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Outpatient Nutrition Care

Guideline on the management of IgE-mediated food allergies.

22 Jul, 2021 | 10:34h | UTC

Update of the S2k guideline on the management of IgE-mediated food allergies – Allergologie Select

 


UK National Food Strategy: Tax sugar and salt and prescribe veg, report says.

21 Jul, 2021 | 10:30h | UTC

National Food Strategy: Tax sugar and salt and prescribe veg, report says – BBC

Report: National Food Strategy Independent Review

Related: Fiscal policies for diet and the prevention of noncommunicable diseases – World Health Organization (free) AND  The Lancet taskforce on NCDs and economics (free series and commentaries) To improve global health, tax the things that are killing us – Financial Times (free policies, articles and commentaries) AND Reducing cardiovascular disease burden through targeted dietary policies (free study and commentaries) AND Fiscal policies for the prevention of diseases (free study and commentary) AND The potential impact of food taxes and subsidies on cardiovascular disease and diabetes burden and disparities (free)

 


Study: Coffee consumption not linked to increased incidence of tachyarrhythmias.

20 Jul, 2021 | 10:02h | UTC

Coffee Consumption and Incident Tachyarrhythmias: Reported Behavior, Mendelian Randomization, and Their Interactions – JAMA Internal Medicine

Invited commentary: Another Cup of Coffee Without an Arrhythmia, Please

Author interview: Coffee Consumption and Incident Tachyarrhythmias

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort study: Increased risk of long-term risk of anemia after bariatric surgery – Compared with the control group, the incidence of anemia was higher in the gastric bypass group (HR 5.05), the vertical-banded gastroplasty group (HR 2.67), and the gastric banding group (HR 2.76).

15 Jul, 2021 | 09:10h | UTC

Long-term risk of anaemia after bariatric surgery: results from the Swedish Obese Subjects study – The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Global burden of cancer attributable to alcohol consumption – “Globally, an estimated 741.300, or 4·1% of all new cases of cancer in 2020 were attributable to alcohol consumption”.

14 Jul, 2021 | 11:07h | UTC

Global burden of cancer in 2020 attributable to alcohol consumption: a population-based study – The Lancet Oncology

News release: Alcohol consumption linked to more than 740,000 new cancer cases in 2020 – The Lancet

Commentaries: Alcohol caused 740,000 cancer cases globally last year – study – The Guardian AND Expert reaction to study of alcohol and cancer – Science Media Centre

 


M-A: Global prevalence of functional constipation according to the Rome criteria.

13 Jul, 2021 | 09:17h | UTC

Global prevalence of functional constipation according to the Rome criteria: a systematic review and meta-analysis – The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Systematic Review: Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease.

9 Jul, 2021 | 09:52h | UTC

Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease – Cochrane Library

Summary: Altered dietary salt intake for adults with chronic kidney disease – Cochrane Library

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Dietary recommendations for prevention of atherosclerosis.

8 Jul, 2021 | 09:03h | UTC

Dietary recommendations for prevention of atherosclerosis – Cardiovascular Research

News Release: What should I eat to avoid heart disease? – European Society of Cardiology

Commentary: Plant-Based Diet Best for Your Heart – HealthDay

 


ACSM Expert Consensus Statement on Weight Loss in Weight-Category Sports.

6 Jul, 2021 | 09:59h | UTC

ACSM Expert Consensus Statement on Weight Loss in Weight-Category Sports – Current Sports Medicine Reports

News release: ACSM Publishes New Guidance for Safer Practices in Weight-Category Sports – American College of Sports Medicine

Commentary: Mixed martial arts and the danger of extreme weight cutting – The Conversation

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: Consuming a diet with more fish fats, less vegetable oils can reduce migraine headaches.

5 Jul, 2021 | 01:51h | UTC

News release: Consuming a diet with more fish fats, less vegetable oils can reduce migraine headaches – NIH News Releases

Original study: Dietary alteration of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids for headache reduction in adults with migraine: randomized controlled trial – The BMJ

Editorial: Dietary omega 3 fatty acids for migraine

Commentary: Expert reaction to a study looking at diets rich in omega 3 fatty acids and headache in adults with migraine – Science Media Centre

 


RCT: Among patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome, a low FODMAP diet achieved earlier symptomatic improvements in stool frequency and excessive wind.

30 Jun, 2021 | 10:09h | UTC

Low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols diet compared with traditional dietary advice for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome: a parallel-group, randomized controlled trial with analysis of clinical and microbiological factors associated with patient outcomes – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Viewpoint | Progress in Pharmacotherapy for Obesity.

24 Jun, 2021 | 09:46h | UTC

Progress in Pharmacotherapy for Obesity – JAMA (free for a limited period)

See also: Semaglutide’s Success Could Usher in a “New Dawn” for Obesity Treatment – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Audio clinical review: Semaglutide for Weight Loss

 


More data suggests no cardiovascular benefit from Omega-3 supplementation – secondary analysis of STRENGHT trial did not show an association between achieved Omega-3 fatty acid levels and major adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with high cardiovascular risk.

8 Jun, 2021 | 09:19h | UTC

Association Between Achieved ω-3 Fatty Acid Levels and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With High Cardiovascular Risk: A Secondary Analysis of the STRENGTH Trial – JAMA Cardiology

Original study: #AHA20 – Randomized trial: High-dose Omega-3 fatty acids did not reduce the risk of cardiac events in patients at high cardiovascular risk

Commentaries: Higher blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids from prescription fish oil showed no effect on CV events – American College of Cardiology

 


RCT: Among patients with Type 2 diabetes treated with basal insulin with poor glycemic control (mean baseline HbA1c level = 9.1%), continuous glucose monitoring reduced HbA1c level by 0.4% compared to usual care (8.0% and 8.4%). Patient engagement (i.e., adherence, diet, physical activity in response to CGM readings) was the most likely source of improved glycemic control.

3 Jun, 2021 | 10:54h | UTC

Effect of Continuous Glucose Monitoring on Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Basal Insulin: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA

Editorial: Broadening Access to Continuous Glucose Monitoring for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes – JAMA

Commentary: Studies support wider CGM access in type 2 diabetes – medwire News

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


USPSTF Statement: Clinicians should offer behavioral counseling interventions to promote healthy weight gain and prevent excess gestational weight gain in pregnancy.

1 Jun, 2021 | 08:08h | UTC

Healthy Weight and Weight Gain In Pregnancy: Behavioral Counseling Interventions – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Editorial: Behavioral Counseling Interventions for Healthy Weight During Pregnancy: An Ambitious Endeavor – JAMA

Evidence Report: Counseling and Behavioral Interventions for Healthy Weight and Weight Gain in Pregnancy – JAMA

Author Interview: USPSTF Recommendation: Behavioral Counseling Interventions for Healthy Weight and Weight Gain in Pregnancy – JAMA

JAMA Patient Page: Behavioral Interventions for Healthy Weight Gain During Pregnancy

 


24-week randomized controlled trial: Mixed tree nut snacks resulted in similar weight loss and increased satiety compared to refined carbohydrate snacks in a weight loss and maintenance program.

20 May, 2021 | 08:28h | UTC

Mixed Tree Nut Snacks Compared to Refined Carbohydrate Snacks Resulted in Weight Loss and Increased Satiety during Both Weight Loss and Weight Maintenance: A 24-Week Randomized Controlled Trial – Nutrients

Commentary: Mixed tree nut snacks result in significant weight loss and improved satiety – News Medical

 


Study shows BMI cut-offs for obesity and diabetes risk do not work for non-white populations.

12 May, 2021 | 08:41h | UTC

Study shows BMI cut offs for obesity and diabetes risk do not work for non-white populations – European Association for the Study of Obesity

Original study: Ethnicity-specific BMI cutoffs for obesity based on type 2 diabetes risk in England: a population-based cohort study – The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology

 


M-A: Metabolic–bariatric surgery is associated with increased long-term survival in adults with obesity, the effects being more pronounced for people with pre-existing diabetes

11 May, 2021 | 09:11h | UTC

Association of metabolic–bariatric surgery with long-term survival in adults with and without diabetes: a one-stage meta-analysis of matched cohort and prospective controlled studies with 174 772 participants – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Practice Guideline: Prevention and management of allergic reactions to food in child care centers and schools

11 May, 2021 | 09:06h | UTC

Prevention and management of allergic reactions to food in child care centers and schools: Practice guideline – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

 

Commentary on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


M-A: Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation increases the risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with lipid disorders.

10 May, 2021 | 01:00h | UTC

Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation and risk of atrial fibrillation: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy

Commentaries: Fish oil supplements linked with heart rhythm disorder – European Society of Cardiology AND Could High-Dose Fish Oil Raise Odds for A-Fib in Heart Patients? – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort study: Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in adulthood and adolescence linked to increased risk of early-onset colorectal cancer among women

7 May, 2021 | 08:22h | UTC

Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in adulthood and adolescence and risk of early-onset colorectal cancer among women – Gut

Commentaries: Daily intake of two or more sugar-sweetened drinks associated with higher bowel cancer risk – BMJ AND Expert reaction to study looking at sugary drinks intake and incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer among women – Science Media Centre

 


RCT: The combination of liraglutide + exercise improves weight loss maintenance more than either treatment alone.

6 May, 2021 | 08:52h | UTC

Healthy Weight Loss Maintenance with Exercise, Liraglutide, or Both Combined – New England Journal of Medicine

Commentary: Liraglutide beneficial for post-diet weight loss maintenance – Medwire News

 


Guideline: Diagnosis and treatment of neurogenic dysphagia.

6 May, 2021 | 08:51h | UTC

Diagnosis and treatment of neurogenic dysphagia – S1 guideline of the German Society of Neurology – Neurological Research and Practice

 


New WHO benchmarks help countries reduce salt intake and save lives.

6 May, 2021 | 08:47h | UTC

New WHO benchmarks help countries reduce salt intake and save lives – World Health Organization

Publication: WHO global sodium benchmarks for different food categories – World Health Organization

 


USPSTF Draft Statement: Insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements for the prevention of CVD or cancer. The statement also recommends against the use of beta-carotene (increases risk of CVD mortality and lung cancer) or vitamin E (clear evidence of no benefit)

5 May, 2021 | 08:30h | UTC

Draft Recommendation Statement: Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Draft Evidence Review: Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer

 


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