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Outpatient Nutrition Care

Cohort Study | Modifiable risk factors may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with a history of gestational diabetes.

23 Sep, 2022 | 13:08h | UTC

Modifiable risk factors and long term risk of type 2 diabetes among individuals with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: prospective cohort study – The BMJ

News Release: Healthy lifestyle linked to 90% lower risk of diabetes in susceptible women – BMJ Newsroom

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


M-A of randomized trials | Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition.

20 Sep, 2022 | 13:24h | UTC

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis – The Lancet Health Longevity

Invited Commentary: Do oral nutritional supplements effectively reduce malnutrition or its adverse outcomes in older people with frailty? – The Lancet Health Longevity

 


Diet and irritable bowel syndrome: an update from a UK consensus meeting.

19 Sep, 2022 | 12:42h | UTC

Diet and irritable bowel syndrome: an update from a UK consensus meeting – BMC Medicine

Related:

M-A | Efficacy of a restrictive diet in irritable bowel syndrome.

Diet or medication in primary care patients with IBS: the DOMINO study – a randomised trial supported by the Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre (KCE Trials Programme) and the Rome Foundation Research Institute – Gut

AGA Clinical Practice Update on the Role of Diet in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Expert Review – Gastroenterology

RCT: Efficacy and acceptability of dietary therapies in non-constipated irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized trial of traditional dietary advice, the low FODMAP diet and the gluten-free diet.

10 mistakes in dietary management of irritable bowel syndrome and how to avoid them.

Supplement: Irritable bowel syndrome and related conditions.

RCT: FODMAPs, but not gluten, elicit modest symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

RCT: Among patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome, a low FODMAP diet achieved earlier symptomatic improvements in stool frequency and excessive wind.

British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome

Guidelines for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

ACG Clinical Guideline: Management of irritable bowel syndrome

M-A: Efficacy of a low-FODMAP diet in adult irritable bowel syndrome

 


Nutrition assessment and management in patients with cirrhosis and cognitive impairment: a comprehensive review of literature.

19 Sep, 2022 | 12:29h | UTC

Nutrition Assessment and Management in Patients with Cirrhosis and Cognitive Impairment: A Comprehensive Review of Literature – Journal of Clinical Medicine

Commentary: Review Outlines Nutrition Assessment, Management in Patients With Cirrhosis – AJMC

 


RCT | Effects of cocoa extract and a multivitamin on cognitive function.

15 Sep, 2022 | 13:14h | UTC

Effects of cocoa extract and a multivitamin on cognitive function: A randomized clinical trial – Alzheimer’s & Dementia

Commentary: Daily multivitamins improved the brain function of seniors in a trial — but plenty of questions remain – STAT

 


Study | Vitamin D3 and omega-3 fatty acids not helpful in reducing the risk of frailty.

14 Sep, 2022 | 13:20h | UTC

News Release: Vitamin D3 and omega-3 fatty acids not helpful in reducing risk of frailty – Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Original Study: Effect of Vitamin D3 and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Risk of Frailty: An Ancillary Study of a Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Network Open

Invited Commentary: There Is No Magic Pill to Prevent Frailty—You Still Have to Eat Your Vegetables – JAMA Network Open

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Cohort Study | Risk factors for heart disease and stroke are largely similar in men and women globally.

14 Sep, 2022 | 13:18h | UTC

News Release: Risk factors for heart disease and stroke are largely similar in men and women globally, finds study – McMaster University

Original Study: Metabolic, behavioural, and psychosocial risk factors and cardiovascular disease in women compared with men in 21 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: an analysis of the PURE study – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

https://twitter.com/TheLancet/status/1569636002762817536

 


Cohort study showed a possible link between artificial sweeteners and heart disease.

11 Sep, 2022 | 22:55h | UTC

News Release: Possible link between artificial sweeteners and heart disease – BMJ Newsroom

Original Study: Artificial sweeteners and risk of cardiovascular diseases: results from the prospective NutriNet-Santé cohort – The BMJ

 


Systematic Review | Surgery for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents.

11 Sep, 2022 | 22:29h | UTC

Surgery for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents – Cochrane Library

Summary: Surgery for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents – Cochrane Library

 


Cohort Study | Habitual alcohol intake and risk of atrial fibrillation in young adults.

5 Sep, 2022 | 14:33h | UTC

Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea – JAMA Network Open

Invited Commentary: Self-reported Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation – JAMA Network Open

 


The Australian obesity management algorithm: a simple tool to guide the management of obesity in primary care.

5 Sep, 2022 | 14:31h | UTC

The Australian Obesity Management Algorithm: A simple tool to guide the management of obesity in primary care – Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

 


Cohort Studies | Increased consumption of ultra-processed foods linked to increased risk of mortality and cancer.

2 Sep, 2022 | 13:15h | UTC

Study 1: Association of ultra-processed food consumption with colorectal cancer risk among men and women: results from three prospective US cohort studies – The BMJ

Study 2: Joint association of food nutritional profile by Nutri-Score front-of-pack label and ultra-processed food intake with mortality: Moli-sani prospective cohort study – The BMJ

Editorial: The trouble with ultra-processed foods – The BMJ

Commentaries:

Expert reaction to two studies looking at ultra-processed foods and heart disease, bowel cancer and death – Science Media Centre

Ultraprocessed foods linked to cancer and early death, studies find – CNN

New research gives more reasons to eat less-processed food – The Guardian

 


Relationship between maternal caffeine and coffee intake and pregnancy loss: a grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation-assessed, dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies.

31 Aug, 2022 | 11:35h | UTC

Relationship between maternal caffeine and coffee intake and pregnancy loss: A grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation-assessed, dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies – Frontiers in Nutrition

Related: Cohort study: Even small amounts of Caffeine consumption in pregnancy were linked to smaller neonatal birth size

 


Salt substitutes vs. regular salt: a quick look.

30 Aug, 2022 | 12:02h | UTC

Salt substitutes vs. regular salt: a quick look – Evidently Cochrane

Original Study: Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women – Cochrane Library

Related:

Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Heart (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Cluster RCT: A household salt substitution intervention is a cost-effective intervention for preventing stroke and improving quality of life.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Editorial | Rise of intravenous nutrition products among professional team sport athletes: reasons to be concerned?

22 Aug, 2022 | 12:20h | UTC

Rise of intravenous nutrition products among professional team sport athletes: reasons to be concerned? – British Journal of Sports Medicine (free for a limited period)

News Release: IV nutrition risks becoming the norm for athletes, despite no evidence it works – BMJ Newsroom

Commentary: More Athletes Are Getting Their Nutrition Through an IV. This Should Stop, Experts Say – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Modeling Study | Reducing daily salt intake in China by 1 g could prevent almost 9 million cardiovascular events by 2030.

18 Aug, 2022 | 12:42h | UTC

Reducing daily salt intake in China by 1 g could prevent almost 9 million cardiovascular events by 2030: a modelling study – BMJ Nutrition Prevention & Health

News Release: 1 g cut in daily salt intake could ward off nearly 9 million cases of stroke/heart disease in China – BMJ Newsroom

 


Perspective | Is there an optimal diet for primordial prevention of atherosclerosis?

17 Aug, 2022 | 14:23h | UTC

Is there an optimal diet for primordial prevention of atherosclerosis? – European Journal of Cardiology

 


Pre-post study | Junk food advertising restrictions linked to reductions in high fat, salt and sugar product purchases.

17 Aug, 2022 | 14:21h | UTC

Changes in household food and drink purchases following restrictions on the advertisement of high fat, salt, and sugar products across the Transport for London network: A controlled interrupted time series analysis – PLOS Medicine

News Release: Transport for London’s junk food advertising restrictions linked to reductions in high fat, salt and sugar product purchases – London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Commentaries:

Advertising ban was linked to lower purchases of unhealthy food and drink – National Institute for Health and Care Research

TfL junk food advert ban: Has the policy cut obesity? – BBC

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter (thread – click for more)

 


Supplement | Evidence for global health care interventions for preterm or low birth weight infants.

12 Aug, 2022 | 15:16h | UTC

Homepage: Evidence for Global Health Care Interventions for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants – Pediatrics

Introduction to Evidence for Global Health Care Interventions for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants

Evidence for Global Health Care Interventions for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: An Overview of Systematic Reviews

Mother’s Own Milk Compared With Formula Milk for Feeding Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Early Enteral Feeding for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Responsive Feeding for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Fast Feed Advancement for Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding for Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Iron Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Zinc Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Vitamin D Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Low-Dose Vitamin A Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants to Prevent Morbidity and Mortality: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Calcium or Phosphorus Supplementation in Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Enteral Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation in Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Family Involvement in the Routine Care of Hospitalized Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

 


Podcast | Vitamin and mineral supplementation: a USPSTF update.

12 Aug, 2022 | 14:23h | UTC

#345 Vitamin and Mineral supplementation: A USPSTF Update with Dr. Michael Barry – The Curbsiders

Related: USPSTF Statement: The current evidence is insufficient to recommend vitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

 


Cohort Study | Risk of hip fracture in meat-eaters, pescatarians, and vegetarians.

11 Aug, 2022 | 12:11h | UTC

Risk of hip fracture in meat-eaters, pescatarians, and vegetarians: results from the UK Women’s Cohort Study – BMC Medicine

News Release: Vegetarian women are at a higher risk of hip fracture – University of Leeds

 


M-A | Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes.

10 Aug, 2022 | 15:40h | UTC

Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Heart

Commentary: Swapping salt for substitutes reduces risk of stroke and heart conditions – study – The Guardian

Related:

Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women – Cochrane Library

Cluster RCT: A household salt substitution intervention is a cost-effective intervention for preventing stroke and improving quality of life.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter

 


Systematic Review | Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women.

10 Aug, 2022 | 15:38h | UTC

Replacing salt with low‐sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) for cardiovascular health in adults, children and pregnant women – Cochrane Library

Summary: Does using low-sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) instead of regular salt reduce blood pressure and heart disease risks, and is it safe? – Cochrane Library

Related:

Effects of salt substitutes on clinical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Heart

Cluster RCT: A household salt substitution intervention is a cost-effective intervention for preventing stroke and improving quality of life.

#ESCCongress – Cluster RCT: Among patients at increased risk for stroke, salt substitution (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass) reduced the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause.

RCT: Reduced-sodium added-potassium salt substitute reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Potassium Enriched Salt Substitution Could Prevent a Large Number of Cardiovascular Deaths

Cluster Randomized Trial: Effect of Salt Substitution on Community-wide Blood Pressure and Hypertension Incidence

 


RCT | Effectiveness of early time-restricted eating for weight loss, fat loss, and cardiometabolic health in adults with obesity.

9 Aug, 2022 | 12:59h | UTC

Effectiveness of Early Time-Restricted Eating for Weight Loss, Fat Loss, and Cardiometabolic Health in Adults With Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Internal Medicine

Author Interview: Effectiveness of Early Time-Restricted Eating for Weight Loss and Fat Loss in Adults With Obesity – JAMA

Commentaries:

Time-Restricted Eating to Improve Health—A Promising Idea in Need of Stronger Clinical Trial Evidence – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Expert reaction to study looking at early time-restricted eating and weight loss in obese adults – Science Media Centre

Related:

Effects of Intermittent Fasting in Human Compared to a Non-intervention Diet and Caloric Restriction: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials – Frontiers in Nutrition

Time-Restricted Eating: Integrating The What With The When – Advances in Nutrition

Calorie Restriction with or without Time-Restricted Eating in Weight Loss- New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Intermittent Fasting and Obesity-Related Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses of Randomized Clinical Trials – JAMA Network Open

 


Guideline | Preventing obesity in midlife women.

3 Aug, 2022 | 14:37h | UTC

Preventing Obesity in Midlife Women: A Recommendation From the Women’s Preventive Services Initiative – Annals of Internal Medicine

News Release: Women’s Preventive Services Initiative issues guidelines for preventing obesity in midlife women – American College of Physicians

Commentary: Counseling Can Prevent Obesity in Normal, Overweight Women – HealthDay

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


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