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Head and Neck Surgery

M-A of randomized trials | Prophylactic central neck lymph node dissection in low-risk thyroid carcinoma patients does not decrease the incidence of locoregional recurrence.

21 Sep, 2022 | 13:07h | UTC

Prophylactic Central Neck Lymph Node Dissection in Low-risk Thyroid Carcinoma Patients Does Not Decrease the Incidence of Locoregional Recurrence: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials – Annals of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


International consensus statement on obstructive sleep apnea.

8 Sep, 2022 | 14:41h | UTC

International consensus statement on obstructive sleep apnea – Allergy & Rhinology (PDF)

 


M-A | Hypocalcemia following thyroidectomy among patients who have previously undergone bariatric surgery.

8 Sep, 2022 | 14:25h | UTC

Hypocalcaemia following thyroidectomy among patients who have previously undergone bariatric surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis – British Journal of Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Guideline | Patient preparation and radiation protection guidance for adult patients undergoing radioiodine treatment for thyroid cancer.

1 Sep, 2022 | 11:53h | UTC

Patient Preparation and Radiation Protection Guidance for Adult Patients Undergoing Radioiodine Treatment for Thyroid Cancer in the UK – Clinical Oncology

 


RCT | In patients with low-risk nasopharyngeal carcinoma, radiotherapy alone was noninferior to radiotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy on survival without disease relapse at 3 years.

25 Aug, 2022 | 12:13h | UTC

Effect of Radiotherapy Alone vs Radiotherapy With Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy on Survival Without Disease Relapse in Patients With Low-risk Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Video Editor’s Note: Radiotherapy With vs Without Chemoradiotherapy in Low-risk Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma – JAMA

 


The contemporary management of cancers of the sinonasal tract in adults.

16 Aug, 2022 | 13:39h | UTC

The contemporary management of cancers of the sinonasal tract in adults – CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians

 


Guideline | Pediatric differentiated thyroid carcinoma.

29 Jul, 2022 | 12:31h | UTC

Paediatric differentiated thyroid carcinoma: a UK National Clinical Practice Consensus Guideline – Endocrine-Related Cancer

 


Phase 2 RCT | Deintensified chemoradiotherapy for pretreatment Epstein-Barr Virus DNA-selected low-risk locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

19 Jul, 2022 | 12:58h | UTC

Deintensified Chemoradiotherapy for Pretreatment Epstein-Barr Virus DNA-Selected Low-Risk Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Phase II Randomized Noninferiority Trial – Journal of Clinical Oncology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries:

#VisualAbstract: Pretreatment with radiotherapy and two cycles of concurrent cisplatin may reduce toxicity in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma – Physician’s Weekly

Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Plus 2 Cycles of Concurrent Cisplatin Improved Low-Risk LA-NPC Outcomes – Cancer Network

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Evaluation of the molecular landscape of pediatric thyroid nodules and use of a multigene genomic classifier in children.

8 Jul, 2022 | 11:20h | UTC

Evaluation of the Molecular Landscape of Pediatric Thyroid Nodules and Use of a Multigene Genomic Classifier in Children – JAMA Oncology

 

Commentaries on Twitter

 


Consensus Guidelines: Management of hematoma after thyroid surgery.

30 Jun, 2022 | 11:06h | UTC

Management of haematoma after thyroid surgery: systematic review and multidisciplinary consensus guidelines from the Difficult Airway Society, the British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons and the British Association of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery – Anaesthesia

 


Retrospective cohort study: Association of patient characteristics with postoperative mortality in children undergoing tonsillectomy.

22 Jun, 2022 | 11:14h | UTC

Association of Patient Characteristics With Postoperative Mortality in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy in 5 US States – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Editorials: Mortality After Pediatric Tonsillectomy—Does the “D” Word Have a Place in Tonsillectomy Discussions? – JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

 


Neck circumference measurement for surveillance and early detection of hemorrhage after thyroidectomy: a diagnostic accuracy study.

10 Jun, 2022 | 11:39h | UTC

Neck Circumference Measurement for Surveillance and Early Detection of Hemorrhage After Thyroidectomy: A Diagnostic Accuracy Study – JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (free for a limited period)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study: Analysis of comorbidities, clinical outcomes, and parathyroidectomy in adults with primary hyperparathyroidism.

8 Jun, 2022 | 10:38h | UTC

Analysis of Comorbidities, Clinical Outcomes, and Parathyroidectomy in Adults With Primary Hyperparathyroidism – JAMA Network Open

Related Study: Mortality and Morbidity in Mild Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Results From a 10-Year Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of Parathyroidectomy Versus Observation – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Difficult and complicated oral ulceration: an expert consensus guideline for diagnosis.

6 Jun, 2022 | 11:19h | UTC

Difficult and complicated oral ulceration: an expert consensus guideline for diagnosis – International Journal of Oral Science

 


Alcoholic chlorhexidine skin preparation or triclosan-coated sutures to reduce surgical site infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of high-quality randomized controlled trials.

31 May, 2022 | 11:50h | UTC

Alcoholic chlorhexidine skin preparation or triclosan-coated sutures to reduce surgical site infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of high-quality randomised controlled trials – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Related Study: Reducing surgical site infections in low-income and middle-income countries (FALCON): a pragmatic, multicentre, stratified, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet AND Commentary: Expensive antiseptics and sutures do not reduce the risk of surgical infections – National Institute for Health and Care Research

 

Commentary from one of the authors on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Guidelines for clothing in the operating theatre.

30 May, 2022 | 11:52h | UTC

Guidelines for clothing in the operating theatre, 2021 – Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine

 


Systematic Review: Airway complications resulting from pediatric esophageal button battery impaction.

27 May, 2022 | 11:49h | UTC

Airway Complications Resulting From Pediatric Esophageal Button Battery Impaction: A Systematic Review – JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (free for a limited period)

Invited Commentary: Pediatric Button Battery Injuries—Current State and What’s Next? – JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

 


Health Technology Assessment: Molecular testing for thyroid nodules of indeterminate cytology.

25 May, 2022 | 10:42h | UTC

Molecular Testing for Thyroid Nodules of Indeterminate Cytology: A Health Technology Assessment – Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series

 


M-A: Complication rates of total thyroidectomy vs. hemithyroidectomy for treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.

11 May, 2022 | 10:59h | UTC

Complication Rates of Total Thyroidectomy vs Hemithyroidectomy for Treatment of Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


ESMO Clinical Practice Guideline update on the use of systemic therapy in advanced thyroid cancer.

5 May, 2022 | 10:16h | UTC

ESMO Clinical Practice Guideline update on the use of systemic therapy in advanced thyroid cancer – Annals of Oncology

 


RCT: Sintilimab vs. placebo in combination with chemotherapy as first line treatment for locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

20 Apr, 2022 | 09:28h | UTC

Sintilimab versus placebo in combination with chemotherapy as first line treatment for locally advanced or metastatic oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ORIENT-15): multicentre, randomised, double blind, phase 3 trial – The BMJ

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Development and validation of machine learning models for predicting occult nodal metastasis in early-stage oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.

20 Apr, 2022 | 09:14h | UTC

Development and Validation of Machine Learning Models for Predicting Occult Nodal Metastasis in Early-Stage Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma – JAMA Network Open

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A of randomized trials: Intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring vs. visualization alone.

19 Apr, 2022 | 01:17h | UTC

Intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring versus visualisation alone – A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – American Journal of Surgery

 


Development and validation of a decision analytical model for posttreatment surveillance for patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma.

14 Apr, 2022 | 07:52h | UTC

Development and Validation of a Decision Analytical Model for Posttreatment Surveillance for Patients With Oropharyngeal Carcinoma – JAMA Network Open

 


M-A: The clinical effect and safety of new preoperative fasting time guidelines for elective surgery.

12 Apr, 2022 | 09:51h | UTC

The clinical effect and safety of new preoperative fasting time guidelines for elective surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Gland Surgery

Related:

An international multidisciplinary consensus statement on fasting before procedural sedation in adults and children – Anaesthesia

Does my hospitalized patient need an NPO-after-midnight order preoperatively?

ESPEN practical guideline: Clinical nutrition in surgery – “Preoperative fasting from midnight is unnecessary in most patients. Patients undergoing surgery, who are considered to have no specific risk of aspiration, shall drink clear fluids until 2 h before anesthesia. Solids shall be allowed until 6 h before anesthesia.”

Pro-Con Debate: 1- vs 2-Hour Fast for Clear Liquids Before Anesthesia in Children.

Editorial: The rationale for the recommendations of the European Pediatric Fasting Guideline – “the authors of the 2021 ESAIC pediatric guideline have found reasons to recommend reductions to the minimum fasting times for infant formula to 4 h, for breast milk to 3 h and for clear fluids to 1 h”.

Practice Guidelines for Preoperative Fasting and the Use of Pharmacologic Agents to Reduce the Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration: Application to Healthy Patients Undergoing Elective Procedures: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preoperative Fasting and the Use of Pharmacologic Agents to Reduce the Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration

Perioperative fasting in adults and children: guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology

Clear fluids fasting for elective paediatric anaesthesia: The European Society of Anaesthesiology consensus statement – European Journal of Anaesthesiology

Canadian Pediatric Anesthesia Society statement on clear fluid fasting for elective pediatric anesthesia – Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (free)

 


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