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Pediatrics (all articles)

Review: Management of moderate-severe atopic dermatitis in pediatric age.

27 Jun, 2022 | 11:32h | UTC

Narrative review on the management of moderate-severe atopic dermatitis in pediatric age of the Italian Society of Pediatric Allergology and Immunology (SIAIP), of the Italian Society of Pediatric Dermatology (SIDerP) and of the Italian Society of Pediatrics (SIP) – Italian Journal of Pediatrics

 


Phase 2a RCT: Vaccine efficacy in adults in a respiratory syncytial virus challenge study.

27 Jun, 2022 | 11:21h | UTC

Vaccine Efficacy in Adults in a Respiratory Syncytial Virus Challenge Study -New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Challenge Study Shows Efficacy of RSV Vaccine in Healthy Adults – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Systematic Review: Short‐acting inhaled bronchodilators for cystic fibrosis.

27 Jun, 2022 | 11:15h | UTC

Short‐acting inhaled bronchodilators for cystic fibrosis – Cochrane Library

Summary: Short-acting inhaled bronchodilators for cystic fibrosis – Cochrane Library

 


M-A: Prevalence of perinatal depression and anxiety in both parents.

27 Jun, 2022 | 11:05h | UTC

Prevalence of Perinatal Depression and Anxiety in Both Parents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Network Open

 


EULAR/ACR points to consider for diagnosis, management and monitoring of the interleukin-1 mediated autoinflammatory diseases.

24 Jun, 2022 | 11:23h | UTC

The 2021 EULAR/American College of Rheumatology points to consider for diagnosis, management and monitoring of the interleukin-1 mediated autoinflammatory diseases: cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome, mevalonate kinase deficiency, and deficiency of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist – Annals of Rheumatic Diseases

 


EULAR/PRES recommendations for vaccination of pediatric patients with autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases.

24 Jun, 2022 | 11:17h | UTC

EULAR/PRES recommendations for vaccination of paediatric patients with autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases: update 2021 – Annals of Rheumatic Diseases

 


ESPGHAN Position Paper: use of low-FODMAP diet in pediatric gastroenterology.

24 Jun, 2022 | 11:15h | UTC

An ESPGHAN Position Paper on the Use of Low-FODMAP Diet in Pediatric Gastroenterology – Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

 


Consensus Paper: Diagnosis and treat-to-target management of macrophage activation syndrome in children.

24 Jun, 2022 | 11:13h | UTC

Egyptian evidence-based consensus on clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treat-to-target management of macrophage activation syndrome in children – Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation

 


Systematic Review: Cortisol levels during acute illnesses in children and adolescents.

24 Jun, 2022 | 10:54h | UTC

Cortisol Levels During Acute Illnesses in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review – JAMA Network Open

 


RCT: Dextrose gel for neonates at risk with asymptomatic hypoglycemia.

24 Jun, 2022 | 10:50h | UTC

Dextrose Gel for Neonates at Risk With Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated AAP 2022 recommendations for reducing infant deaths in the sleep environment.

23 Jun, 2022 | 13:05h | UTC

Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2022 Recommendations for Reducing Infant Deaths in the Sleep Environment – Pediatrics

Commentaries:

New safe-sleep guidelines aim to reduce infant deaths – University of Virginia Health System

AAP Updates Recommendations for Safe Infant Sleep Practices – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


AHA Scientific Statement: Cardiopulmonary consequences of vaping in adolescents.

23 Jun, 2022 | 13:03h | UTC

Cardiopulmonary Consequences of Vaping in Adolescents: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association – Circulation Research

News Release: Action needed to reduce e-cigarette use among adolescents to lower lifetime CVD risk – American Heart Association

 


Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 related severe Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children investigated in a Swedish population-based study.

23 Jun, 2022 | 10:36h | UTC

News Release: Risk factors for severe COVID-19 complication in children investigated in Swedish population-based study – Karolinska Institutet

Original Study: Risk factors for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children – A population-based cohort study of over 2 million children – The Lancet Regional Health Europe

 


M-A: Incidence and etiology of infant Gram-negative bacteremia and meningitis in children.

23 Jun, 2022 | 10:27h | UTC

Incidence and aetiology of infant Gram-negative bacteraemia and meningitis: systematic review and meta-analysis – Archives of Disease in Childhood

 


Cohort Study: Risk of myocarditis and pericarditis after the COVID-19 mRNA vaccination in the USA.

22 Jun, 2022 | 12:07h | UTC

Risk of myocarditis and pericarditis after the COVID-19 mRNA vaccination in the USA: a cohort study in claims databases – The Lancet

Commentaries:

COVID-19 mRNA vaccination and myocarditis or pericarditis – The Lancet

Myocarditis and Pericarditis After the COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination – American College of Cardiology

Related:

SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination and Myocarditis in a Nordic Cohort Study of 23 Million Residents – JAMA Cardiology

Myocarditis and pericarditis after COVID-19 vaccination: clinical management guidance for healthcare professionals – UK Health Security Agency

Myocarditis following a third Pfizer vaccination dose in military recruits in Israel.

Myocarditis following COVID-19 BNT162b2 vaccination among adolescents in Hong Kong.

[Preprint] Post-marketing active surveillance of myocarditis and pericarditis following vaccination with COVID-19 mRNA vaccines in persons aged 12-39 years in Italy.

Myocarditis after BNT162b2 vaccination in Israeli adolescents.

Myocarditis cases reported after mRNA-Based COVID-19 vaccination in the US from December 2020 to August 2021.

A case-control study showed an increased risk of myocarditis after COVID-19 vaccination with a messenger RNA vaccine compared to an inactivated virus vaccine.

[Preprint] Risk of myocarditis following sequential COVID-19 vaccinations by age and sex.

Risks of myocarditis, pericarditis, and cardiac arrhythmias associated with COVID-19 vaccination vs. SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Case series with 139 adolescents and young adults with suspected myocarditis following mRNA vaccination showed most cases had a mild clinical course and rapid resolution of symptoms.

Heart-inflammation risk from Pfizer COVID vaccine is very low.

Large cohort study with over 2.5 million individuals showed the incidence of myocarditis after the Pfizer vaccine was 2.13 cases per 100,000 persons.

Study with over 5.1 million vaccinated individuals showed the incidence of myocarditis after the receipt of the Pfizer vaccine was low and more common after the second dose in young male recipients.

Large Observational study shows Pfizer Covid vaccine is mostly safe but is associated with increased risk of myocarditis, adenopathy, appendicitis, and herpes zoster.

 


Comparing the Pfizer and Moderna Covid vaccines for young children.

22 Jun, 2022 | 12:02h | UTC

Comparing the Pfizer and Moderna Covid vaccines for young children – STAT

Related: FDA advisers OK COVID-19 vaccines for youngest kids – CIDRAP

 


Guidelines for the use of cardiac magnetic resonance in pediatric congenital and acquired heart disease.

22 Jun, 2022 | 11:31h | UTC

Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance/European Society of Cardiovascular Imaging/American Society of Echocardiography/Society for Pediatric Radiology/North American Society for Cardiovascular Imaging Guidelines for the Use of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Pediatric Congenital and Acquired Heart Disease: Endorsed by The American Heart Association – Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging

 


Retrospective cohort study: Association of patient characteristics with postoperative mortality in children undergoing tonsillectomy.

22 Jun, 2022 | 11:14h | UTC

Association of Patient Characteristics With Postoperative Mortality in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy in 5 US States – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Editorials: Mortality After Pediatric Tonsillectomy—Does the “D” Word Have a Place in Tonsillectomy Discussions? – JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

 


RCT: Multispecies probiotic for the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children.

22 Jun, 2022 | 11:12h | UTC

Multispecies Probiotic for the Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Pediatrics (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Mixed Results With Probiotic for Kids’ Antibiotic-Related Diarrhea— Randomized trial misses strictly defined endpoint, but researchers point to benefit – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A: Contemporary trends in global mortality of sepsis among young infants less than 90 days.

22 Jun, 2022 | 11:03h | UTC

Contemporary Trends in Global Mortality of Sepsis Among Young Infants Less Than 90 Days: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Frontiers in Pediatrics

 


Review: Climate change, fossil-fuel pollution, and children’s health.

21 Jun, 2022 | 11:14h | UTC

Climate Change, Fossil-Fuel Pollution, and Children’s Health – New England Journal of Medicine

Editorial: Fossil-Fuel Pollution and Climate Change — A New NEJM Group Series

Commentary: Extreme heat poses significant and growing health risk to babies and children, study shows – CNN

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


ERS statement on pediatric long-term noninvasive respiratory support.

21 Jun, 2022 | 10:56h | UTC

ERS statement on paediatric long-term noninvasive respiratory support – European Respiratory Journal

 


M-A: Overweight/obesity in childhood and the risk of early puberty.

21 Jun, 2022 | 10:36h | UTC

Overweight/Obesity in Childhood and the Risk of Early Puberty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Frontiers in Pediatrics

Related Study: Patterns of Early Life Weight Gain and Female Onset of Puberty – Journal of the Endocrine Society

 


Consensus Recommendations: Management of the congenital solitary kidney.

20 Jun, 2022 | 01:25h | UTC

Management of the congenital solitary kidney: consensus recommendations of the Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology – Pediatric Nephrology

 


Artificial intelligence may detect autism speech patterns across different languages, study finds.

20 Jun, 2022 | 01:05h | UTC

News Release: AI detects autism speech patterns across different languages – Northwestern University

Original Study: Cross-linguistic patterns of speech prosodic differences in autism: A machine learning study – PLOS One

 


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