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Thoracic Surgery

RCT | Operative vs. nonoperative treatment of acute unstable chest wall injuries.

22 Sep, 2022 | 13:13h | UTC

Operative vs Nonoperative Treatment of Acute Unstable Chest Wall Injuries: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Invited commentary: Operative Treatment of Acute Unstable Chest Wall Injuries—Let Us All Take a Deep Breath – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Author Interview: Operative vs Nonoperative Treatment of Acute Unstable Chest Wall Injuries – JAMA

Related:

Surgical management of rib fractures after blunt trauma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials – Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England

RCT | Rib fixation is not beneficial for non–ventilator-dependent chest wall injuries.

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT | Anatomical segmentectomy vs. standard lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer up to 2 cm.

6 Sep, 2022 | 14:28h | UTC

Survival outcomes in a prospective randomized multicenter Phase III trial comparing patients undergoing anatomical segmentectomy versus standard lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer up to 2 cm – Lung Cancer

Related:

A guide for managing patients with stage I NSCLC: deciding between lobectomy, segmentectomy, wedge, SBRT and ablation.

Segmentectomy versus lobectomy in small-sized peripheral non-small-cell lung cancer (JCOG0802/WJOG4607L): a multicentre, open-label, phase 3, randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

A Meta-Analysis Comparing Lobectomy versus Segmentectomy in Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer – The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

 


RCT | Comparison of rhomboid intercostal block, erector spinae plane block, and serratus plane block on analgesia for video-assisted thoracic surgery.

5 Sep, 2022 | 14:22h | UTC

Comparison of Rhomboid Intercostal Block, Erector Spinae Plane Block, and Serratus Plane Block on Analgesia for Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial – International Journal of Clinical Practice

 


Characteristics and outcomes of anterior mediastinal cystic lesions diagnosed on chest MRI: implications for management of cystic lesions.

1 Sep, 2022 | 11:41h | UTC

Characteristics and outcomes of anterior mediastinal cystic lesions diagnosed on chest MRI: implications for management of cystic lesions – Insights into Imaging

 


Perspective | Double trouble with double-booking: limitations and dangers of overlapping surgery.

26 Aug, 2022 | 13:22h | UTC

Double trouble with double-booking: limitations and dangers of overlapping surgery – British Journal of Surgery

Related:

Review | The effect of overlapping surgical scheduling on operating theatre productivity.

Study: Association of Overlapping Surgery with Perioperative Outcomes

 


RCT | Rib fixation is not beneficial for non–ventilator-dependent chest wall injuries.

24 Aug, 2022 | 14:03h | UTC

Rib fixation in non–ventilator-dependent chest wall injuries: A prospective randomized trial – Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related: Operative fixation of rib fractures after blunt trauma: A practice management guideline from the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A | How effective is indocyanine green in localization of malignant pulmonary nodules?

16 Aug, 2022 | 13:09h | UTC

How effective is indocyanine green (ICG) in localization of malignant pulmonary nodules? A systematic review and meta-analysis – Frontiers in Surgery

 


RCT | Antiseptic skin agents to prevent surgical site infection after incisional surgery.

8 Aug, 2022 | 11:54h | UTC

Antiseptic Skin Agents to Prevent Surgical Site Infection After Incisional Surgery: A Randomized, Three-armed Combined Non-inferiority and Superiority Clinical Trial (NEWSkin Prep Study) – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

Alcoholic chlorhexidine skin preparation or triclosan-coated sutures to reduce surgical site infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of high-quality randomised controlled trials – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Reducing surgical site infections in low-income and middle-income countries (FALCON): a pragmatic, multicentre, stratified, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet

 


Systematic Review | Impact of low‐dose computed tomography screening on lung cancer‐related mortality.

8 Aug, 2022 | 11:52h | UTC

Impact of low‐dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening on lung cancer‐related mortality – Cochrane Library

Summary: Impact of computed tomography (CT) on lung cancer screening – Cochrane Library

Related:

Association of computed tomography screening with lung cancer stage shift and survival in the United States: quasi-experimental study – The BMJ

Screening for Lung Cancer: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report.

USPSTF Statement: begin screening for lung cancer at age 50 years instead of 55 years for patients at risk

Meta-analysis: Lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography reduces lung cancer–specific mortality, albeit with a tradeoff of likely overdiagnosis

 


RCT | Balloon pulmonary angioplasty versus riociguat for the treatment of inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

8 Aug, 2022 | 11:30h | UTC

Balloon pulmonary angioplasty versus riociguat for the treatment of inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (RACE): a multicentre, phase 3, open-label, randomised controlled trial and ancillary follow-up study – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Position statement | Endoscopic lung volume reduction.

4 Aug, 2022 | 14:10h | UTC

Position statement on endoscopic lung volume reduction in South Africa: 2022 update – African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine

 


M-A | Perioperative care bundles for the prevention of surgical-site infections.

2 Aug, 2022 | 12:30h | UTC

Perioperative care bundles for the prevention of surgical-site infections: meta-analysis – British Journal of Surgery

 


An updated review of subglottic stenosis: etiology, evaluation, and management.

2 Aug, 2022 | 12:08h | UTC

An Updated Review of Subglottic Stenosis: Etiology, Evaluation, and Management – Current Pulmonology Reports (if the link is paywalled, try this one)

 


A guide for managing patients with stage I NSCLC: deciding between lobectomy, segmentectomy, wedge, SBRT and ablation.

15 Jul, 2022 | 12:55h | UTC

A guide for managing patients with stage I NSCLC: deciding between lobectomy, segmentectomy, wedge, SBRT and ablation – Journal of Thoracic Disease

Part 1 – A guide to decision-making

Part 2 – Systematic review of evidence regarding resection extent in generally healthy patients

Part 3 – Systematic review of evidence regarding surgery in compromised patients or specific tumors

Part 4 – Systematic review of evidence involving SBRT and ablation

 


Review | Regional anesthesia and acute perioperative pain management in thoracic surgery.

15 Jul, 2022 | 12:33h | UTC

Regional anesthesia and acute perioperative pain management in thoracic surgery: a narrative review – Journal of Thoracic Disease

 


Review | Anesthesia for tracheal resection and anastomosis.

14 Jul, 2022 | 12:25h | UTC

Anaesthesia for tracheal resection and anastomosis – Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology

 


Guideline | Malignancy risk stratification for solitary pulmonary nodule.

4 Jul, 2022 | 12:33h | UTC

Malignancy risk stratification for solitary pulmonary nodule: A clinical practice guideline – Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine


Guidelines for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a systematic review and procedure-specific postoperative pain management recommendations.

30 Jun, 2022 | 11:10h | UTC

PROSPECT guidelines for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a systematic review and procedure-specific postoperative pain management recommendations – Anaesthesia

 


Review: Primary graft dysfunction after clinical lung transplantation.

28 Jun, 2022 | 10:37h | UTC

A Focused Review on Primary Graft Dysfunction after Clinical Lung Transplantation: A Multilevel Syndrome – Cells

 


BSH guideline for the hematological management of major hemorrhage.

13 Jun, 2022 | 10:53h | UTC

A guideline for the haematological management of major haemorrhage: a British Society for Haematology Guideline – British Journal of Haematology

 


Guidance Statement: Surgical triage and timing for patients with COVID undergoing thoracic surgery.

10 Jun, 2022 | 11:58h | UTC

Surgical Triage and Timing for Patients with COVID: A Guidance Statement from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons – Annals of Thoracic Surgery

 


Study Commentary: Traumatic hemothorax: pigtail vs. chest tube.

10 Jun, 2022 | 10:57h | UTC

Traumatic Hemothorax: Pigtail vs Chest Tube – RebelEM

Original Study: The small (14 Fr) percutaneous catheter (P-CAT) versus large (28–32 Fr) open chest tube for traumatic hemothorax: A multicenter randomized clinical trial – Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Review: Dyspnea and cough in a lung transplant recipient.

7 Jun, 2022 | 11:16h | UTC

Dyspnea and cough in a lung transplant recipient – Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine

 


Summary of best evidence for enhanced recovery after surgery for patients undergoing lung cancer operations.

3 Jun, 2022 | 11:02h | UTC

Summary of best evidence for enhanced recovery after surgery for patients undergoing lung cancer operations – Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing

Related:

Guidelines for enhanced recovery after lung surgery: recommendations of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society and the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) – European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Enhanced recovery programs in lung cancer surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – Cancer Management and Research

Clinical guidelines on perioperative management strategies for enhanced recovery after lung surgery – Translational Lung Cancer Research

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized, Controlled Trials on Preoperative Physical Exercise Interventions in Patients with Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer – Cancers

Preoperative exercise training for patients with non‐small cell lung cancer – Cochrane Library

 


Alcoholic chlorhexidine skin preparation or triclosan-coated sutures to reduce surgical site infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of high-quality randomized controlled trials.

31 May, 2022 | 11:50h | UTC

Alcoholic chlorhexidine skin preparation or triclosan-coated sutures to reduce surgical site infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of high-quality randomised controlled trials – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Related Study: Reducing surgical site infections in low-income and middle-income countries (FALCON): a pragmatic, multicentre, stratified, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet AND Commentary: Expensive antiseptics and sutures do not reduce the risk of surgical infections – National Institute for Health and Care Research

 

Commentary from one of the authors on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


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