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Pediatrics – Psychiatry

RCT: Oxytocin does not improve social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder.

14 Oct, 2021 | 09:52h | UTC

News release: Oxytocin does not improve social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder, NIH-funded study suggests – National Institutes of Health

Original study: Intranasal Oxytocin in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder – New England Journal of Medicine

 


RCT: Preemptive intervention may improve developmental outcomes in infants showing early signs of autism.

21 Sep, 2021 | 09:01h | UTC

Effect of Preemptive Intervention on Developmental Outcomes Among Infants Showing Early Signs of Autism: A Randomized Clinical Trial of Outcomes to Diagnosis – JAMA Pediatrics (free for a limited period)

Commentaries:

Intervening Before 18 Months May Reduce Odds of Autism Diagnosis in Babies Identified at High Risk – Psychiatric News Alert

Expert reaction to trial looking at the effect of a pre-emptive intervention in children showing early signs of autism on developmental outcomes – Science Media Centre

Autism therapy aimed at infants may reduce likelihood of later diagnosis – The Guardian

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Many predicted some kind of ‘Covid slide’ in learning. Test results show how bad it is.

29 Aug, 2021 | 18:55h | UTC

Many predicted some kind of ‘Covid slide’ in learning. Test results show how bad it is – CNN

Report: Learning during COVID-19: Reading and math achievement in the 2020-21 school year – NWEA

Related:

[Preprint] Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on early child cognitive development: initial findings in a longitudinal observational study of child health.

 


The Lancet Series: Active ingredients for addressing youth anxiety and depression.

27 Aug, 2021 | 09:05h | UTC

Homepage: Active ingredients for addressing youth anxiety and depression – The Lancet Psychiatry (free registration required for all articles)

The knowns and unknowns of SSRI treatment in young people with depression and anxiety: efficacy, predictors, and mechanisms of action

See commentary: The benefits and harms of antidepressants for youth depression and anxiety #ActiveIngredientsMH – The Mental Elf

Circadian rhythm sleep–wake disturbances and depression in young people: implications for prevention and early intervention

Harnessing emotional mental imagery to reduce anxiety and depression in young people: an integrative review of progress and promise

Identifying and integrating active ingredients for mental health

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Systematic review: The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on child and adolescent mental health.

25 Aug, 2021 | 08:58h | UTC

The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on child and adolescent mental health: systematic review – European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Related: M-A: Child and youth mental health problems have doubled during COVID-19. (several articles on the subject)

 


Study commentary: How risky for developing psychosis are ‘At Risk Mental States’ in youths?

24 Aug, 2021 | 08:45h | UTC

How risky for developing psychosis are ‘At Risk Mental States’ in youths? – The Mental Elf

Original study: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Psychosis Risk in Children and Adolescents With an At-Risk Mental State – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Nine in ten children with ADHD may experience symptoms into young adulthood.

19 Aug, 2021 | 08:45h | UTC

Nine in Ten Children With ADHD May Experience Symptoms Into Young Adulthood – Psychiatric News Alert

Original study: Variable Patterns of Remission From ADHD in the Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD – The American Journal of Psychiatry

 


[Preprint] Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on early child cognitive development: initial findings in a longitudinal observational study of child health.

16 Aug, 2021 | 01:11h | UTC

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Early Child Cognitive Development: Initial Findings in a Longitudinal Observational Study of Child Health – medRxiv

Commentary: Children born during pandemic have lower IQs, US study finds – Researchers blame lack of stimulation as parents balanced childcare with working from home – The Guardian

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Opinion: A call to revise the diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder—diagnoses are for helping, not harming.

16 Aug, 2021 | 00:48h | UTC

A Call to Revise the Diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder—Diagnoses Are for Helping, Not Harming – JAMA Psychiatry (free for a limited period)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


European guideline and expert statements on the management of narcolepsy in adults and children.

13 Aug, 2021 | 09:02h | UTC

European guideline and expert statements on the management of narcolepsy in adults and children – European Journal of Neurology

 


M-A: Child and youth mental health problems have doubled during COVID-19.

10 Aug, 2021 | 10:03h | UTC

Commentary: Child and youth mental health problems have doubled during COVID-19 – The Conversation

Original study: Global Prevalence of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Children and Adolescents During COVID-19: A Meta-analysis – JAMA Pediatrics

Editorial: Addressing the Global Crisis of Child and Adolescent Mental Health – JAMA Pediatrics

Related:

More data on the harmful effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of adolescents.

COVID has caused ‘mass trauma,’ worsening mental health globally.

COVID’s mental-health toll: how scientists are tracking a surge in depression

CDC Report: Mental health-related emergency department visits among children aged under 18 years raised during the COVID-19 Pandemic

WHO: COVID-19 disrupting mental health services in most countries

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Illness duration and symptom profile in symptomatic school-aged children tested for SARS-CoV-2 – “Only 25 (1.8%) of 1379 children experienced symptoms for at least 56 days.”

4 Aug, 2021 | 10:06h | UTC

Illness duration and symptom profile in symptomatic UK school-aged children tested for SARS-CoV-2 – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

Invited commentary: Citizen science and biomedical research (free registration required)

Commentaries:

Expert reaction to study looking at long-lasting symptoms from COVID-19 in children – Science Media Centre

Long Covid uncommon in children, analysis finds – King’s College London

Study finds long-term Covid symptoms rare in school-age children – The Guardian

Most children with Covid-19 recover within a week, but a small percentage have long-term symptoms, a study says. – The New York Times

Related:

Long-term Symptoms After SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and Adolescents – “This study found a low prevalence of symptoms compatible with long COVID in a randomly selected cohort of children assessed 6 months after serologic testing”.

Cohort study: Risk factors for long covid in previously hospitalized children.

Study shows low incidence of post-acute COVID-19 symptoms (“Long Covid”) in children after mild disease

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


AAP Interim guidance on supporting the emotional and behavioral health needs of children, adolescents, and families during the COVID-19 pandemic.

4 Aug, 2021 | 10:03h | UTC

Interim Guidance on Supporting the Emotional and Behavioral Health Needs of Children, Adolescents, and Families During the COVID-19 Pandemic – American Academy of Pediatrics

 


RCT: A prevention program for insomnia in at-risk adolescents.

7 Jul, 2021 | 08:38h | UTC

A Prevention Program for Insomnia in At-risk Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Study – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Using a program to combat teen insomnia – Contemporary Pediatrics AND Cognitive behavioral program may prevent insomnia in at-risk adolescents – Medicom

 


More data on the harmful effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of adolescents.

6 Jun, 2021 | 23:52h | UTC

Depressive symptoms, mental wellbeing, and substance use among adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Iceland: a longitudinal, population-based study – The Lancet Psychiatry

Commentaries: A lost generation? COVID-19 and adolescent mental health – The Lancet Psychiatry AND COVID-19 pandemic has had significant impact on the mental health of adolescents – Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


M-A: Parenting interventions to promote early child development in the first three years of life.

3 Jun, 2021 | 10:37h | UTC

Parenting interventions to promote early child development in the first three years of life: A global systematic review and meta-analysis – PLOS Medicine

 


Meta-analysis: New generation antidepressants for depression in children and adolescents – “most newer antidepressants may reduce depression symptoms in a small and unimportant way compared with placebo”.

25 May, 2021 | 08:40h | UTC

New generation antidepressants for depression in children and adolescents: a network meta‐analysis – Cochrane Library

Summary: Newer generation antidepressants for depression in children and adolescents: a network meta-analysis – Cochrane Library

Commentary: Best evidence suggests antidepressants aren’t very effective in kids and teens. What can be done instead? – The Conversation

 


AAP Clinical Report: Collaborative care in the identification and management of psychosis in adolescents and young adults.

25 May, 2021 | 08:41h | UTC

Collaborative Care in the Identification and Management of Psychosis in Adolescents and Young Adults – Pediatrics

 


Cohort study: Babies surviving Group B strep more likely to require special educational support.

21 May, 2021 | 08:27h | UTC

Babies surviving Group B strep more likely to require special educational support – London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Original study: Mortality, neurodevelopmental impairments, and economic outcomes after invasive group B streptococcal disease in early infancy in Denmark and the Netherlands: a national matched cohort study – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

 


Systematic review: Cognitive behavioral therapy may improve outcomes for autism spectrum disorders.

21 May, 2021 | 08:21h | UTC

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


WHO and UNICEF launch new tools for the promotion of adolescent mental health.

19 May, 2021 | 08:33h | UTC

News release: WHO and UNICEF launch new tools for the promotion of adolescent mental health – World Health Organization

WHO/UNICEF Helping Adolescents Thrive programme

Helping Adolescents Thrive Toolkit

Magnificent Mei and Friends: Comic 1

The Teacher’s Guide

The mental and brain health of children and adolescents 

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Perspective | Facebook calls links to depression inconclusive. These researchers disagree.

19 May, 2021 | 08:30h | UTC

Facebook Calls Links To Depression Inconclusive. These Researchers Disagree – NPR

Related: Cohort study: Preschoolers’ extensive electronic media use linked to emotional/behavioral issues AND Analysis: Smartphones, Social Media Use and Youth Mental Health AND [Abstract Only] Study: Associations Between Time Spent Using Social Media and Mental Health Problems Among Youth AND Association of Screen Time and Depression in Adolescence AND The Adverse Effects of Social Media use on Young People’s Mental Health May be Caused by Exposure to Cyberbullying, Loss of Sleep, and Reduced Physical Activity AND Research: This Is Your Brain Off Facebook AND Cohort Study: Social Media Use and Adolescent Mental Health AND Supplement: Children, Adolescents and Screens: What We Know and What We Need To Learn

 


Opinion | E-Cigarettes and the U.S. Menthol Ban: A Missed Opportunity to Protect Youth.

18 May, 2021 | 07:28h | UTC

E-Cigarettes and the U.S. Menthol Ban: A Missed Opportunity to Protect Youth – Think Global Health

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


RCT: An internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program followed by in-person CBT if necessary is noninferior to in-person CBT for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in children and adolescents.

12 May, 2021 | 08:39h | UTC

Effect of an Internet-Delivered Stepped-Care Program vs In-Person Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Editorial: Digital Interventions for Adults With Symptoms of Depression and Children and Adolescents With Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

News release: Online CBT effective against OCD symptoms in the young – Karolinska Institutet

 


Population-based cohort study: Youngest children in class are more likely to be diagnosed with a learning disability

11 May, 2021 | 09:08h | UTC

Relative age and specific learning disorder diagnoses: A Finnish population‐based cohort study – JCCP Advances

Commentary: Youngest children in class are more likely to be diagnosed with a learning disability – University of Turku

 


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