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Internal Medicine

Overuse of medications in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:31h | UTC

Overuse of medications in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review – Bulletin of the World Health Organization

 


Cohort Study | Exercise volume vs. intensity and the progression of coronary atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older athletes

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:29h | UTC

Exercise Volume Versus Intensity and the Progression of Coronary Atherosclerosis in Middle-Aged and Older Athletes: Findings From the MARC-2 Study – Circulation

Commentaries:

Exercise Volume vs. Intensity and Coronary Atherosclerosis Progression – American College of Cardiology

Exercise Intensity, Not Volume, Linked to Atherosclerosis Progression in Men – TCTMD

Intense exercise encourages coronary artery calcification – News Medical

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Perspective | Is it time to retire the diagnosis “hypertensive emergency”?

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:26h | UTC

Is it Time to Retire the Diagnosis “Hypertensive Emergency”? – Journal of the American Heart Association

 


RCT | Higher protein dosing did not improve outcomes in critically ill patients with high nutritional risk

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:24h | UTC

The effect of higher protein dosing in critically ill patients with high nutritional risk (EFFORT Protein): an international, multicentre, pragmatic, registry-based randomised trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


RCT | Sodium bicarbonate over 2 years was not beneficial for kidney transplant recipients with metabolic acidosis

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:23h | UTC

Sodium bicarbonate for kidney transplant recipients with metabolic acidosis in Switzerland: a multicentre, randomised, single-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Association between healthy lifestyle and memory decline in older adults: 10 year, population based, prospective cohort study

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:21h | UTC

Association between healthy lifestyle and memory decline in older adults: 10 year, population based, prospective cohort study – The BMJ

Editorial: Healthy lifestyles for dementia prevention – The BMJ

News Release: Healthy lifestyle linked to slower memory decline in older adults – BMJ Newsroom

 


Guideline | Remission of type 2 diabetes

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:18h | UTC

Remission of Type 2 Diabetes: Diabetes Canada Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Working Group – Canadian Journal of Diabetes

User’s Guide: Remission of Type 2 Diabetes – Canadian Journal of Diabetes

 


CT imaging of the larynx for may be a tool for the diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:13h | UTC

Computed Tomography Imaging of the Larynx for Diagnosis of Vocal Cord Dysfunction – NEJM Evidence (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


SR | Barriers and facilitators to deprescribing of cardiovascular medications

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:09h | UTC

Barriers and facilitators to deprescribing of cardiovascular medications: a systematic review – BMJ Open

Related:

Facing the challenge of polypharmacy when prescribing for older people with cardiovascular disease. A review by the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy – European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy

Deprescribing in Older Adults with Cardiovascular Disease – Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Multimorbidity in Older Adults with Cardiovascular Disease – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology

 


Cohort Study | Incidence and impact of anticoagulation-associated abnormal menstrual bleeding after VTE

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:04h | UTC

Incidence and impact of anticoagulation-associated abnormal menstrual bleeding in women after venous thromboembolism – Blood

Invited Commentary: The burden of heavy menstrual bleeding – Blood

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review | The blood–brain barrier and optimization of antibiotics for the treatment of CNS infections in adults

27 Jan, 2023 | 11:55h | UTC

The Blood–Brain Barrier and Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Optimization of Antibiotics for the Treatment of Central Nervous System Infections in Adults – Antibiotics

 


Cohort Study | Dietary exposure to nitrites and nitrates linked to increased risk of type 2 diabetes

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:54h | UTC

Dietary exposure to nitrites and nitrates in association with type 2 diabetes risk: Results from the NutriNet-Santé population-based cohort study – PLOS Medicine

Commentaries:

Expert reaction to study on association of nitrite additives with increased risk of type 2 diabetes – Science Media Centre

What is the association between nitrite and nitrate exposure and type 2 diabetes? – News Medical

Total Nitrite Consumption Tied to Higher Type 2 Diabetes Risk – HealthDay

 


M-A | Dose–response effects of exercise and caloric restriction on visceral adiposity in overweight and obese adults

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:52h | UTC

Dose–response effects of exercise and caloric restriction on visceral adiposity in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials – British Journal of Sports Medicine

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


SR | Protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the omicron variant and severe disease

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:47h | UTC

Protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the omicron variant and severe disease: a systematic review and meta-regression – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Editorial: The benefit of vaccination after previous SARS-CoV-2 infection in the omicron era – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

News Release: University of Calgary and WHO researchers find hybrid immunity is the best protection against COVID-19

Commentaries:

Review finds hybrid immunity provides best protection against Omicron – CIDRAP

Hybrid Immunity Protects Better Against Hospitalisation and Severe COVID Infection – Health Policy Watch

 


Review | Spotlight on vaccine-induced thrombosis and thrombocytopenia (VITT)

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:46h | UTC

Spotlight on vaccine-induced thrombosis and thrombocytopenia (VITT) – Blood

 


FDA warns of risks of body sculpting

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:44h | UTC

FDA Warns of Risks of Body Sculpting – JAMA

Statement: Non-Invasive Body Contouring Technologies – U.S. Food & Drug Administration

 


SR | Oral nutritional interventions in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:25h | UTC

Oral nutritional interventions in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition: a systematic review – Health Technology Assessment

 


The treatment of coronary artery disease: current status six decades after the first bypass operation

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:20h | UTC

The Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease: Current status six decades after the first bypass operation – Deutsches Ärzteblatt international

 


Review | Lung cancer screening: new evidence, updated guidance

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:08h | UTC

Lung cancer screening: New evidence, updated guidance – Journal of Family Practice

 


Review | Asthma management: How the guidelines compare

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:06h | UTC

Asthma management: How the guidelines compare – Journal of Family Practice

 


Cohort Study | Alcohol-related problems before and after metabolic and bariatric surgery in adolescents

26 Jan, 2023 | 12:01h | UTC

A Prospective Cohort of Alcohol use and Alcohol-related Problems Before and After Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery in Adolescents – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

News Release: Problems with Alcohol Increase After Weight-Loss Surgery in Adolescence – Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago

Related Study: Association Between Bariatric Surgery and Alcohol Use–Related Hospitalization and All-Cause Mortality in a Veterans Affairs Cohort – JAMA Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


SR | Does reducing your salt intake help to prevent and treat chronic kidney disease in people with diabetes?

25 Jan, 2023 | 11:30h | UTC

Altered dietary salt intake for preventing diabetic kidney disease and its progression – Cochrane Library

Summary: Does reducing your salt intake help to prevent and treat chronic kidney disease in people with diabetes? – Cochrane Library

 


RCT | Home vs. kiosk vs. clinic blood pressure measurement compared to 24-h ambulatory monitoring

25 Jan, 2023 | 11:28h | UTC

Acceptability and Adherence to Home, Kiosk, and Clinic Blood Pressure Measurement Compared to 24-H Ambulatory Monitoring – Journal of General Internal Medicine

Original Study: Randomized Diagnostic Study: home blood pressure measurements correlate better with 24-h ambulatory monitoring measurements compared to clinic, and kiosk measurements.

Related:

Home blood pressure monitoring: a position statement from the Korean Society of Hypertension Home Blood Pressure Forum – Clinical Hypertension

2021 European Society of Hypertension practice guidelines for office and out-of-office blood pressure measurement – Journal of Hypertension

Current applications and limitations of European guidelines on blood pressure measurement: implications for clinical practice – Internal and Emergency Medicine

Study suggests a 30-second interval between automated office blood pressure measurements is as accurate and reliable as a 60-second interval.

USPSTF Statement recommends screening for hypertension in adults 18 years or older with office blood pressure measurement – diagnostic confirmation with blood pressure measurements outside of the clinical setting is advised before starting treatment

Study suggests that 7 days of home blood pressure monitoring is likely better than 24h ambulatory monitoring or 3 office measurements

 


2023 Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of chronic coronary syndrome

25 Jan, 2023 | 11:25h | UTC

2023 Guidelines of the Taiwan Society of Cardiology on the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Coronary Syndrome – Acta Cardiologica Sinica

Related: 2019 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of chronic coronary syndromes: The Task Force for the diagnosis and management of chronic coronary syndromes of the European Society of Cardiology

 


WHO | Five billion people unprotected from trans-fat leading to heart disease

24 Jan, 2023 | 14:44h | UTC

News Release: Five billion people unprotected from trans fat leading to heart disease – World Health Organization

Report: Countdown to 2023: WHO report on global trans-fat elimination 2022 – World Health Organization

Commentary: Five Billion People Exposed to Industrially Produced Trans Fats – Health Policy Watch

Related:

Brazil and Peru join growing number of countries in the Americas that are eliminating industrially produced trans fats – Pan American Health Association / World Health Organization

WHO: More than 3 billion people protected from harmful trans-fat in their food

Action Package: WHO Plan to Eliminate Trans-fatty Acids from Global Food Supply

WHO Draft Guideline: Saturated Fatty Acid and Trans-fatty Intake for Adults and Children

Banning trans fats in New York prevented thousands of heart attacks

 


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