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Nutrition (All Articles)

Reducing cardiovascular disease burden through targeted dietary policies

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:55h | UTC

Reducing US cardiovascular disease burden and disparities through national and targeted dietary policies: A modelling study – PLOS Medicine(free)

Commentaries: Change in USA food policies could prevent 230,000 heart disease deaths by 2030 – Imperial College of London (free) AND U.S. nutrition policies may cut heart disease and save lives – Reuters Health News (free)

Related: Taxes and Subsidies for Improving Diet and Population Health in Australia: A Cost-Effectiveness Modelling Study – PLOS Medicine (free) AND The US had no soda taxes in 2013. Now nearly 9 million Americans live with them – VOX (free)

“Increased discounts on fruit and vegetables, and higher taxes on sugary drinks, could prevent heart disease deaths, says a new study” (from Imperial College of London commentary)

 


Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:48h | UTC

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Eggs Significantly Increase Growth in Young Children – Washington University in St. Louis, via NewsWise (free) AND An egg a day appears to help young children grow taller – BBC Health News (free)

“Surpassing previous research, study finds eggs are more viable nutrition, better intervention for children in developing countries” (from NewsWise)

 


Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:50h | UTC

Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: RCOG statement on gestational weight gain or loss and adverse outcomes – Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists(free) AND Weight gain greater, less than recommended during pregnancy linked with increased risk of adverse outcomes – The JAMA Network Journals, via EurekAlert (free) AND Pregnancy Weight Gain Status Tied to Adverse Outcomes – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Gaining Too Much, Too Little Weight in Pregnancy Tied to Adverse Outcomes for Mother, Baby – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Global study finds 75% of pregnant women don’t have healthy weight gain – The Guardian (free)

 


BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy

7 Jun, 2017 | 15:20h | UTC

BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy – British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (free)

Editorial: Nut allergy guideline (free)

Commentary: First ever single guidance published for investigating and managing nut allergy – EurekAlert (free)

See also related guidelines (U.S.) and commentaries recommending early introduction of peanuts to prevent allergies in our January 6 issue, see #1 and #2.

 


Prebiotic for Overweight or Obesity Children?

7 Jun, 2017 | 15:03h | UTC

Prebiotic Reduces Body Fat and Alters Intestinal Microbiota in Children With Overweight or Obesity (free PDF)

Commentary: Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children – American Gastroenterological Association, via EurekAlert (free)

Small randomized trial (42 patients) suggests prebiotics might be useful for overweight and obese children.

 


Chocolate intake and risk of clinically apparent atrial fibrillation

4 Jun, 2017 | 19:16h | UTC

Chocolate intake and risk of clinically apparent atrial fibrillation: the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Study – Heart (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Weekly dose of chocolate lowers AFib risk? Oh how we wish it were true – HealthNewsReview (free) AND Chocolate Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology (free)

 


DASH diet and risk of gout

4 Jun, 2017 | 18:44h | UTC

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, Western diet, and risk of gout in men: prospective cohort study – The BMJ (free)

See also: DASH Diet May Reduce Gout Risk – Medscape (free registration required)

 


The Weight Loss Trap: Why Your Diet Isn’t Working

29 May, 2017 | 15:23h | UTC

The Weight Loss Trap: Why Your Diet Isn’t Working – Time (cover story) (free)

“The challenges of weight loss and obesity – really well addressed” (RT @EricTopol see Tweet)

 


Reducing Risk After Cancer: Healthy Lifestyle (and Tree Nuts)

26 May, 2017 | 15:06h | UTC

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2017 Annual Meeting

Can cashews keep colon cancer patients alive? Study says yes — but cautions abound – STAT News (free) AND Reducing Risk After Cancer: Healthy Lifestyle (and Tree Nuts) – Medscape (free registration required)

 


Eating disorders: recognition and treatment

26 May, 2017 | 15:03h | UTC

Eating disorders: recognition and treatment – NICE Guideline (free)

 


Just one alcoholic drink a day may increase breast cancer risk

24 May, 2017 | 14:39h | UTC

Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Breast Cancer – American Institute for Cancer Research (free PDF)

News release: Just one alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk, exercise lowers risk – American Institute for Cancer Research, via EurekAlert (free)

Commentaries: Today’s alcohol and breast cancer headlines are wrong: Here’s how news reports could have done better – HealthNewsReview(free) AND ‘Half a glass of wine every day’ increases breast cancer risk – BBC Health News (free) AND Just One Drink a Day Raises Breast Cancer Risk – Medscape (free registration required)

 


Pediatricians Advise No Fruit Juice Until Kids Are 1

23 May, 2017 | 14:31h | UTC

Fruit Juice in Infants, Children, and Adolescents: Current Recommendations – American Academy of Pediatrics (free)

Commentaries: Pediatricians Advise No Fruit Juice Until Kids Are 1 – NPR Health News (free) AND Pediatricians Say No Fruit Juice in Child’s First Year – New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

 


Trans-fat – The Worst Fat in the Food Supply

24 May, 2017 | 14:36h | UTC

The Worst Fat in the Food Supply – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

See also a recent study and commentaries on the effects of trans-fat bans in our April 23rd issue (see #1)

Trans-fat bans seem to be reducing cardiovascular deaths.

 


Nutrition and metabolism in burn patients

18 May, 2017 | 17:45h | UTC

Review: Nutrition and metabolism in burn patients – Burns & Trauma (free)

 


Milk and dairy consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality

10 May, 2017 | 18:27h | UTC

Meta-analysis: Milk and dairy consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality: dose–response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies – European Journal of Epidemiology (free)

Source: Eating cheese does not raise risk of heart attack or stroke, study finds – The Guardian (free)

Dairy seems to be neutral regarding risks of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality.

 


Mortality from different causes associated with meat, heme iron, nitrates, and nitrites

10 May, 2017 | 18:28h | UTC

Meta-analysis: Mortality from different causes associated with meat, heme iron, nitrates, and nitrites in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study: population based cohort study – The BMJ (free)

High intakes of red and processed meat are associated with increased risks of all-cause mortality and death due to nine different causes.

 


Weight management programmes of extended duration

5 May, 2017 | 20:22h | UTC

Randomized controlled trial: Extended and standard duration weight-loss programme referrals for adults in primary care (WRAP): a randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (free)

Invited commentary: Weight management programmes of extended duration – The Lancet (free)

Commentary: Give overweight patients a year of weight-loss classes, say researchers – The Guardian (free)

In this trial with 1,267 overweight or obese participants an extended weight loss program (1 year) was more effective for weight loss and seems cost-effective in the longer term.


Alternate-day fasting does not seem to lead to greater weight loss

3 May, 2017 | 17:26h | UTC

Effect of Alternate-Day Fasting on Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, and Cardioprotection Among Metabolically Healthy Obese Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Internal Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Fasting Studies Clash With Our Desire To Eat What We Want, When We Want It – NPR Health News (free) AND Fasting Every Other Day Does Not Lead to Greater Weight Loss – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Same Weight Loss With Alternate-Day Fasting vs Cutting Calories – Medscape (free registration required) AND Alternate-Day Fasting Doesn’t Lead to Speedier Weight Loss – MedPage Today (free registration required)

Randomized trial with 100 patients showed no difference in weight loss between alternate-day fasting versus calorie restriction.

 


Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia

24 Apr, 2017 | 15:33h | UTC

Prospective cohort study: Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia – Stroke (free PDF)

Editorial: Sugar-Sweetened and Artificially Sweetened Beverages in Relation to Stroke and Dementia: Are Soft Drinks Hard on the Brain? – Stroke(free PDF)

Commentaries on the study: Diet soda and stroke & dementia news coverage: 3 key points weren’t always reported – HealthNewsReview (free – See Tweet) AND Stroke and dementia risk linked to artificial sweeteners, study suggests – The Guardian (free) AND A diet soda a day might affect dementia risk, study suggests – American Heart Association News (free)

This study has drawn a lot of attention from the media, but no firm conclusions can be made due to the observational nature of the study.

 


Effect of Weight Reduction on Hemoglobin A1c

24 Apr, 2017 | 15:27h | UTC

Systematic review: Effect of Weight Reduction on Hemoglobin A1c in weight loss trials of Type 2 Diabetes Patients – Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“Each 1kg reduction in weight loss trials associated with 0.1% reduction in HbA1c” (RT @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)

 


Beverage consumption taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages

20 Apr, 2017 | 14:22h | UTC

Changes in prices, sales, consumer spending, and beverage consumption one year after a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Berkeley, California, US: A before-and-after study – PLOS One (free)

Sources: First US sugar tax sees soft drink sales fall by almost 10%, study shows – The Guardian (free) (RT @kamleshkhunti see Tweet) AND Sugary Drink Sales Fizzled After Soda Tax – MedPage Today (free registration required)

Related articles and commentaries on the possible benefits of sugar taxes: W.H.O. Urges Tax on Sugary Drinks to Fight Obesity – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) Fiscal policies for diet and the prevention of noncommunicable diseases – World Health Organization(free) AND Mexico’s sugar tax leads to fall in consumption for second year running – The Guardian (free) AND Why the government should tax unhealthy foods and subsidise nutritious ones – The Conversation (free)

 


Banning trans fats in New York prevented thousands of heart attacks

13 Apr, 2017 | 16:08h | UTC

Hospital Admissions for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke Before and After the Trans-Fatty Acid Restrictions in New York – JAMA Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Sources: Banning trans fats in New York prevented thousands of heart attacks, study finds – STAT News (free) AND Trans Fat Bans Tied to Fewer Heart Attacks and Strokes – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Other localities might consider doing the same as well.

 


Multivitamins are probably a waste of money

12 Apr, 2017 | 15:50h | UTC

Vitamins and the Failure of Free-Market Health – The Atlantic (free)

“The booming dietary-supplement industry is plagued by outlandish claims, undermining credible science, and seeding confusion”.

 

Effect of Baseline Nutritional Status on Long-term Multivitamin Use and Cardiovascular Disease Risk – JAMA Cardiology (link to abstract – $ required for full-text)

See also: Multivitamins may not improve heart health in men – UPI (free) AND Other recent commentary on multivitamins: Multivitamins a waste of money and just create ‘very expensive urine’ – The Guardian (free)

“Multivitamin use does not prevent major CV disease events in men, regardless of baseline nutritional status” (RT @CaulfieldTim)

 


ESPEN guideline: Clinical nutrition in surgery

27 Mar, 2017 | 00:54h | UTC

ESPEN guideline: Clinical nutrition in surgery – Clinical Nutrition (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 


Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development

27 Mar, 2017 | 00:43h | UTC

Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation and other biomedical and socioenvironmental influences on children’s cognition at age 9–12 years in Indonesia: follow-up of the SUMMIT randomised trial – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Related commentary: Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development (free)

“Maternal MMN had long-term benefits for child cognitive development at 9–12 years of age, thereby supporting its role in early childhood development, and policy change toward MMN”. The related commentary above does not seem to agree with this statement from the authors, stating that the new evidence does not provide enough weight for a policy change from prenatal iron and folate to MMN supplementation.

 


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