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Pediatrics – Neonatal/Perinatal

Review | Aerosol delivery of lung surfactant and nasal CPAP in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

19 Sep, 2022 | 12:29h | UTC

Aerosol Delivery of Lung Surfactant and Nasal CPAP in the Treatment of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome – Frontiers in Medicine

 


RCT | Among neonates with probable bacterial infection, switching from intravenous to oral antibiotics (amoxicillin–clavulanic acid) was noninferior to a full course of intravenous antibiotics and resulted in shorter hospitalization (median duration of 3.4 vs. 6.8 days).

16 Sep, 2022 | 12:59h | UTC

Efficacy and safety of switching from intravenous to oral antibiotics (amoxicillin–clavulanic acid) versus a full course of intravenous antibiotics in neonates with probable bacterial infection (RAIN): a multicentre, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Dutch team devise less painful ‘drip and drink’ antibiotics treatment for babies – Dutch News

 

Commentaries on Twitter

(Thread – click for more)

 


Cluster RCT | Tighter vs. less tight glycemic targets for women with gestational diabetes mellitus for reducing maternal and perinatal morbidity.

13 Sep, 2022 | 13:21h | UTC

Tighter or less tight glycaemic targets for women with gestational diabetes mellitus for reducing maternal and perinatal morbidity: A stepped-wedge, cluster-randomised trial – PLOS Medicine

 


Cluster RCT | Umbilical cord milking may improve health in non-vigorous term and near-term infants.

8 Sep, 2022 | 14:47h | UTC

News Release: Umbilical cord milking may improve health in non-vigorous term and near-term infants – NIH News Releases

Original Study: Umbilical cord milking in non-vigorous infants: A cluster-randomized crossover trial – American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study | Associations between maternal antenatal corticosteroid treatment and psychological developmental and neurosensory disorders in children.

6 Sep, 2022 | 14:26h | UTC

Associations Between Maternal Antenatal Corticosteroid Treatment and Psychological Developmental and Neurosensory Disorders in Children – JAMA Network Open

Commentary: Toxicity of antenatal steroids on the developing brain – Neonatal Research

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Perspective | Should less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) become routine practice in US neonatal units?

29 Aug, 2022 | 11:59h | UTC

Should less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) become routine practice in US neonatal units? – Pediatric Research

Related:

RCT: In preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome, surfactant administration via a thin catheter did not improve outcomes.

Systematic Review: Surfactant therapy via thin catheter in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome is associated with reduced risk of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia, less intubation in the first 72 hours, and reduced incidence of major complications and in‐hospital mortality.

 


Cohort Study | Characteristics of prescription opioid analgesics in pregnancy and risk of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome in newborns.

25 Aug, 2022 | 12:02h | UTC

Characteristics of Prescription Opioid Analgesics in Pregnancy and Risk of Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome in Newborns – JAMA Network Open

 


Cohort Study | Analysis of neonatal neurobehavior and developmental outcomes among preterm infants.

25 Aug, 2022 | 11:51h | UTC

Analysis of Neonatal Neurobehavior and Developmental Outcomes Among Preterm Infants – JAMA Network Open

Invited commentary: Neurobehavior in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit—Window to the Future? – JAMA Network Open

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Trends in active treatment of live-born neonates between 22 weeks 0 days and 25 weeks 6 days by gestational age and maternal race and ethnicity in the US, 2014 to 2020.

18 Aug, 2022 | 12:32h | UTC

Trends in Active Treatment of Live-born Neonates Between 22 Weeks 0 Days and 25 Weeks 6 Days by Gestational Age and Maternal Race and Ethnicity in the US, 2014 to 2020 – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries:

Study finds racial, ethnic disparities in rate of medical intervention among earliest premature babies – The Ohio State University

Active Treatment for Extremely Preterm Babies on the Rise — Yet researchers find racial and ethnic disparities in treatment initiation – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study | Neonatal outcomes of mothers with a disability.

11 Aug, 2022 | 11:49h | UTC

Neonatal Outcomes of Mothers With a Disability – Pediatrics

Commentary: Risk for Complications Increased for Newborns of Moms With Disability – HealthDay

 


AAP Guideline Update | Management of hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn infant 35 or more weeks of gestation.

9 Aug, 2022 | 13:00h | UTC

Clinical Practice Guideline Revision: Management of Hyperbilirubinemia in the Newborn Infant 35 or More Weeks of Gestation – Pediatrics

News Release: American Academy of Pediatrics Revises Clinical Guidelines for Preventing, Treating, and Monitoring Hyperbilirubinemia in Newborns – American Academy of Pediatrics

 


Retrospective Cohort Study | Retrospective evaluation of ophthalmological and neurological outcomes for infants born before 24 weeks gestational age.

8 Aug, 2022 | 11:24h | UTC

Retrospective evaluation of ophthalmological and neurological outcomes for infants born before 24 weeks gestational age in a Swedish cohort – BMJ Open

 


Brief Review | Lung ultrasound for the diagnosis and management of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

4 Aug, 2022 | 13:45h | UTC

Lung Ultrasound for the Diagnosis and Management of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Minireview – Frontiers in Pediatrics

 


Guideline | Role of IVIG in the management of Rh- and ABO-mediated hemolytic disease of the newborn.

2 Aug, 2022 | 12:18h | UTC

International guidelines regarding the role of IVIG in the management of Rh- and ABO-mediated haemolytic disease of the newborn – British Journal of Haematology

 


RCT | Effect of intravitreal Aflibercept vs. Laser Photocoagulation on treatment success of retinopathy of prematurity.

27 Jul, 2022 | 12:01h | UTC

Effect of Intravitreal Aflibercept vs Laser Photocoagulation on Treatment Success of Retinopathy of Prematurity: The FIREFLEYE Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

See also: Visual Abstract

 


Cohort Study | Association of polycystic ovary syndrome with offspring morbidity.

18 Jul, 2022 | 10:58h | UTC

Association of PCOS with offspring morbidity: a longitudinal cohort study – Human Endocrinology

News Release: PCOS in mothers is linked to increased risk of health problems in their children – European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

 


Randomized trials in maternal and perinatal health in low and middle-income countries from 2010 to 2019: a systematic scoping review.

15 Jul, 2022 | 12:22h | UTC

Randomised trials in maternal and perinatal health in low and middle-income countries from 2010 to 2019: a systematic scoping review – BMJ Open

 


RCT | Erythropoietin not beneficial for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborns.

14 Jul, 2022 | 12:42h | UTC

Trial of Erythropoietin for Hypoxic–Ischemic Encephalopathy in Newborns – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Review | Neonatal acute kidney injury.

14 Jul, 2022 | 12:21h | UTC

Neonatal Acute Kidney Injury – Frontiers in Pediatrics

 


M-A | Antithyroid drug therapy in pregnancy and risk of congenital anomalies.

8 Jul, 2022 | 11:36h | UTC

Antithyroid drug therapy in pregnancy and risk of congenital anomalies: Systematic review and meta-analysis – Clinical Endocrinology

 


Registry-based cohort study | Neonatal morbidity after fetal exposure to antipsychotics.

6 Jul, 2022 | 11:24h | UTC

Neonatal morbidity after fetal exposure to antipsychotics – BMJ Open


Development and validation of a prediction model for perinatal arterial ischemic stroke in term neonates.

6 Jul, 2022 | 11:21h | UTC

Development and Validation of a Prediction Model for Perinatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke in Term Neonates – JAMA Network Open


Systematic Review | Maternal and child outcomes associated with the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children.

6 Jul, 2022 | 11:11h | UTC

Maternal and Child Outcomes Associated With the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality


Spanish guide for neonatal stabilization and resuscitation.

1 Jul, 2022 | 11:24h | UTC

Spanish guide for neonatal stabilization and resuscitation 2021 – Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)

 


AAP Policy Statement: Breastfeeding and the use of human milk.

29 Jun, 2022 | 12:13h | UTC

Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk – Pediatrics

News Release: American Academy of Pediatrics Calls for More Support for Breastfeeding Mothers Within Updated Policy Recommendations

 


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