USPSTF Draft Statement | Insufficient evidence for screening children under 5 years for speech and language delay2 Aug, 2023 | 14:13h | UTC
Study | Childhood deaths in high-mortality settings mostly preventable; infection, malnutrition top causes31 Jul, 2023 | 14:05h | UTC
Invited Commentary: Need for a Structural Approach to Promote Child Survival – JAMA Network Open
Report: Technology in education – UNESCO
Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)
Every year, drowning claims at least 236,000 lives. It's one of the leading causes of death ? for children & people aged 1-24 years. We can all take action to end drowning ? https://t.co/7CSUGYBk49 pic.twitter.com/r64dbsLnHn
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) July 25, 2023
Commentary on Twitter
Although largely preventable, meningitis still causes hundreds of thousands of deaths globally each year.
— The Lancet (@TheLancet) July 20, 2023
M-A | Exposure to smoke, overcrowding, poor living conditions, and contact with TB cases identified as risk conditions for pediatric TB24 Jul, 2023 | 12:43h | UTC
Technical Report: Epidemiology and Prevention of Child Pedestrian Injury – Pediatrics
M-A | Impact on childhood mortality of interventions to improve drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene to households10 May, 2023 | 15:28h | UTC
Commentary on Twitter
With 105 national SSB taxes in effect covering 51% of the world’s population, SSB taxes are no longer a novel policy tool. https://t.co/P0TvIdB4D3
— JAMA Network Open (@JAMANetworkOpen) March 29, 2023
Summary: The WHO’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) has revised its COVID-19 vaccination roadmap in light of the Omicron variant and widespread population immunity. The revised roadmap prioritizes protecting those at the highest risk of severe disease and death while maintaining resilient health systems. It introduces cost-effectiveness considerations for vaccinating lower-risk individuals, such as healthy children and adolescents, and presents revised booster dose recommendations.
Priority groups are categorized as high, medium, and low, based on factors like risk of severe disease and death. People in the high-priority group, consisting of older adults, individuals with significant comorbidities or immunocompromising conditions, pregnant persons, and frontline health workers, are advised to receive additional boosters 6 or 12 months after the last dose. The medium priority group, which includes healthy adults without comorbidities and children with comorbidities, is recommended to receive primary series and first booster doses. However, SAGE no longer routinely recommends additional boosters for this group due to limited public health gains.
For the low-priority group, encompassing healthy children and adolescents, vaccination decisions should take into account factors such as disease prevalence and cost-effectiveness. It is important to note that the public health benefits of vaccinating healthy children and adolescents are considerably lower compared to established essential vaccines for children, like rotavirus, measles, and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines.
Summary: Kangaroo-Mother Care (KMC) is a method that involves skin-to-skin contact between the mother and newborn, frequent exclusive or almost exclusive breastfeeding, and early discharge. KMC is an alternative to traditional care interventions for low birthweight (LBW) infants, and the World Health Organization has recommended its use for LBW infants for over a decade.
The authors conducted a meta-analysis including 17 randomized clinical trials involving 17,668 participants. They found that KMC can significantly reduce neonatal mortality, lower hypothermia and sepsis rates, and reduce the duration of hospital stay. The authors suggest that KMC should be promoted, popularized, and standardized in clinical practice.
COVID-19 pandemic measures may have caused reduced cognitive abilities among German students, study shows20 Mar, 2023 | 13:50h | UTC
Summary: This study investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the cognitive abilities of secondary school students in Germany. The study compared the intelligence test performance of 424 students in Grades 7 to 9, tested after the first six months of the pandemic, to the results of two highly comparable student samples tested in 2002 and 2012.
The study found that the 2020 sample had substantially lower intelligence test scores than both the 2002 and 2012 samples. The study also retested the 2020 sample after another full school year of COVID-19-affected schooling in 2021 and found no signs of catching up to previous cohorts or further declines in cognitive performance.
It can be inferred from the article that the lower intelligence test scores of the 2020 sample may have been caused by the prolonged disruption of regular schooling due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including lockdowns and school closures.
The study highlights the potential negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the cognitive abilities of secondary school students and suggests that these consequences should be taken into account when conducting intelligence assessments in the post-pandemic era. It also recommends that appropriate compensatory measures be implemented to address any learning loss or cognitive deficits that may have resulted from the disruption of regular schooling during the pandemic.
News Release: After 6 months of disrupted schooling during COVID-19, German students scored substantially lower on intelligence tests than comparative earlier cohorts, with the gap persisting after 16 months – PLOS
A recent report from the World Obesity Federation has issued a warning that the number of people worldwide suffering from overweight or obesity could increase significantly by 2035, surpassing the 50% mark. The report, called the World Obesity Atlas 2023, also highlights the significant economic impact of this trend, estimating that the cost of overweight and obesity could reach $4.32tn annually by 2035, equivalent to almost 3% of the global GDP.
The report also identifies two groups that are particularly at risk: children and individuals from lower-income countries. Childhood obesity is a growing concern, as the report predicts it could double by 2035. Additionally, lower-income countries face a rapid increase in obesity prevalence, with nine out of 10 countries with the greatest expected increases in obesity coming from low or lower-middle income countries.
Report: World Obesity Atlas 2023
Global inequalities in the double burden of malnutrition and associations with globalization: a multilevel analysis of Demographic and Healthy Surveys from 55 low-income and middle-income countries, 1992–2018.
Article: Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and weight gain in children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Perspective | The other long Covid: the pandemic took young people’s present. What will it do to their future?3 Mar, 2023 | 14:05h | UTC
RCT | Impact of supplementation with milk–cereal mix during 6–12 months of age on growth at 12 months in Delhi, India2 Mar, 2023 | 12:50h | UTC
AAP Policy Statement | Crowding in the emergency department: challenges and recommendations for the care of children28 Feb, 2023 | 13:50h | UTC