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Pediatrics – Critical Care & Emergencies

RCT | Assessment of infant position and timing of stylet removal to improve lumbar puncture success in neonates

31 Jan, 2023 | 14:07h | UTC

Assessment of infant position and timing of stylet removal to improve lumbar puncture success in neonates (NeoCLEAR): an open-label, 2 × 2 factorial, randomised, controlled trial – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

News Release: Lumbar punctures in newborn babies are more successful when performed in sitting position – Oxford Population Health

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Case Series | Higher Troponin was associated with persistent cardiac MRI lesions in children with myocarditis after mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccination

30 Jan, 2023 | 01:01h | UTC

Higher Troponin Levels on Admission are associated With Persistent Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Lesions in Children Developing Myocarditis After mRNA-Based COVID-19 Vaccination – The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

 


Position Paper | Enteral nutrition in preterm infants

30 Jan, 2023 | 00:54h | UTC

Enteral Nutrition in Preterm Infants (2022): A Position Paper From the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition and Invited Experts – Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

 


Guideline | Management of severe bronchiolitis in infants under 12 months admitted to a pediatric critical care unit

27 Jan, 2023 | 12:32h | UTC

Clinical practice guidelines: management of severe bronchiolitis in infants under 12 months old admitted to a pediatric critical care unit – Intensive Care Medicine

 

Commentary on Twitter

https://twitter.com/yourICM/status/1610855347203309568

 


RCT | Monitoring of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation to guide oxygen delivery in preterm neonates did not improve outcomes

25 Jan, 2023 | 11:23h | UTC

Cerebral regional tissue Oxygen Saturation to Guide Oxygen Delivery in preterm neonates during immediate transition after birth (COSGOD III): multicentre randomised phase 3 clinical trial – The BMJ

 


M-A | Diagnostic value of four biomarkers in detecting neonatal sepsis in low- and middle-income countries

24 Jan, 2023 | 14:21h | UTC

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the diagnostic value of four biomarkers in detecting neonatal sepsis in low- and middle-income countries – BMJ Paediatrics Open

 


M-A | Incidence of acute kidney injury in hospitalized children

24 Jan, 2023 | 14:18h | UTC

Incidence of Acute Kidney Injury in Hospitalized Children: A Meta-analysis – Pediatrics

 


Executive Summary | Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome

23 Jan, 2023 | 13:45h | UTC

Executive Summary of the Second International Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (PALICC-2) – Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

 


Clinical challenges in pediatric ventilation liberation: a meta-narrative review

23 Jan, 2023 | 13:31h | UTC

Clinical Challenges in Pediatric Ventilation Liberation: A Meta-Narrative Review – Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

 


M-A | Noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure in pediatric patients

23 Jan, 2023 | 13:30h | UTC

Noninvasive Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (free for a limited period)

 


M-A | High-flow oxygen and other noninvasive respiratory support therapies in bronchiolitis

23 Jan, 2023 | 13:28h | UTC

High-Flow Oxygen and Other Noninvasive Respiratory Support Therapies in Bronchiolitis: Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analyses – Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

 


RCT | Oral ibuprofen and oral ketorolac are similarly effective for children with acute traumatic pain

20 Jan, 2023 | 14:47h | UTC

Oral ibuprofen versus oral ketorolac for children with moderate and severe acute traumatic pain: a randomized comparative study – European Journal of Pediatrics

 


RCT | Early high-flow nasal oxygen did not improve outcomes in hospitalized children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure

18 Jan, 2023 | 14:34h | UTC

Effect of Early High-Flow Nasal Oxygen vs Standard Oxygen Therapy on Length of Hospital Stay in Hospitalized Children With Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure: The PARIS-2 Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

See also: Visual Abstract

 


AAP Clinical Report | Use of point-of-care ultrasonography in the NICU for diagnostic and procedural purposes

17 Jan, 2023 | 13:32h | UTC

Use of Point-of-Care Ultrasonography in the NICU for Diagnostic and Procedural Purposes – Pediatrics

Technical Report: Use of Point-of-Care Ultrasonography in the NICU for Diagnostic and Procedural Purposes – Pediatrics

News Release: AAP Issues Reports on Point-of-care Ultrasonography Applications in the NICU – American Academy of Pediatrics

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT | Effective dose of ephedrine for treatment of hypotension after induction of anesthesia in neonates and infants less than 6 months of age

17 Jan, 2023 | 13:06h | UTC

Effective dose of ephedrine for treatment of hypotension after induction of general anaesthesia in neonates and infants less than 6 months of age: a multicentre randomised, controlled, open label, dose escalation trial – British Journal of Anaesthesia (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


UK National case series of group A streptococcus pleural empyema in children: clinical and microbiological features

15 Jan, 2023 | 20:24h | UTC

National case series of group A streptococcus pleural empyema in children: clinical and microbiological features – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


WHO | Increase in invasive Group A streptococcal infections among children in Europe, including fatalities

9 Jan, 2023 | 14:53h | UTC

Increase in invasive Group A streptococcal infections among children in Europe, including fatalities – World Health Organization

 


Pediatric intensive care ‘do not do’ recommendations in Spain: selection by Delphi method.

15 Dec, 2022 | 13:50h | UTC

Paediatric intensive care ‘do not do’ recommendations in Spain: Selection by Delphi method – Anales de Pediatría

 


State-of-the-art management of the acutely unwell child.

13 Dec, 2022 | 14:03h | UTC

State-of-the-art management of the acutely unwell child – Anaesthesia

 


Respiratory distress syndrome management in resource limited settings — Current evidence and opportunities.

12 Dec, 2022 | 12:18h | UTC

Respiratory distress syndrome management in resource limited settings—Current evidence and opportunities in 2022 – Frontiers in Pediatrics

 


2022 International Consensus on CPR and emergency cardiovascular care science with treatment recommendations.

5 Dec, 2022 | 00:25h | UTC

2022 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations: Summary From the Basic Life Support; Advanced Life Support; Pediatric Life Support; Neonatal Life Support; Education, Implementation, and Teams; and First Aid Task Forces – Resuscitation

 


Choosing Wisely | Five things physicians and patients should question in the practice of pediatric emergency medicine.

5 Dec, 2022 | 00:22h | UTC

American Academy of Pediatrics – Section on Emergency Medicine and the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians: Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question – Choosing Wisely

News release: Choosing Wisely: Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question in the Practice of Pediatric Emergency Medicine – American Academy of Pediatrics

See complete lists of low-value practices: Choosing Wisely U.S. / Choosing Wisely UK / Choosing Wisely Australia AND Choosing Wisely Canada

 


SR | Masks vs. prongs as interfaces for nasal continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants.

16 Nov, 2022 | 13:31h | UTC

Masks versus prongs as interfaces for nasal continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants – Cochrane Library

Summary: Nasal masks versus nasal prongs for continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants – Cochrane Library

 


Editorial | The urgent need to recognize and properly address prenatal-onset group B Streptococcus disease.

10 Nov, 2022 | 13:59h | UTC

The urgent need to recognize and properly address prenatal-onset group B Streptococcus disease – International Journal of Infectious Diseases

 


Case-control study | Risk variants in the exomes of children with critical illness.

10 Nov, 2022 | 13:52h | UTC

Risk Variants in the Exomes of Children With Critical Illness – JAMA Network Open

 


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