The Volume and Cost of Quality Metric Reporting – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Author Interview: The Costs of Quality Reporting – JAMA
Study | Uncovering the potential overuse of laboratory tests by combining cost, abnormal result proportion, and physician variation11 Aug, 2023 | 15:34h | UTC
An AI-Enhanced Electronic Health Record Could Boost Primary Care Productivity – JAMA (free for a limited period)
What are effective strategies to reduce low-value care? An analysis of 121 randomized deimplementation studies17 Jul, 2023 | 13:55h | UTC
Cohort Study | Increased revision rates seen in shoulder replacement surgeries by surgeons with less than 10 procedures annually27 Jun, 2023 | 13:48h | UTC
Summary: This prospective cohort study investigated the correlation between surgeon volume and patient outcomes after elective shoulder replacement surgeries. Utilizing data from 39,281 procedures performed by 638 surgeons in UK public and private hospitals between 2012-20, the study focuses on adults aged 18 years or older.
The results indicate a significant connection between a surgeon’s mean annual volume and risk of adverse patient outcomes. Surgeons performing fewer than 10.4 procedures per year demonstrated a significantly increased risk of revision surgery, with the hazard ratio being almost twice as high as that of the lowest risk surgeons. Higher mean annual surgical volume correlated with lower risks of reoperations, fewer serious adverse events, and shorter hospital stays.
These findings suggest the need for strategic resource planning in surgical services, with considerations given to surgeon’s annual procedure volume to improve patient outcomes after shoulder replacement surgery. It should be noted that the study was limited in scope to surgeries performed within the NHS and private hospitals in England. Furthermore, potential confounding factors like patients’ social circumstances, carer availability, or body mass index were not considered.
Article: Association between surgeon volume and patient outcomes after elective shoulder replacement surgery using data from the National Joint Registry and Hospital Episode Statistics for England: population based cohort study – The BMJ
Saving time and money in biomedical publishing: the case for free-format submissions with minimal requirements13 Jun, 2023 | 14:08h | UTC
RCT | Immediate vs. delayed sequential bilateral cataract surgery: non-inferior in safety, higher cost-effectiveness6 Jun, 2023 | 14:41h | UTC
Safety, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of immediate versus delayed sequential bilateral cataract surgery in the Netherlands (BICAT-NL study): a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Quality-improvement intervention | Impact of stopping preoperative screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria2 Jun, 2023 | 12:29h | UTC
Summary: Top POEMs of 2022 for choosing wisely in practice are based on Canadian Medical Association member ratings. These recommendations promote evidence-based and cost-effective clinical practices while reducing unnecessary treatments and diagnostic procedures.
Key recommendations from the article:
- Hypnotic agents are effective for insomnia but have adverse effects; avoid benzodiazepines as the first choice for older adults.
- For type 2 diabetes in older adults, avoid medications causing hypoglycemia to achieve A1c <7.5%; moderate control is better.
- Postoperative opioids provide no better pain relief than nonopioids; avoid prolonged use beyond the immediate postoperative period.
- Arthroscopic debridement is not recommended as the primary treatment for knee osteoarthritis.
- Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use is associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer, although the association is observational and does not imply causation. Use the lowest dose and duration possible.
- For children with community-acquired pneumonia, low-dose amoxicillin for 3 days is noninferior to high-dose for 7 days.
- White blood cells in urine do not equate to bacterial cells; avoid urine dip tests or cultures unless urinary tract symptoms are present.
- Avoid measuring vitamin D in low-risk adults as a routine test.
- Antidepressants should not be routinely used as first-line treatment for mild or subsyndromal depressive symptoms in adults.
- ACG guideline for GERD management: try discontinuing PPIs after an 8-week trial in patients with classic GERD symptoms & no alarming symptoms.
- British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines for IBS management: colonoscopy only for alarming signs or microscopic colitis risk.
- USPSTF advises against ASA initiation for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults >60.
Summary: This study investigated the association between estimated life expectancy, surveillance colonoscopy findings, and follow-up recommendations among older adults. The study utilized data from the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry and included adults over 65 who underwent colonoscopy for surveillance after prior polyps.
Life expectancy was estimated using a validated prediction model and categorized into three groups: less than 5 years, 5 to less than 10 years, and 10 or more years.
Out of the 9,831 adults included in the study, 8% had advanced polyps or CRC. Among the 5,281 patients with available recommendations, 86.9% were advised to return for a future colonoscopy. Surprisingly, 58.1% of older adults with less than 5 years of life expectancy were also recommended to return for future surveillance colonoscopy.
The study concluded that many older adults with limited life expectancy are still recommended for future surveillance colonoscopy. This data could help refine decision-making about pursuing or stopping surveillance colonoscopy in older adults with a history of polyps.
Article: Association of Life Expectancy With Surveillance Colonoscopy Findings and Follow-up Recommendations in Older Adults – JAMA Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
JAMA Patient Page: What Should I Know About Stopping Routine Cancer Screening?
Commentary on Twitter
Findings suggest that recommending against future surveillance colonoscopy in older adults with low-risk colonoscopy findings and/or limited life expectancy should be considered more frequently than is currently practiced. https://t.co/7jKpYyuZON
— JAMA Internal Medicine (@JAMAInternalMed) March 13, 2023
M-A | Low-intensity follow-up after cancer surgery does not reduce patient satisfaction or well-being16 Mar, 2023 | 13:10h | UTC
An overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the effect of medication interventions targeting polypharmacy for frail older adults3 Mar, 2023 | 14:07h | UTC
Summary: This overview of published systematic reviews examined the effectiveness of medication reviews on managing polypharmacy in frail older adults. The overview identified 10 systematic reviews, which included 154 studies. Medication reviews were the most common intervention, and the evidence suggests that they help reduce inappropriate medication use in frail older adults, but their impact on frailty scores and hospital admission is unclear. Pharmacist-led medication interventions were the most common, reducing inappropriate prescriptions in various settings. Tools, such as clinical decision-making computer support tools, were also found to be effective. The evidence quality ranged from moderate to critically low, highlighting the need for further research to establish if interventions directed at polypharmacy could have an impact on frailty syndromes.
A National Modified Delphi Consensus Process to Prioritize Experiences and Interventions for Antipsychotic Medication Deprescribing Among Adult Patients With Critical Illness – Critical Care Explorations
Facing the challenge of polypharmacy when prescribing for older people with cardiovascular disease. A review by the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy – European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
How-to guide for medication reviews in older adults with cancer: A Young International Society of Geriatric Oncology and Nursing & Allied Health Interest Group initiative – Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Summary: The American College of Cardiology (ACC) has released a list of “Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question” in cardiology as part of the Choosing Wisely campaign, which encourages conversations between clinicians and patients about potentially unnecessary tests, treatments, and procedures. The list includes recommendations to:
- Avoid the routine use of invasive hemodynamic monitoring with pulmonary artery catheters in patients with uncomplicated acute decompensated heart failure.
- Avoid performing atrial fibrillation ablation for the sole purpose of discontinuing chronic anticoagulation.
- Avoid routine imaging stress tests or coronary CT angiography for the workup of palpitations or presyncope.
- Avoid obtaining a coronary artery calcium score in patients with known clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
- Avoid obtaining routine serial echocardiograms for chronic heart failure if there has been no change in signs, symptoms, or management.
The recommendations are based on published national guidelines and aim to broadly represent the field of cardiology.
Perspective | Beware of overdiagnosis harms from screening, lower diagnostic thresholds, and incidentalomas27 Feb, 2023 | 13:18h | UTC
Summary: This article discusses the concept of overdiagnosis and its relevance to clinical practice guidelines. Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of a condition that, if unrecognized, would not result in symptoms or cause a patient harm during their lifetime, such as discovering a low-grade cancer that will never lead to symptoms at the end of life. But, unlike false positives, overdiagnosed individuals truly have the condition; they just don’t benefit from the diagnosis. Overdiagnosis can also result from lowering diagnostic thresholds for diagnosing a disease, which inflates diagnosis rates among patients and leads to recommendations for subsequent interventions without clear benefits. The article highlights the importance of providing accurate information to patients about the possibility and burden of overdiagnosis to inform shared decision-making and minimize the harms of screening interventions.
Health technology assessment of diagnostic tests: a state of the art review of methods guidance from international organizations27 Feb, 2023 | 12:34h | UTC
Commentary on Twitter
— BMJ Quality & Safety (@BMJ_Qual_Saf) February 10, 2023