Review | Adverse effects of antidepressant medications and their management in children and adolescents9 Aug, 2023 | 15:25h | UTC
M-A | Absence of evidence for antipsychotics in youth unipolar depression; limited evidence in bipolar depression9 Aug, 2023 | 15:23h | UTC
USPSTF Draft Statement | Insufficient evidence for screening children under 5 years for speech and language delay2 Aug, 2023 | 14:13h | UTC
M-A | Comparing the efficacy of different types of exercise for the treatment and prevention of depression in youths30 Jun, 2023 | 14:40h | UTC
Cannabis Use Disorder and Subsequent Risk of Psychotic and Nonpsychotic Unipolar Depression and Bipolar Disorder – JAMA Psychiatry (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Guideline | Assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with major and persistent depressive disorders10 May, 2023 | 15:37h | UTC
Clinical Practice Guideline for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Major and Persistent Depressive Disorders – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Cohort Study | There is no association between labor epidural analgesia and risk of offspring autism and ADHD4 May, 2023 | 13:30h | UTC
Labor epidural analgesia and subsequent risk of offspring autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a cross-national cohort study of 4.5 million individuals and their siblings – American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Commentary with video on Twitter
AJOG Presents: Labor epidural analgesia and subsequent risk of offspring autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a cross-national cohort study of 4.5 million individuals and their siblings https://t.co/XFbedq7SAz pic.twitter.com/J4Mu5xSwT6
— AJOG (@AJOG_thegray) February 4, 2023
ADHD Medication Misuse | 25% of students in some US schools report nonmedical use for stimulant effect26 Apr, 2023 | 14:21h | UTC
Commentary on Twitter
Prescription stimulant misuse varies from 0% to >25% across US secondary schools. Schools with highest rates of stimulant therapy for #ADHD had 36% increased odds of misuse, offering targets for prevention and risk reduction strategies. https://t.co/4XHGpooBjz
— JAMA Network Open (@JAMANetworkOpen) April 18, 2023
Cohort Study | Prenatal exposure to antiseizure medication and incidence of childhood-onset psychiatric disorders24 Apr, 2023 | 13:10h | UTC
Prenatal Exposure to Antiseizure Medication and Incidence of Childhood- and Adolescence-Onset Psychiatric Disorders – JAMA Neurology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Commentary on Twitter
Study strengthens the evidence for the warning against the use of valproate in pregnancy, supports concerns about the use of topiramate, and provides a preliminary indication for caution with the use of levetiracetam in pregnancy. https://t.co/BZzZP0tSZs
— JAMA Neurology (@JAMANeuro) April 17, 2023
SR | Methylphenidate for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)17 Apr, 2023 | 12:39h | UTC
Teen Girls Are Faring Worse Than Boys on Nearly All Mental Health Measures—Here’s Why – JAMA (free for a limited period)
Commentary on Twitter
The latest @CDCgov Youth Risk Behavior Survey, administered in 2021, shows that mental health has worsened for all adolescents, but especially for girls. Nearly a third of teen girls said they seriously considered suicide. https://t.co/gVHoLYtI5b #MedicalNews
— JAMA (@JAMA_current) March 28, 2023
Review | Navigating the new eating disorder landscape: atypical anorexia and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder24 Mar, 2023 | 13:03h | UTC
COVID-19 pandemic measures may have caused reduced cognitive abilities among German students, study shows20 Mar, 2023 | 13:50h | UTC
Summary: This study investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the cognitive abilities of secondary school students in Germany. The study compared the intelligence test performance of 424 students in Grades 7 to 9, tested after the first six months of the pandemic, to the results of two highly comparable student samples tested in 2002 and 2012.
The study found that the 2020 sample had substantially lower intelligence test scores than both the 2002 and 2012 samples. The study also retested the 2020 sample after another full school year of COVID-19-affected schooling in 2021 and found no signs of catching up to previous cohorts or further declines in cognitive performance.
It can be inferred from the article that the lower intelligence test scores of the 2020 sample may have been caused by the prolonged disruption of regular schooling due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including lockdowns and school closures.
The study highlights the potential negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the cognitive abilities of secondary school students and suggests that these consequences should be taken into account when conducting intelligence assessments in the post-pandemic era. It also recommends that appropriate compensatory measures be implemented to address any learning loss or cognitive deficits that may have resulted from the disruption of regular schooling during the pandemic.
News Release: After 6 months of disrupted schooling during COVID-19, German students scored substantially lower on intelligence tests than comparative earlier cohorts, with the gap persisting after 16 months – PLOS
M-A | Comparison of pediatric emergency department visits for attempted suicide before and during the COVID-19 pandemic15 Mar, 2023 | 14:56h | UTC
Comparison of paediatric emergency department visits for attempted suicide, self-harm, and suicidal ideation before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis – The Lancet Psychiatry
Adolescent substance use | Objective assessment with hair analysis nearly doubled the estimated prevalence based on self-reported data14 Mar, 2023 | 13:34h | UTC
Perspective | Antipsychotics are increasingly being prescribed to children – here’s why we should be concerned8 Mar, 2023 | 14:29h | UTC
RCT | Reducing social media use improves appearance and weight esteem in youth with emotional distress3 Mar, 2023 | 14:04h | UTC
Summary: The article discusses a randomized controlled trial conducted on 220 participants aged 17-25 to examine the effects of reducing smartphone social media use (SMU) on appearance and weight esteem in youth with emotional distress. The participants were divided into an intervention group (limited to 1 hr/day SMU) and a control group (unrestricted SMU). The study found that reducing SMU improved appearance and weight esteem in the intervention group, while the control group showed no significant change. The authors concluded that reducing SMU may be a feasible and effective method of improving body image in a vulnerable youth population and should be evaluated as a potential component in treating body image-related disturbances. It is worth noting, however, that the impossibility of blinding participants and the subjective nature of the endpoints make it difficult to draw definitive conclusions on the subject.
Diagnostic Study | Level of attention to motherese speech as an early marker of autism spectrum disorder14 Feb, 2023 | 11:04h | UTC
Summary: A study was conducted to determine if levels of attention to motherese speech can be used as a diagnostic marker for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and if they are associated with social and language abilities. The study involved 653 toddlers aged 12 to 48 months and used gaze-contingent eye tracking to measure attention to motherese speech. The results showed that toddlers without ASD had high levels of fixation on motherese speech, while those with ASD had significantly reduced levels. If a toddler fixated on motherese speech at or below 30%, the probability of them being accurately diagnosed with ASD was 94%, and it was also associated with reduced social and language abilities. The findings suggest that attention to motherese speech may be a diagnostic and prognostic marker of ASD.
(By ChatGPT, reviewed and edited)