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Outpatient Nutrition Care

No amount of alcohol is good for the heart, says World Heart Federation.

24 Jan, 2022 | 08:23h | UTC

News Release: No amount of alcohol is good for the heart, says World Heart Federation

Report: The Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Cardiovascular Health: Myths and Measures – World Heart Federation

Commentary: No amount of alcohol is good for the heart, new report says, but critics disagree on science – CNN

 


Clinical review of subcutaneous Semaglutide for obesity.

24 Jan, 2022 | 07:54h | UTC

Clinical review of subcutaneous semaglutide for obesity – Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics

 


M-A: the accuracy of serological tests to support the diagnosis of celiac disease.

20 Jan, 2022 | 09:02h | UTC

Systematic review with meta-analysis: the accuracy of serological tests to support the diagnosis of coeliac disease – Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

 


RCT: Oral Vitamin D supplementation (60.000 IU per month) did not reduce mortality in patients 60 years or older (unscreened individuals in Australia, many without insufficiency, average 30ng/mL). Exploratory analyses pointed towards an increased risk of death from cancer.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:13h | UTC

The D-Health Trial: a randomised controlled trial of the effect of vitamin D on mortality – The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related:

Randomized Trial: Vitamin D Supplements and Prevention of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

Meta-Analysis: Vitamin D Not Effective for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Association between vitamin D supplementation and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ

USPSTF Draft Statement: Insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements for the prevention of CVD or cancer. The statement also recommends against the use of beta-carotene (increases risk of CVD mortality and lung cancer) or vitamin E (clear evidence of no benefit)

Vitamin D, calcium, other vitamins, and supplements do not prevent cardiovascular diseases

Research: Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers

Research: Vitamin D and risk of total and site specific cancers

 


RCT: Vitamin D supplementation is not beneficial for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer.

16 Jan, 2022 | 23:11h | UTC

Vitamin D supplementation and prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Finnish Vitamin D Trial-a randomized controlled trial – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

News Release: Five years of high-dose vitamin D did not affect incidence of cardiovascular disease or cancer – University of Eastern Finland

Related:

Randomized Trial: Vitamin D Supplements and Prevention of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

Meta-Analysis: Vitamin D Not Effective for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Association between vitamin D supplementation and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ

USPSTF Draft Statement: Insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements for the prevention of CVD or cancer. The statement also recommends against the use of beta-carotene (increases risk of CVD mortality and lung cancer) or vitamin E (clear evidence of no benefit)

Vitamin D, calcium, other vitamins, and supplements do not prevent cardiovascular diseases

Research: Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers

Research: Vitamin D and risk of total and site specific cancers

 


Analysis: Sarcopenia: early prevention or overdiagnosis?

16 Jan, 2022 | 22:48h | UTC

Sarcopenia: early prevention or overdiagnosis? – The BMJ

Related: Overdiagnosis: it’s official – the term is now included in the medical subject headings (MeSH) vocabulary. (several articles on the subject)

 

Commentary from the author on Twitter

 


M-A: Intermittent Fasting and Obesity-Related Health Outcomes.

13 Jan, 2022 | 08:22h | UTC

Intermittent Fasting and Obesity-Related Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses of Randomized Clinical Trials – JAMA Network Open

 


Cohort Study: Higher consumption of olive oil linked to lower risk of cardiovascular, cancer, and all-cause mortality.

12 Jan, 2022 | 08:41h | UTC

Consumption of Olive Oil and Risk of Total and Cause-Specific Mortality Among U.S. Adults – Journal of the American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries:

Higher olive oil intake associated with lower risk of CVD mortality – American College of Cardiology

Higher Olive Oil Intake May Be Associated With Lower Risk of CVD Mortality – American College of Cardiology

 


Guideline: ADA 2022 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes.

24 Dec, 2021 | 13:38h | UTC

Guideline Homepage: ADA 2022 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – American Diabetes Association

Introduction: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022

Summary of Revisions: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022 Guideline Abridged for Primary Care Providers

Video Summary: Standards of Care in Diabetes – 2022

  1. Improving Care and Promoting Health in Populations
  2. Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes 
  3. Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes and Associated Comorbidities
  4. Comprehensive Medical Evaluation and Assessment of Comorbidities
  5. Facilitating Behavior Change and Well-being to Improve Health Outcomes
  6. Glycemic Targets
  7. Diabetes Technology
  8. Obesity and Weight Management for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes
  9. Pharmacologic Approaches to Glycemic Treatment
  10. Cardiovascular Disease and Risk Management
  11. Chronic Kidney Disease and Risk Management
  12. Retinopathy, Neuropathy, and Foot Care
  13. Older Adults
  14. Children and Adolescents
  15. Management of Diabetes in Pregnancy
  16. Diabetes Care in the Hospital
  17. Diabetes Advocacy

 

Commentaries on Twitter

 


RCT: Long-term supplementation with marine Omega-3 fatty acids does not reduce the risk of depressive symptoms.

8 Jan, 2022 | 23:10h | UTC

Effect of Long-term Supplementation With Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids vs Placebo on Risk of Depression or Clinically Relevant Depressive Symptoms and on Change in Mood Scores: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Clinical trial reveals that omega-3 fish oil supplements do not help prevent depression – Massachusetts General Hospital

 


M-A: Association of Glucagon-like Peptide 1 Analogs and agonists administered for obesity with weight loss and adverse events.

28 Nov, 2021 | 21:09h | UTC

Association of Glucagon-like Peptide 1 Analogs and Agonists Administered for Obesity with Weight Loss and Adverse Events: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis – EClinicalMedicine

 


Systematic Review: Insufficient evidence to recommend Omega‐3 fatty acids for depression in adults.

26 Nov, 2021 | 09:54h | UTC

Omega‐3 fatty acids for depression in adults – Cochrane Library

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Diets for weight management in adults with type 2 diabetes: an umbrella review of published meta-analyses and systematic review of trials of diets for diabetes remission – “Published meta-analyses of hypocaloric diets for weight management in people with type 2 diabetes do not support any particular macronutrient profile or style over others”.

25 Nov, 2021 | 10:19h | UTC

Diets for weight management in adults with type 2 diabetes: an umbrella review of published meta-analyses and systematic review of trials of diets for diabetes remission – Diabetologia

News Release: Analysis shows low energy diets with formula meal replacements are the most effective methods for weight management and remission in adults with type 2 diabetes – Diabetologia

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


RCT: A brief 5:2 diet advice resulted in similar weight loss at one year vs. a standard multicomponent weight-management advice (-2.6kg vs. -1.9kg, p = 0.37).

24 Nov, 2021 | 08:29h | UTC

A randomised controlled trial of the 5:2 diet – PLOS One

News Release: Brief 5:2 diet advice is as effective as traditional GP advice, but people like it better, according to new study – Queen Mary University of London

Commentary: Fasting 2 days a week can help obese people keep off the weight with modest results, study finds – CNN

 


AAP Clinical Report: Promoting Human Milk and Breastfeeding for the Very Low Birth Weight Infant.

19 Nov, 2021 | 10:35h | UTC

Promoting Human Milk and Breastfeeding for the Very Low Birth Weight Infant – Pediatrics

 


RCT: Adjustable intragastric balloon resulted in significant weight loss at 32 weeks, but intolerance caused early removal of the device in 17% of patients, and device-related serious adverse events were observed in 4% of patients.

17 Nov, 2021 | 08:26h | UTC

Adjustable intragastric balloon for treatment of obesity: a multicentre, open-label, randomised clinical trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Long-term follow up of randomized trials found that children who were given nutrient or supplement enriched formula milk as babies didn’t have higher academic performances as adolescents.

17 Nov, 2021 | 08:14h | UTC

News release: Study finds no benefit of enriched formula milks on later academic performance – British Medical Journal

Original Study: Effect of nutritionally modified infant formula on academic performance: linkage of seven dormant randomised controlled trials to national education data – The BMJ

Editorial: Enriched formula milks and academic performance in later childhood – The BMJ

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


#AHA21 – Among patients with intermittent atrial fibrillation, n-of-1 trials with 466 patients found alcohol, but not caffeine, increased the risk of atrial fibrillation events.

16 Nov, 2021 | 08:29h | UTC

Individualized Studies of Triggers of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: The I-STOP-AFib Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Cardiology (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Avoiding AF Triggers Doesn’t Improve Quality of Life: I-STOP-AFib – TCTMD

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


#AHA21 – Pooled data from six prospective cohorts found higher sodium and lower potassium intakes were associated in a dose–response manner with a higher cardiovascular risk.

14 Nov, 2021 | 19:58h | UTC

24-Hour Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion and Cardiovascular Risk – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Less sodium and more potassium could be key in lowering risk of cardiovascular disease – The Harvard Gazette

Related study: Cohort Study: Joint Association of Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion with Cardiovascular Events and Mortality

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Among patients with cancer who received decompressive G-tubes for nutrition or malignant bowel obstruction, nearly half presented with stage IV disease and died within one month of placement.

12 Nov, 2021 | 09:55h | UTC

Gastrostomy Tube for Nutrition and Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Patients with Cancer – Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Commentary: Risks and Benefits Associated With Gastrostomy Tubes for Patients With Cancer – The ASCO Post

 


M-A: Low vitamin D levels do not aggravate COVID-19 risk or death, and vitamin D supplementation does not improve outcomes in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

11 Nov, 2021 | 08:53h | UTC

Low vitamin D levels do not aggravate COVID-19 risk or death, and vitamin D supplementation does not improve outcomes in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a meta-analysis and GRADE assessment of cohort studies and RCTs – Nutritional Journal

 


Consensus Statement: Advancing the global public health agenda for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

11 Nov, 2021 | 08:48h | UTC

Advancing the global public health agenda for NAFLD: a consensus statement – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Related:

Clinical Care Pathway for the Risk Stratification and Management of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A patient guideline.

State of the art review: Management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

M-A: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease linked to increased risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events.

M-A: non-invasive tests for advanced fibrosis can reduce the need for biopsy in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Review: Dietary carbohydrates and fats in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Lower carbohydrate diets for adults with type 2 diabetes.

4 Nov, 2021 | 09:55h | UTC

Lower carbohydrate diets for adults with type 2 diabetes – British Journal of Nutrition

Related:

Meta-analysis of randomized trials: patients adhering to a low carbohydrate diet for six months may experience remission of diabetes without adverse consequences

Low carbohydrate diet: Insights from a general practice service in patients with type 2 diabetes

Position Statement on Low-Carbohydrate Diets for Adults with Diabetes

Low Carbohydrate Diets for Diabetes: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Systematic Review: Low‐carbohydrate Diets for Type 2 Diabetes Management

Practical Guide: Adapting Diabetes Medication for Low Carbohydrate Management of Type 2 Diabetes

Observational Study: Management of Type 1 Diabetes With a Very Low–Carbohydrate Diet

Study: Dietary Carbohydrate Restriction Improves Metabolic Syndrome Independent of Weight Loss

Research: Carbohydrate-last meal pattern lowers postprandial glucose and insulin excursions in type 2 diabetes

 


M-A: Zinc might help to stave off respiratory infection symptoms and cut illness duration – “But quality of evidence variable, and no clarity on optimal formulation or dose”.

4 Nov, 2021 | 09:53h | UTC

News Release: Zinc might help to stave off respiratory infection symptoms and cut illness duration – BMJ

Original Study: Zinc for the prevention or treatment of acute viral respiratory tract infections in adults: a rapid systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials – BMJ Open

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


AHA Scientific Statement: 2021 Dietary Guidance to Improve Cardiovascular Health.

3 Nov, 2021 | 10:00h | UTC

2021 Dietary Guidance to Improve Cardiovascular Health: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association – Circulation

News release: New look at nutrition research identifies 10 features of a heart-healthy eating pattern – American Heart Association

Top Things to Know: 2021 Dietary Guidance to Improve Cardiovascular Health – American Heart Association

Commentaries:

‘Balance’ is the key word in new dietary guidance for heart health – American Heart Association

The new American Heart Association dietary guidance to improve population-level cardiometabolic health: moving toward a heart-healthy food environment – American Heart Association

 

Commentary on Twitter

 


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