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Pediatrics – Neonatal/Perinatal

RCT | Monitoring of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation to guide oxygen delivery in preterm neonates did not improve outcomes

25 Jan, 2023 | 11:23h | UTC

Cerebral regional tissue Oxygen Saturation to Guide Oxygen Delivery in preterm neonates during immediate transition after birth (COSGOD III): multicentre randomised phase 3 clinical trial – The BMJ

 


M-A | Diagnostic value of four biomarkers in detecting neonatal sepsis in low- and middle-income countries

24 Jan, 2023 | 14:21h | UTC

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the diagnostic value of four biomarkers in detecting neonatal sepsis in low- and middle-income countries – BMJ Paediatrics Open

 


Gestational age at birth and cognitive outcomes in adolescence: population based full sibling cohort study

19 Jan, 2023 | 14:27h | UTC

Gestational age at birth and cognitive outcomes in adolescence: population based full sibling cohort study – The BMJ

Editorial: Gestational age at birth and school performance – The BMJ

News Release: Premature birth linked to poorer school grades in adolescence – BMJ

 


AAP Clinical Report | Congenital hypothyroidism: screening and management

17 Jan, 2023 | 13:31h | UTC

Congenital Hypothyroidism: Screening and Management – Pediatrics

Technical Report: Congenital Hypothyroidism: Screening and Management – Pediatrics

Commentary: Clinical Report Addresses Screening, Management of Congenital Hypothyroidism – HealthDay

 


A before-and-after evaluation of a national quality improvement program to increase the uptake of magnesium sulfate in preterm deliveries

17 Jan, 2023 | 13:14h | UTC

National PReCePT Programme: a before-and-after evaluation of the implementation of a national quality improvement programme to increase the uptake of magnesium sulfate in preterm deliveries – ADC Fetal & Neonatal

News Release: Study finds program to prevent cerebral palsy in premature babies is effective – University of Bristol

 


Review | Transmission of Group B Streptococcus in late-onset neonatal disease

9 Jan, 2023 | 14:05h | UTC

Transmission of Group B Streptococcus in late-onset neonatal disease: a narrative review of current evidence – Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease

 


SR | BNP and NT-proBNP for the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates.

14 Dec, 2022 | 14:49h | UTC

Brain natriuretic peptide and N‐terminal brain natriuretic peptide for the diagnosis of haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates – Cochrane Library

Summary: In preterm infants, how accurate are the blood tests BNP and NT-proBNP in identifying PDAs (patent ductus arteriosus) that require further treatment? – Cochrane Library

 


Respiratory distress syndrome management in resource limited settings — Current evidence and opportunities.

12 Dec, 2022 | 12:18h | UTC

Respiratory distress syndrome management in resource limited settings—Current evidence and opportunities in 2022 – Frontiers in Pediatrics

 


Cohort Study | Comparative safety of antiseizure medication monotherapy in pregnancy for major malformations.

9 Dec, 2022 | 13:10h | UTC

Comparative safety of antiseizure medication monotherapy for major malformations – Annals of Neurology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Children Exposed to Valproate and Topiramate Before Birth at Higher Risk of Major Congenital Malformations – Neurology Today

Related:

Risks of 23 Specific Malformations Associated with Prenatal Exposure to 10 Antiepileptic Drugs

Research: Topiramate Use Early in Pregnancy and the Risk of Oral Clefts

Cohort Study: Association of prenatal exposure to antiseizure medication with risk of autism and intellectual disability.

Diagnosis and management of individuals with Fetal Valproate Spectrum Disorder; a consensus statement from the European Reference Network for Congenital Malformations and Intellectual Disability – Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases

Thirteen UK healthcare bodies launch ‘pragmatic’ guidance on valproate use – Royal College of General Practitioners

Association of Prenatal Exposure to Valproate and Other Antiepileptic Drugs With Risk for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring – JAMA Network Open

Educational attainment of children born to mothers with epilepsy – Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Cohort Study | Association of in utero antipsychotic medication exposure with risk of congenital malformations.

8 Dec, 2022 | 13:00h | UTC

Association of In Utero Antipsychotic Medication Exposure With Risk of Congenital Malformations in Nordic Countries and the US – JAMA Psychiatry (free for a limited period)

Related:

Association of antipsychotic drug exposure in pregnancy with risk of neurodevelopmental disorders: a national birth cohort study.

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study | Obstetric and perinatal outcomes of singleton births following single- vs. double-embryo transfer.

6 Dec, 2022 | 13:45h | UTC

Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes of Singleton Births Following Single- vs Double-Embryo Transfer in Sweden – JAMA Pediatrics

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


2022 International Consensus on CPR and emergency cardiovascular care science with treatment recommendations.

5 Dec, 2022 | 00:25h | UTC

2022 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations: Summary From the Basic Life Support; Advanced Life Support; Pediatric Life Support; Neonatal Life Support; Education, Implementation, and Teams; and First Aid Task Forces – Resuscitation

 


Review | The complex challenge of antenatal steroid therapy nonresponsiveness.

29 Nov, 2022 | 13:52h | UTC

The complex challenge of antenatal steroid therapy nonresponsiveness – American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology

 


WHO recommendations for care of the preterm or low-birth-weight infant.

27 Nov, 2022 | 22:31h | UTC

WHO recommendations for care of the preterm or low-birth-weight infant – World Health Organization

News Release: Launch of the WHO recommendations for care of the preterm or low birth weight infant – World Health Organization

Commentary: Skin to Skin Contact between Mothers and Preterm, Underweight Babies Improve Chances of Survival, says WHO – Health Policy Watch

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


SR | Masks vs. prongs as interfaces for nasal continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants.

16 Nov, 2022 | 13:31h | UTC

Masks versus prongs as interfaces for nasal continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants – Cochrane Library

Summary: Nasal masks versus nasal prongs for continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants – Cochrane Library

 


Editorial | The urgent need to recognize and properly address prenatal-onset group B Streptococcus disease.

10 Nov, 2022 | 13:59h | UTC

The urgent need to recognize and properly address prenatal-onset group B Streptococcus disease – International Journal of Infectious Diseases

 


RCT | Early amino acids in extremely preterm infants did improve neurodisability at 2 Years.

7 Nov, 2022 | 12:52h | UTC

Early Amino Acids in Extremely Preterm Infants and Neurodisability at 2 Years – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Extra Parenteral Amino Acids No Benefit for Extremely Preterm Infants – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study | Low Apgar score and asphyxia complications at birth and risk of longer-term cardiovascular disease.

4 Nov, 2022 | 13:31h | UTC

Low Apgar score and asphyxia complications at birth and risk of longer-term cardiovascular disease: A nationwide population-based study of term infants – The Lancet Regional Health – Europe

News Release: Oxygen deprivation at birth could increase risk of cardiovascular disease – Karolinska Institutet

 


Cohort Study | Association of maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy with child growth.

3 Nov, 2022 | 13:51h | UTC

Association of Maternal Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy With Child Growth – JAMA Network Open

Commentaries:

Expert reaction to study looking at caffeine in pregnancy and child height – Science Media Centre

Even a Little Coffee in Pregnancy Might Stunt a Child’s Growth – HealthDay

Is maternal caffeine consumption associated with child growth, and are such associations present in low-consumption groups? – News Medical

Related:

Relationship between maternal caffeine and coffee intake and pregnancy loss: A grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation-assessed, dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies – Frontiers in Nutrition

Cohort study: Even small amounts of Caffeine consumption in pregnancy were linked to smaller neonatal birth size

Maternal caffeine consumption and pregnancy outcomes: A narrative review with implications for advice to mothers and mothers-to-be

Cohort Study: Associations of Maternal Caffeine Intake with Birth Outcomes

 


Opinion | Time to stop placebo injections in neonatal research projects.

3 Nov, 2022 | 13:48h | UTC

Time to stop placebo injections in neonatal research projects – Neonatal Research

 


RCT | A multicomponent intervention at preconception, pregnancy, and early childhood can improve child health at 24 months.

1 Nov, 2022 | 11:51h | UTC

Impact of a package of health, nutrition, psychosocial support, and WaSH interventions delivered during preconception, pregnancy, and early childhood periods on birth outcomes and on linear growth at 24 months of age: factorial, individually randomised controlled trial – The BMJ

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Systematic Review | Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies.

28 Oct, 2022 | 13:23h | UTC

Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies – Cochrane Library

Summary: Support for breastfeeding mothers – Cochrane Library

 


Cohort Study | Maternal hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and mortality in offspring from birth to young adulthood.

27 Oct, 2022 | 12:31h | UTC

Maternal hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and mortality in offspring from birth to young adulthood: national population based cohort study – The BMJ

News Release: Blood pressure disorder in pregnancy linked to heightened risk of death in offspring – BMJ Newsroom

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Caffeine to prevent intermittent hypoxemia in late preterm infants: randomized controlled dosage trial.

21 Oct, 2022 | 12:49h | UTC

Caffeine to prevent intermittent hypoxaemia in late preterm infants: randomised controlled dosage trial – ADC Fetal & Neonatal

Summary: What dose of caffeine to use? – Neonatal Research

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT | Moderate vs. intensive pushing during the active phase of the 2nd stage of labor among nulliparous women with an epidural.

18 Oct, 2022 | 12:56h | UTC

Alternative to intensive management of the active phase of the second stage of labor: a multicenter randomized trial (Phase Active du Second STade trial) among nulliparous women with an epidural – American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


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