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Outpatient Nutrition Care

FDA issues food industry guidance for reduction of sodium in processed and packaged foods.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:29h | UTC

News Release: To Improve Nutrition and Reduce the Burden of Disease, FDA Issues Food Industry Guidance for Voluntarily Reducing Sodium in Processed and Packaged Foods – U.S. Food & Drug Administration

Guidance for Industry: Voluntary Sodium Reduction Goals – U.S. Food & Drug Administration

Commentaries:

FDA Issues New Guidance on Sodium Targets for Food Industry – TCTMD

Reducing Sodium Intake in the US: Healthier Lives, Healthier Future – JAMA

FDA Reduces Recommended Salt Levels in Americans’ Food – HealthDay

FDA guidance to food industry aims to reduce sodium consumption – American Heart Association

New FDA guidance aims to drastically cut salt in food supply – NBC News

 


Former CDC director: Low sodium salt could save millions of lives.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:27h | UTC

Former CDC director: Low sodium salt could save millions of lives – CNN

Related:

Is salt good for you after all? The evidence says no.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

Systematic Review: Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease.

New WHO benchmarks help countries reduce salt intake and save lives.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Meta-Analysis: Effect of Reduction in Dietary Sodium on Blood Pressure Levels

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 


Systematic Review: “Formula milk trials have a high risk of bias, almost always report favorable conclusions, lack transparency, and selectively report findings”.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:25h | UTC

News release: Formula milk trials are not reliable, warn researchers – Imperial College London

Original study: Conduct and reporting of formula milk trials: systematic review – The BMJ

 


Meta-analysis of cohort studies: High intake of fatty acid in nuts, seeds and plant oils linked to lower risk of death.

15 Oct, 2021 | 02:22h | UTC

News release: High intake of fatty acid in nuts, seeds and plant oils linked to lower risk of death – The BMJ

Original study: Dietary intake and biomarkers of alpha linolenic acid and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies – The BMJ

Commentaries:

Current evidence on dietary intakes of fatty acids and mortality – The BMJ

Expert reaction to systematic review and meta-analysis on consumption of dietary fatty acids (alpha linolenic acid) and risk of death – Science Media Centre

Related: Total dietary fat intake, fat quality, and health outcomes: A scoping review of systematic reviews of prospective studies.

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Podcast with Dr Walter Willett: CardioNutrition – Why are findings from prospective, epidemiologic cohort studies important in informing dietary recommendations?

14 Oct, 2021 | 09:49h | UTC

ACC CardiaCast: CardioNutrition – Why Are Findings From Prospective, Epidemiologic Cohort Studies Important In Informing Dietary Recommendations? – American College of Cardiology

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A: Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation.

13 Oct, 2021 | 01:27h | UTC

Effect of Long-Term Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplementation on the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Randomized Controlled Trials of Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Circulation (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

M-A: Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation increases the risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with lipid disorders.

More data suggests no cardiovascular benefit from Omega-3 supplementation – secondary analysis of STRENGHT trial did not show an association between achieved Omega-3 fatty acid levels and major adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with high cardiovascular risk.

RCT: Omega-3 supplements do not reduce cardiovascular events in elderly patients after myocardial infarction

#AHA20 – Randomized trial: High-dose Omega-3 fatty acids did not reduce the risk of cardiac events in patients at high cardiovascular risk

Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials: Little Benefit from Omega-3 Intake to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: FODMAPs, but not gluten, elicit modest symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

13 Oct, 2021 | 01:25h | UTC

FODMAPs, but not gluten, elicit modest symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized three-way crossover trial – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Optimal diet for cardiovascular and planetary health.

13 Oct, 2021 | 01:22h | UTC

Optimal diet for cardiovascular and planetary health – Heart

 


Is salt good for you after all? The evidence says no.

6 Oct, 2021 | 08:52h | UTC

Is salt good for you after all? The evidence says no – The Conversation

Related:

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

Systematic Review: Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease.

New WHO benchmarks help countries reduce salt intake and save lives.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Meta-Analysis: Effect of Reduction in Dietary Sodium on Blood Pressure Levels

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 


Evaluating agreement between bodies of evidence from randomized controlled trials and cohort studies in nutrition research: meta-epidemiological study.

5 Oct, 2021 | 08:48h | UTC

Evaluating agreement between bodies of evidence from randomised controlled trials and cohort studies in nutrition research: meta-epidemiological study – The BMJ

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Effects of 30 days of ketogenic diet on body composition, muscle strength, muscle area, metabolism, and performance in semi-professional soccer players.

5 Oct, 2021 | 08:47h | UTC

Effects of 30 days of ketogenic diet on body composition, muscle strength, muscle area, metabolism, and performance in semi-professional soccer players – Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

 


Ketogenic diets in the management of type 1 diabetes: Safe or safety concern?

3 Oct, 2021 | 22:28h | UTC

Ketogenic diets in the management of type 1 diabetes: Safe or safety concern? – Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine

 


Total dietary fat intake, fat quality, and health outcomes: A scoping review of systematic reviews of prospective studies.

1 Oct, 2021 | 10:16h | UTC

Total Dietary Fat Intake, Fat Quality, and Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review of Systematic Reviews of Prospective Studies – Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

 


RCT: A structured program of diet and exercise significantly reduced blood pressure and cardiovascular disease biomarkers in patients with resistant hypertension.

30 Sep, 2021 | 10:14h | UTC

Effects of Lifestyle Modification on Patients With Resistant Hypertension: Results of the TRIUMPH Randomized Clinical Trial – Circulation

News release: Healthy changes in diet, activity improved treatment-resistant high blood pressure – American Heart Association

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


European guideline on indications, performance, and clinical impact of hydrogen and methane breath tests in adult and pediatric patients.

24 Sep, 2021 | 08:54h | UTC

European guideline on indications, performance, and clinical impact of hydrogen and methane breath tests in adult and pediatric patients: European Association for Gastroenterology, Endoscopy and Nutrition, European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition consensus- UEG Journal

 


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A patient guideline.

19 Sep, 2021 | 23:35h | UTC

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A patient guideline – JHEP Reports

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review | Recommendations and Nutritional Considerations for Female Athletes: Health and Performance.

15 Sep, 2021 | 08:49h | UTC

Recommendations and Nutritional Considerations for Female Athletes: Health and Performance – Sports Medicine

 


Blood Glucose Monitoring in Adults and Children with Diabetes: Update 2021.

14 Sep, 2021 | 08:57h | UTC

Blood Glucose Monitoring in Adults and Children with Diabetes: Update 2021 – Canadian Journal of Diabetes

 


The carbohydrate-insulin model: a physiological perspective on the obesity pandemic.

14 Sep, 2021 | 08:53h | UTC

The carbohydrate-insulin model: a physiological perspective on the obesity pandemic – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

News release: Scientists claim that overeating is not the primary cause of obesity – American Society for nutrition

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


New Canadian study confirms the excess mortality associated with eating disorders.

10 Sep, 2021 | 05:03h | UTC

New Canadian study confirms the excess mortality associated with eating disorders – The Mental Elf

Original study: Excess mortality associated with eating disorders: population-based cohort study – The British Journal of Psychiatry

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


A large observational study suggests eating a plant-rich diet could reduce the risk of developing severe COVID-19.

9 Sep, 2021 | 09:51h | UTC

Eating a plant rich diet reduces risk of developing COVID-19 – King’s College London

Original study: Diet quality and risk and severity of COVID-19: a prospective cohort study – Gut

 


Tube feeding for people with severe dementia: making decisions.

7 Sep, 2021 | 10:39h | UTC

Tube feeding for people with severe dementia: making decisions – Evidently Cochrane

Original article: Systematic review: Enteral tube feeding for people with severe dementia – “We found no evidence that tube feeding improves survival; improves quality of life; reduces pain; reduces mortality; decreases behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia”.

 


ESPEN practical guideline: Clinical nutrition in chronic intestinal failure.

7 Sep, 2021 | 10:32h | UTC

ESPEN practical guideline: Clinical nutrition in chronic intestinal failure – Clinical Nutrition

 


Systematic review: evaluation of dietary patterns and all-cause mortality.

6 Sep, 2021 | 10:43h | UTC

Evaluation of Dietary Patterns and All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review – JAMA Network Open

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Study shows young children gained weight during the pandemic.

31 Aug, 2021 | 08:59h | UTC

News release: Young children gained weight during the pandemic – Kaiser Permanente

Original study: Changes in Body Mass Index Among Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic – JAMA

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


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