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Endocrinology

Management of Diabetes Mellitus in patients with CKD: Core Curriculum 2022.

17 Oct, 2021 | 21:23h | UTC

Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Patients With CKD: Core Curriculum 2022 – American Journal of Kidney Diseases

 


FDA issues food industry guidance for reduction of sodium in processed and packaged foods.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:29h | UTC

News Release: To Improve Nutrition and Reduce the Burden of Disease, FDA Issues Food Industry Guidance for Voluntarily Reducing Sodium in Processed and Packaged Foods – U.S. Food & Drug Administration

Guidance for Industry: Voluntary Sodium Reduction Goals – U.S. Food & Drug Administration

Commentaries:

FDA Issues New Guidance on Sodium Targets for Food Industry – TCTMD

Reducing Sodium Intake in the US: Healthier Lives, Healthier Future – JAMA

FDA Reduces Recommended Salt Levels in Americans’ Food – HealthDay

FDA guidance to food industry aims to reduce sodium consumption – American Heart Association

New FDA guidance aims to drastically cut salt in food supply – NBC News

 


Former CDC director: Low sodium salt could save millions of lives.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:27h | UTC

Former CDC director: Low sodium salt could save millions of lives – CNN

Related:

Is salt good for you after all? The evidence says no.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

Systematic Review: Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease.

New WHO benchmarks help countries reduce salt intake and save lives.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Meta-Analysis: Effect of Reduction in Dietary Sodium on Blood Pressure Levels

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 


Meta-analysis of cohort studies: High intake of fatty acid in nuts, seeds and plant oils linked to lower risk of death.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:22h | UTC

News release: High intake of fatty acid in nuts, seeds and plant oils linked to lower risk of death – The BMJ

Original study: Dietary intake and biomarkers of alpha linolenic acid and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies – The BMJ

Commentaries:

Current evidence on dietary intakes of fatty acids and mortality – The BMJ

Expert reaction to systematic review and meta-analysis on consumption of dietary fatty acids (alpha linolenic acid) and risk of death – Science Media Centre

Related: Total dietary fat intake, fat quality, and health outcomes: A scoping review of systematic reviews of prospective studies.

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Podcast with Dr Walter Willett: CardioNutrition – Why are findings from prospective, epidemiologic cohort studies important in informing dietary recommendations?

14 Oct, 2021 | 09:49h | UTC

ACC CardiaCast: CardioNutrition – Why Are Findings From Prospective, Epidemiologic Cohort Studies Important In Informing Dietary Recommendations? – American College of Cardiology

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


USPSTF draft statement revises previous guidance and now recommends against initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of CVD in adults aged 60 years or older.

13 Oct, 2021 | 01:36h | UTC

USPSTF Draft Recommendation Statement: Aspirin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Commentaries:

Advice shifting on aspirin use for preventing heart attacks – Associated Press

Taking aspirin to prevent heart attack may cause more harm than good, task force says – NPR

Related Randomized Trials:

Randomized Trial: Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

Randomized Trial: Effects of Aspirin for Primary Prevention in Persons with Diabetes

Randomized Trial: Effect of Aspirin on All-Cause Mortality in the Healthy Elderly

Related Meta-Analysis:

Meta-Analysis: Association of Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention with Cardiovascular Events and Bleeding Events

Meta-Analysis: Efficacy and Safety of Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events

Aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis with a particular focus on subgroups – BMC Medicine

Related Opinions:

Aspirin for Primary Prevention: Is This the End of the Road?

Evidence evolving on aspirin as prevention – ACP Internist

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A: Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation.

13 Oct, 2021 | 01:27h | UTC

Effect of Long-Term Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplementation on the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Randomized Controlled Trials of Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Circulation (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

M-A: Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation increases the risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with lipid disorders.

More data suggests no cardiovascular benefit from Omega-3 supplementation – secondary analysis of STRENGHT trial did not show an association between achieved Omega-3 fatty acid levels and major adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with high cardiovascular risk.

RCT: Omega-3 supplements do not reduce cardiovascular events in elderly patients after myocardial infarction

#AHA20 – Randomized trial: High-dose Omega-3 fatty acids did not reduce the risk of cardiac events in patients at high cardiovascular risk

Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials: Little Benefit from Omega-3 Intake to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Optimal diet for cardiovascular and planetary health.

13 Oct, 2021 | 01:22h | UTC

Optimal diet for cardiovascular and planetary health – Heart

 


Large observational study suggests sleeve gastrectomy may be safer compared to gastric bypass in patients with severe obesity.

7 Oct, 2021 | 10:26h | UTC

Comparative Safety of Sleeve Gastrectomy and Gastric Bypass Up to 5 Years After Surgery in Patients With Severe Obesity – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Commentaries:

Compared to What?—Novel Methods to Approach Randomization for Long-term Bariatric Surgery Outcomes – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Of two common weight loss surgeries, one is safer but less effective – Michigan Medicine

Related:

Different risks and benefits leading to similar costs after sleeve gastrectomy and roux-en-y gastric bypass.

Laparoscopic roux-en-y gastric bypass vs. laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: 5-year outcomes of merged data from two randomized clinical trials

Randomized trial: no difference in quality of life and slightly greater weight loss with roux-en-y gastric bypass compared to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy at 7 years

Cohort study: comparing the 5-year diabetes outcomes of sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass

Cohort study: interventions and operations 5 years after bariatric surgery

Cohort study: risk of operative and nonoperative interventions after roux-en-y gastric bypass vs. vertical sleeve gastrectomy

Randomized trial: gastric bypass superior to sleeve gastrectomy for remission of type 2 diabetes

Research: laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy vs laparoscopic roux-en-y gastric bypass

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


The diagnosis and management of endocrine side effects of immune checkpoint inhibitors.

6 Oct, 2021 | 08:44h | UTC

The Diagnosis and Management of Endocrine Side Effects of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors – Deutsches Ärzteblatt International

Related: Review: Endocrine complications of immunotherapies

 


COVID-19 and metabolic disease: mechanisms and clinical management.

5 Oct, 2021 | 10:03h | UTC

COVID-19 and metabolic disease: mechanisms and clinical management – The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology

Related: Review | Interplay between endocrinology, metabolism, and COVID-19 infection.

 


Cohort study: Statin therapy initiation linked to increased risk of diabetes progression.

5 Oct, 2021 | 08:56h | UTC

Association of Statin Therapy Initiation With Diabetes Progression: A Retrospective Matched-Cohort Study – JAMA Internal Medicine

Commentaries:

Statin Therapy Initiation and Diabetes Progression – American College of Cardiology

Statin Initiation Linked to Greater Progression of Diabetes – HealthDay

Diabetes progression with initiation of statins – MedicalRessearch.com

Related:

Meta-Analysis: Medications that Reduce or Increase the Risk of New Onset Diabetes

Observational Study Points to an Increased Risk of Diabetes Among Patients Using Statins

Another Observational Study Showing Association of Statin Use with Risk of New‐Onset Diabetes Mellitus

Cohort Study: Statin Use Associated with a 38% Higher Risk of Incident Type 2 Diabetes

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Effects of 30 days of ketogenic diet on body composition, muscle strength, muscle area, metabolism, and performance in semi-professional soccer players.

5 Oct, 2021 | 08:47h | UTC

Effects of 30 days of ketogenic diet on body composition, muscle strength, muscle area, metabolism, and performance in semi-professional soccer players – Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

 


WHO prioritizes access to diabetes and cancer treatments in new Essential Medicines Lists.

3 Oct, 2021 | 22:46h | UTC

News Release: WHO prioritizes access to diabetes and cancer treatments in new Essential Medicines Lists – World Health Organization

Report: WHO model list of essential medicines – 22nd list, 2021 – World Health Organization

Commentary: For the first time, WHO committee recommends action on high-priced essential medicines – STAT

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


ADA Consensus Report: The Management of Type 1 Diabetes in Adults.

3 Oct, 2021 | 22:38h | UTC

The management of type 1 diabetes in adults. A consensus report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) – Diabetologia

News release: New comprehensive Consensus Report to manage type 1 diabetes launched by major diabetes organisations EASD and ADA – American Associatio of Diabetes

Related: Guideline: ADA 2021 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Ketogenic diets in the management of type 1 diabetes: Safe or safety concern?

3 Oct, 2021 | 22:28h | UTC

Ketogenic diets in the management of type 1 diabetes: Safe or safety concern? – Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine

 


M-A: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease linked to increased risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events.

1 Oct, 2021 | 10:19h | UTC

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis – The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Biomarkers of dairy fat intake, incident cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality: A cohort study, systematic review, and meta-analysis.

1 Oct, 2021 | 10:17h | UTC

Biomarkers of dairy fat intake, incident cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality: A cohort study, systematic review, and meta-analysis – PLOS Medicine

Commentaries:

Sticking to low-fat dairy may not be the only heart healthy option, study shows – George Institute for Global Health

Expert reaction to cohort study and review on biomarkers of dairy fat intake, CVD and all-cause mortality – Science Media Centre

People who eat more dairy fat have lower risk of heart disease, study suggests – CNN

 


Total dietary fat intake, fat quality, and health outcomes: A scoping review of systematic reviews of prospective studies.

1 Oct, 2021 | 10:16h | UTC

Total Dietary Fat Intake, Fat Quality, and Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review of Systematic Reviews of Prospective Studies – Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

 


RCT: A structured program of diet and exercise significantly reduced blood pressure and cardiovascular disease biomarkers in patients with resistant hypertension.

30 Sep, 2021 | 10:14h | UTC

Effects of Lifestyle Modification on Patients With Resistant Hypertension: Results of the TRIUMPH Randomized Clinical Trial – Circulation

News release: Healthy changes in diet, activity improved treatment-resistant high blood pressure – American Heart Association

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Interactive Infographic: Milestones in diabetes.

28 Sep, 2021 | 08:58h | UTC

Milestones in diabetes – Nature

 


Podcast: Diabetic Pearls.

28 Sep, 2021 | 08:53h | UTC

#296 Diabetes FAQ with Dr. Jeff Colburn – The Curbsiders

 


Review | Interplay between endocrinology, metabolism, and COVID-19 infection.

24 Sep, 2021 | 10:00h | UTC

Interplay between endocrinology, metabolism, and COVID-19 infection – Clinical Medicine Journal

 


Cohort Study: Insulin resistance linked to increased risk of major depressive disorder.

24 Sep, 2021 | 08:59h | UTC

Incident Major Depressive Disorder Predicted by Three Measures of Insulin Resistance: A Dutch Cohort Study – The American Journal of Psychiatry

Commentaries:

Insulin Levels, BMI in Youth May Be Linked to Psychosis, Depression Risk in Adulthood – Psychiatric News

Insulin Resistance Linked to Major Depressive Disorder, Dutch Study Finds – Psychiatric News Alert

Insulin resistance doubles risk of major depressive disorder – Stanford Medicine

 


AHA Scientific Statement: Weight-loss strategies for prevention and treatment of hypertension.

22 Sep, 2021 | 10:09h | UTC

Weight-Loss Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association – Hypertension

News release: Weight-loss meds, surgery could fight obesity-related high blood pressure – American Heart Association

 


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