-acquired pneumonia, outpatient antibiotic therapy for 5 days resulted in similar clinical response rates compared to a standard 10-day strategy.

19 Jan, 2022 | 08:39h | UTC

Short- vs Standard-Course Outpatient Antibiotic Therapy for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children: The SCOUT-CAP Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Pediatrics (free for a limited period)

Commentaries:

Trial finds 5 days of antibiotics superior to 10 for kids with pneumonia – CIDRAP

Shorter antibiotics treatment is better for young children with outpatient pneumonia – Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Related:

ACP Guidance: Appropriate Use of Short-Course Antibiotics in Common Infections

RCT: 5 days of high-dose amoxicillin therapy noninferior to 10 days for the treatment of pediatric community-acquired pneumonia

RCT: Among children with community-acquired pneumonia discharged within 48 hours from the ED or hospital, lower-dose outpatient oral amoxicillin was noninferior to a higher dose, and a 3-day duration course was noninferior to 7 days.

Treatment of urinary tract infections in infants <2 Months: A Living Systematic Review – short and long duration of parenteral antibiotics were associated with a similar risk of UTI recurrence.

RCT: 7 days of antibiotic therapy as good as 14 days for afebrile men with urinary tract infection.

Randomized Trial: Seven vs. Fourteen Days of Antibiotic Therapy for Uncomplicated Gram-negative Bacteremia

Meta-Analysis: Efficacy of Short-Course Antibiotic Treatments for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

 


RCT: Prolonging prophylactic intravenous antibiotic regimens not beneficial after endoprosthetic reconstruction for lower extremity bone tumors.

19 Jan, 2022 | 08:37h | UTC

Comparison of Prophylactic Intravenous Antibiotic Regimens After Endoprosthetic Reconstruction for Lower Extremity Bone Tumors: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Oncology

Commentary: No Benefit Seen With Longer Antibiotic Course After Surgery for Bone Tumors – Cancer Therapy Advisor

 


Systematic Review: Intermittent prophylactic antibiotics for bronchiectasis.

19 Jan, 2022 | 08:33h | UTC

Intermittent prophylactic antibiotics for bronchiectasis – Cochrane Library

Summary: Long term antibiotics taken at regular intervals by people with bronchiectasis – Cochrane Library

 


Clinical practice guidelines for therapeutic drug monitoring of teicoplanin.

19 Jan, 2022 | 08:27h | UTC

Clinical practice guidelines for therapeutic drug monitoring of teicoplanin: a consensus review by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and the Japanese Society of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring – Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

 


ACP Guideline: Diagnosis and management of acute left-sided colonic diverticulitis.

18 Jan, 2022 | 09:38h | UTC

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Clinical Guideline From the American College of Physicians – Annals of Internal Medicine

Related Guideline: Colonoscopy for Diagnostic Evaluation and Interventions to Prevent Recurrence After Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Clinical Guideline From the American College of Physicians – Annals of Internal Medicine

Related Systematic Reviews:

Diagnostic Imaging and Medical Management of Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine

Evaluation and Management After Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine

Annals Video Summary: Diagnostic Imaging and Medical Management of Acute Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine

News Release: ACP releases two new clinical guidelines on the diagnosis and management of diverticulitis – American College of Physicians

 


Cluster-randomized trial: Antiseptic bathing with 2% chlorhexidine-impregnated cloths and 0.08% octenidine wash mitts were not effective for preventing central-line associated bloodstream infections in intensive care patients.

18 Jan, 2022 | 09:18h | UTC

Effect of antiseptic bathing with chlorhexidine or octenidine on central-line associated bloodstream infections in intensive care patients: a cluster-randomised controlled trial – Clinical Microbiology and Infection

 


Cohort Study: Patient factors associated with appendectomy within 30 days of initiating antibiotic treatment for appendicitis – the presence of an appendicolith was associated with a nearly 2-fold increased risk of undergoing appendectomy within 30 days.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:39h | UTC

Patient Factors Associated With Appendectomy Within 30 Days of Initiating Antibiotic Treatment for Appendicitis – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Invited commentary: Appendicoliths, Antibiotic Treatment Failure, and Appendectomy—Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? – JAMA Surgery

 


Review: Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:38h | UTC

Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Infections: A Review – JAMA (free for a limited period)

 


The Antifungal Pipeline: Fosmanogepix, Ibrexafungerp, Olorofim, Opelconazole, and Rezafungin.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:17h | UTC

The Antifungal Pipeline: Fosmanogepix, Ibrexafungerp, Olorofim, Opelconazole, and Rezafungin – Drugs

 


Cohort Study: In preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24-31 weeks, antibiotic prophylaxis based on third-generation cephalosporin may be associated with improved perinatal outcomes compared to amoxicillin.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:10h | UTC

Antibiotic prophylaxis in preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24-31 weeks’ gestation: perinatal and 2-year outcomes in the EPIPAGE-2 cohort – BJOG (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Systematic Review: The effectiveness and safety of treatments for recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.

11 Jan, 2022 | 02:24h | UTC

Treatment for recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (thrush) – Cochrane Library

Summary: The effectiveness and safety of treatments for recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (thrush) – Cochrane Library

 


Systematic Review: First-generation cephalosporins for the treatment of complicated upper urinary tract infection in adults.

11 Jan, 2022 | 02:23h | UTC

First-generation cephalosporins for the treatment of complicated upper urinary tract infection in adults: A systematic literature review – International Journal of Infectious Diseases

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study: Ciprofloxacin exposure during pregnancy was not associated with miscarriage or major malformations in a nationwide study from Denmark.

11 Jan, 2022 | 02:08h | UTC

Ciprofloxacin exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a Danish nationwide cohort study – BJOG (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Guideline: Prevention, diagnosis, and management of post-surgical mediastinitis in adults.

17 Dec, 2021 | 08:41h | UTC

Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Post-Surgical Mediastinitis in Adults Consensus Guidelines of the Spanish Society of Cardiovascular Infections (SEICAV), the Spanish Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (SECTCV) and the Biomedical Research Centre Network for Respiratory Diseases (CIBERES) – Journal of Clinical Medicine

 


Year In Review: Top Non-COVID Infectious Diseases Articles Of 2021.

17 Dec, 2021 | 08:36h | UTC

Year In Review: Top Non-COVID Infectious Diseases Articles Of 2021 – IDStewardship

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Recommendations for antibiotic selection for severe nosocomial infections.

16 Dec, 2021 | 09:40h | UTC

Recommendations for antibiotic selection for severe nosocomial infections – Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia

 


Antibiotics in critically ill children—a narrative review on different aspects of a rational approach.

16 Dec, 2021 | 08:53h | UTC

Antibiotics in critically ill children—a narrative review on different aspects of a rational approach – Pediatric Research

 


Expert consensus and practical guidance: A global perspective on improving patient care in uncomplicated urinary tract infection.

15 Dec, 2021 | 08:33h | UTC

A global perspective on improving patient care in uncomplicated urinary tract infection: Expert consensus and practical guidance – Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance

 


Review: Diagnosis and management of acute appendicitis in adults.

15 Dec, 2021 | 08:28h | UTC

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Appendicitis in Adults: A Review – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Author Interview: Current Management of Acute Appendicitis: Antibiotics or Surgical Intervention

Commentary: Antibiotics can be first-line therapy for uncomplicated appendicitis cases – Duke University Medical Center

 


Infectious diseases learning pearls from inpatient ID consults.

15 Dec, 2021 | 08:22h | UTC

ID Learning Units from Inpatient ID Consults – HIV and ID Observations

 


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