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Radiology (all articles)

Cohort study | Airway-occluding mucus plugs in chest CT linked to higher mortality rates in COPD patients

29 May, 2023 | 11:10h | UTC

Airway-Occluding Mucus Plugs and Mortality in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – JAMA (free for a limited period)

News Release: Study linking mucus plugs and COPD mortality could help save lives – Brigham and Women’s Hospital


Review | Ultrasound imaging of the axilla

29 May, 2023 | 10:56h | UTC

Ultrasound imaging of the axilla – Insights into Imaging


Consensus Statement | Multimodality imaging in thoracic aortic diseases

25 May, 2023 | 11:28h | UTC

Multimodality imaging in thoracic aortic diseases: a clinical consensus statement from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the European Society of Cardiology working group on aorta and peripheral vascular diseases – European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging


ChatGPT’s performance on radiology board exam: strengths and shortcomings

22 May, 2023 | 13:48h | UTC

Performance of ChatGPT on a Radiology Board-style Examination: Insights into Current Strengths and Limitations – Radiology

News Release: ChatGPT passes radiology board exam – Radiological Society of North America


2023 Rectal cancer lexicon update | Revised consensus on terminology and staging

15 May, 2023 | 12:50h | UTC

Rectal cancer lexicon 2023 revised and updated consensus statement from the Society of Abdominal Radiology Colorectal and Anal Cancer Disease-Focused Panel – Abdominal Radiology


Review | Radiation exposure in computed tomography

11 May, 2023 | 11:47h | UTC

Radiation Exposure in Computed Tomography – Deutsches Ärzteblatt International


SR | Diagnostic accuracy of tests for disc, sacroiliac, and facet joint origins in low back pain assessment

10 May, 2023 | 15:44h | UTC

Low back pain of disc, sacroiliac joint, or facet joint origin: a diagnostic accuracy systematic review – eClinicalMedicine


Study shows unenhanced CT shows 30% lower diagnostic accuracy in abdominal pain evaluation

9 May, 2023 | 15:02h | UTC

Diagnostic Accuracy of Unenhanced Computed Tomography for Evaluation of Acute Abdominal Pain in the Emergency Department – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Editorial: Intravenous Contrast in Computed Tomography Imaging for Acute Abdominal Pain – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

News Release: Bypassing contrast in patients with kidney disease and contrast allergies may lead to less accurate scans – University of Michigan

Commentary: New data suggest clinicians should think twice before foregoing contrast-enhanced imaging – Health Imaging


Commentary on Twitter


A review of modern imaging landscape for prostate cancer: a comprehensive clinical guide

9 May, 2023 | 14:34h | UTC

A Review of Modern Imaging Landscape for Prostate Cancer: A Comprehensive Clinical Guide – Journal of Clinical Medicine


4 or more CT scans in childhood correlate with elevated cancer risk

4 May, 2023 | 13:59h | UTC

Risks of leukemia, intracranial tumours and lymphomas in childhood and early adulthood after pediatric radiation exposure from computed tomography – Canadian Medical Association Journal

News Release: Single CT scan in kids low risk for cancers, but 4 or more CTs increases risk – Canadian Medical Association Journal


Study suggests that routine axillary scanning in diagnostic breast ultrasound has limited impact on cancer detection

19 Apr, 2023 | 13:06h | UTC

To scan or not to scan: effect of scanning the axilla of all patients undergoing diagnostic breast ultrasound – Clinical Imaging (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Is scanning the axilla during diagnostic breast ultrasound necessary? – Health Imaging


Cohort Study | Third trimester ultrasound reduces undiagnosed breech presentations

12 Apr, 2023 | 13:27h | UTC

Impact of point-of-care ultrasound and routine third trimester ultrasound on undiagnosed breech presentation and perinatal outcomes: An observational multicentre cohort study – PLOS Medicine

Commentary: Timely Ultrasound Can ID Undiagnosed Breech Presentations – HealthDay


Blinded, randomized trial of sonographer versus AI cardiac function assessment

11 Apr, 2023 | 14:34h | UTC

Blinded, randomized trial of sonographer versus AI cardiac function assessment – Nature

News Release: Is artificial intelligence better at assessing heart health? – Cedars-Sinai Medical Center


RCT | Endovascular treatment vs. no treatment after 6-24h in ischemic stroke patients with collateral flow on CT angiography

5 Apr, 2023 | 13:38h | UTC

Endovascular treatment versus no endovascular treatment after 6–24 h in patients with ischaemic stroke and collateral flow on CT angiography (MR CLEAN-LATE) in the Netherlands: a multicentre, open-label, blinded-endpoint, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)


Review | Computed tomographic angiography in coronary artery disease

5 Apr, 2023 | 13:33h | UTC

Computed tomographic angiography in coronary artery disease – EuroIntervention


Applying AI to MRI | A promising approach for detecting severe mental illness risk

4 Apr, 2023 | 13:25h | UTC

Detecting individuals with severe mental illness using artificial intelligence applied to magnetic resonance imaging – eBioMedicine


SR | Adding ultrasound to mammography increases breast cancer detection, but increases false-positives and biopsies

3 Apr, 2023 | 13:55h | UTC

Summary: The systematic review examined the effectiveness and safety of combining mammography with breast ultrasonography versus mammography alone for breast cancer screening in women at average risk. The research included one randomized controlled trial, two prospective cohort studies, and five retrospective cohort studies, involving a total of 209,207 women.

High certainty evidence from one trial indicated that combining mammography with ultrasonography led to the detection of more breast cancer cases than mammography alone (5 vs. 3 per 1000 women). However, this combination also led to a higher number of false-positive results and biopsies. For every 1000 women screened with the combined approach, 37 more received a false-positive result, and 27 more women underwent a biopsy.

Secondary analysis of the trial data revealed that in women with dense breasts, the combined screening detected more cancer cases than mammography alone, while cohort studies for women with non-dense breasts showed no statistically significant difference between the two screening methods.

The included studies did not analyze whether the higher number of detected cancers with the combined screening method resulted in lower mortality rates compared to mammography alone. Further research, including randomized controlled trials or prospective cohort studies with longer observation periods, is needed to assess the impact of the two screening interventions on morbidity and mortality.

Article: Mammography in combination with breast ultrasonography versus mammography for breast cancer screening in women at average risk – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Summary: Mammography followed by ultrasonography compared to mammography alone for breast cancer screening in women at average risk of breast cancer – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews


Cohort Study | Subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and risk for myocardial infarction

31 Mar, 2023 | 13:36h | UTC

Subclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis and Risk for Myocardial Infarction in a Danish Cohort: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: CTA-detected coronary artery disease associated with increased risk for myocardial infarction – ACP Internist


M-A: Evaluation of the incremental value of a coronary artery calcium score beyond traditional cardiovascular risk assessment.

New study challenges the idea that a coronary artery calcium score of 0 is enough for ruling out coronary stenosis in symptomatic patients, especially in young adults.

Cohort Study: Coronary Artery Calcium and Long-Term Risk of Death, Myocardial Infarction, and Stroke

USPSTF Statement: Risk Assessment for Cardiovascular Disease With Nontraditional Risk Factors

Research: Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Long-term Risk Classification in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome

The 10-Year Prognostic Value of Zero and Minimal CAC


M-A | Test characteristics of ultrasound for the diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess

30 Mar, 2023 | 14:19h | UTC

Test characteristics of ultrasound for the diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Academic Emergency Medicine


M-A | Prevalence, imaging patterns and risk factors of interstitial lung disease in connective tissue disease

24 Mar, 2023 | 13:02h | UTC

Prevalence, imaging patterns and risk factors of interstitial lung disease in connective tissue disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis – European Respiratory Review


White Paper | Best practices in the communication and management of actionable incidental findings in ED imaging

20 Mar, 2023 | 13:34h | UTC

White Paper: Best Practices in the Communication and Management of Actionable Incidental Findings in Emergency Department Imaging – Journal of the American College of Radiology

Commentary: Seven Takeaways from Best Practice Recommendations for Incidental Radiology Findings in the ER – Diagnostic Imaging


M-A | Artificial intelligence for hip fracture detection and outcome prediction

20 Mar, 2023 | 13:13h | UTC

Artificial Intelligence for Hip Fracture Detection and Outcome Prediction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Network Open


Study shows increased nuchal translucency can be ascertained using transverse planes

17 Mar, 2023 | 12:45h | UTC

Increased nuchal translucency can be ascertained using transverse planes – American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Commentary: Transverse Views In Ultrasound Advantageous To Identify Increased Nuchal Translucency: AJOG – Medical Dialogues


Commentary on Twitter


Consensus Statement | Best current practice and research priorities in active surveillance for prostate cancer

15 Mar, 2023 | 15:11h | UTC

Best Current Practice and Research Priorities in Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer—A Report of a Movember International Consensus Meeting – European Urology Oncology


Scanxiety among adults with cancer: a scoping review to guide research and interventions

14 Mar, 2023 | 13:55h | UTC

Summary: The article presents a scoping review of existing literature on scanxiety, which refers to the anxiety and distress experienced by cancer patients before and after medical imaging scans. The authors identified and synthesized findings from 36 articles on scanxiety among adults diagnosed with current or prior cancer.

The authors observed that scanxiety is a prevalent issue throughout the cancer continuum and may be linked to various factors related to the procedure itself or the uncertainty surrounding the possible outcomes of the scans.

The waiting period between the scan procedure and receipt of the results was described as particularly stressful, with participants reporting feeling overwhelmed by negative thoughts and fears about the potential outcomes of the scan. Some participants even found it difficult to focus on daily activities or responsibilities during this time.

The authors suggest that implementing supportive measures during scan experiences, including examining the waiting period between scans and scan results, could enhance the well-being for individuals with cancer who are going through different stages of treatment.

Article: Scanxiety among Adults with Cancer: A Scoping Review to Guide Research and Interventions – Cancers


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