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General Surgery & Trauma

Clinical Update – Preventing Surgical Site Infections: Looking Beyond the Current Guidelines

23 Feb, 2020 | 22:21h | UTC

Preventing Surgical Site Infections: Looking Beyond the Current Guidelines – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Related Guidelines: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection, 2017 – JAMA Surgery (free) AND Global guidelines on the prevention of surgical site infection – World Health Organization (free) AND Surgical site infections: prevention and treatment – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (free) AND APSIC guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infections – Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control (free) AND Intraoperative surgical site infection control and prevention: a position paper and future addendum to WSES intra-abdominal infections guidelines – World Journal of Emergency Surgery (free)

 


Randomized Trial: Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction at 7-Year Follow-up of Antibiotic Therapy vs. Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis

20 Feb, 2020 | 10:40h | UTC

Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction at 7-Year Follow-up of Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Author Interview: Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction After Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy (free audio)

Commentaries: Quality of Life—The Appendix – JAMA Surgery (free) AND Patient satisfaction and quality of life similar across all appendicitis treatments – News Medical (free)

Related: Meta-Analysis: Antibiotic Treatment vs. Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis in Adults and Children (several studies on the subject) AND Nonoperative treatment for nonperforated appendicitis in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Pediatric Surgery International (free)

 


[Abstract Only] Randomized Trial: Accelerated Surgery (median time = 6 hours) Does Not Improve Outcomes vs. Standard Care (median time = 24 hours) in Hip Fracture

14 Feb, 2020 | 02:10h | UTC

Accelerated surgery versus standard care in hip fracture (HIP ATTACK): an international, randomised, controlled trial – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Hip fracture: accelerated surgery fails to cut mortality or major complications in HIP ATTACK trial – Univadis (free registration required)

 


Position Paper: Intraoperative Surgical Site Infection Control and Prevention

13 Feb, 2020 | 08:07h | UTC

Intraoperative surgical site infection control and prevention: a position paper and future addendum to WSES intra-abdominal infections guidelines – World Journal of Emergency Surgery (free)

Related: Guidelines for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections (free guidelines on the subject)

 


Randomized Trial: Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Does Not Reduce Deep Surgical Site Infections After Surgery for Lower Limb Fractures Associated with Major Trauma

13 Feb, 2020 | 08:02h | UTC

Effect of Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy vs Standard Wound Dressing on Deep Surgical Site Infection After Surgery for Lower Limb Fractures Associated With Major Trauma: The WHIST Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Editorial: Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Following Surgical Repair of Lower Extremity Fractures (free)

Commentary: Expensive new wound treatment method no more effective than cheap standard dressings – University of Warwick (free)

 


Randomized Trial: Prophylactic Biological Mesh Reinforcement vs. Standard Closure of Stoma Site

11 Feb, 2020 | 02:24h | UTC

Prophylactic biological mesh reinforcement versus standard closure of stoma site (ROCSS): a multicentre, randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


Evaluation and Management of Sports-Related Eye Injuries

6 Feb, 2020 | 02:02h | UTC

Evaluation and Management of Sports-Related Eye Injuries – Current Sports Medicine Reports (free)

 


Study: Spring Daylight Saving Time Transition Acutely Increases Fatal Traffic Accident Risk by 6%

2 Feb, 2020 | 19:57h | UTC

A Chronobiological Evaluation of the Acute Effects of Daylight Saving Time on Traffic Accident Risk – Current Biology (free)

Commentaries: ‘Spring forward’ to daylight saving time brings surge in fatal car crashes – University of Colorado at Boulder (free) AND Daylight Saving Time Linked to More Deadly Car Crashes – Gizmodo (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


What is New in Decompressive Craniectomy in Neurological Emergencies: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

31 Jan, 2020 | 01:28h | UTC

What is new in decompressive craniectomy in neurological emergencies: the good, the bad and the ugly – Intensive Care Medicine (free for a limited period)

Related Systematic Review: Decompressive Craniectomy for the Treatment of High Intracranial Pressure in Closed Traumatic Brain Injury – Cochrane Library (free article, guideline and randomized trial)

 


[Abstract Only] Randomized Trial: Conservative vs. Interventional Treatment for Spontaneous Pneumothorax

30 Jan, 2020 | 07:45h | UTC

Conservative versus Interventional Treatment for Spontaneous Pneumothorax – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: ‘Hands Off approach’ best to treat a collapsed lung – study – Voxy (free) AND Don’t Just Do Something, Stand There (Watching Spontaneous Pneumothoraces) – NEJM Journal Watch (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


Cost-effectiveness of Imaging Protocols for Suspected Appendicitis

24 Jan, 2020 | 08:03h | UTC

Cost-effectiveness of Imaging Protocols for Suspected Appendicitis – Pediatrics (free)

 


Randomized Trial: Hydroxyethyl Starch vs. Saline for Volume Replacement Therapy in High-Risk Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Surgery

22 Jan, 2020 | 09:36h | UTC

Effect of Hydroxyethyl Starch vs Saline for Volume Replacement Therapy on Death or Postoperative Complications Among High-Risk Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Surgery: The FLASH Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Editorial: Hydroxyethyl Starch for Fluid Replacement Therapy in High-Risk Surgical Patients: Context and Caution (free for a limited period)

Related Cochrane Review: Colloids vs Crystalloids for Fluid Resuscitation in Critically Ill People (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


Meta-Analysis: Prophylactic Intra-Abdominal Drainage Following Colorectal Anastomoses

21 Jan, 2020 | 01:02h | UTC

Prophylactic intra-abdominal drainage following colorectal anastomoses. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – The American Journal of Surgery (free)

 


Position Statement on Endovascular Intervention for Trauma

19 Jan, 2020 | 20:57h | UTC

Society of Interventional Radiology Position Statement on Endovascular Intervention for Trauma – Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (free)

 


[Abstract Only] Large Observational Study Suggests Lower Adhesion-related Readmissions After Laparoscopic vs. Open Abdominal Surgery

19 Jan, 2020 | 20:36h | UTC

Adhesion-related readmissions after open and laparoscopic surgery: a retrospective cohort study (SCAR update) – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


Meta-Analysis: The Application of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery for Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery

15 Jan, 2020 | 07:56h | UTC

The application of enhanced recovery after surgery for upper gastrointestinal surgery: Meta-analysis – BMC Surgery (free)

Related: Complete List of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Guidelines (free articles)

 


Study: Anomalously Warm Temperatures are Associated with Increased Injury Deaths

15 Jan, 2020 | 01:13h | UTC

Anomalously warm temperatures are associated with increased injury deaths – Nature Medicine (free)

Commentary: Car accidents, drownings, violence: hotter temperatures will mean more deaths from injury – The Conversation (free) AND Rising temperatures may cause over 2,000 fatal injuries per year in the US, predict researchers – Imperial College London (free)

 


Meta-Analysis: Tranexamic Acid in Hip Fracture Surgery

14 Jan, 2020 | 00:16h | UTC

Tranexamic acid in hip fracture surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Journal of Orthopedic Surgery (free)

Related: The efficacy and safety of intravenous tranexamic acid in hip fracture surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Journal of Orthopaedic Translation (free)

 


Study Shows Alarming Spike in Electric Scooter Injuries

12 Jan, 2020 | 20:49h | UTC

Electric Scooter Injuries and Hospital Admissions in the United States, 2014-2018 – JAMA Surgery (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Urban health scare: E-scooters show alarming spike in injuries – University of California – San Francisco (free) AND Scooter-related injuries are spiking in the United States, study finds – CNN (free) AND Head Injuries Common Among Electric Scooter Riders – MedicalResearch.com (free)

 


Highlights from the Guidelines for Managing Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

10 Jan, 2020 | 08:28h | UTC

Critical Update on the Third Edition of the Guidelines for Managing Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Children – American Journal of Critical Care (free)

Original Article: New Guidelines for the Management of Pediatric Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (free guideline and news release)

 


Global and National Burden from Road Injuries

10 Jan, 2020 | 08:19h | UTC

Morbidity and mortality from road injuries: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 – Injury Prevention (free)

News Release: Probability of dying from road injury has dropped worldwide in all but 5 nations – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


AAOS Releases Guidelines on Appropriate use Criteria for Procedures in Orthopedic Patients

10 Jan, 2020 | 08:15h | UTC

Appropriate use Criteria – American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (free)

Commentary: AAOS releases guidelines, appropriate use criteria for care of trauma patients – Healio (free registration required)

 


Meta-Analysis: Nonoperative Treatment for Nonperforated Appendicitis in Children

10 Jan, 2020 | 00:09h | UTC

Nonoperative treatment for nonperforated appendicitis in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Pediatric Surgery International (free)

Related: Meta-Analysis: Antibiotic Treatment vs. Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis in Adults and Children (several studies on the subject)

 


Study Commentary: Continuing an Anticoagulant at Home After Abdominal Surgery Cuts Thrombosis Risk

9 Jan, 2020 | 23:21h | UTC

Continuing an anticoagulant at home after abdominal surgery cuts thrombosis risk – NIHR Signal (free)

Original Study: Systematic Review: Prolonged Thromboprophylaxis with Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Abdominal or Pelvic Surgery – Cochrane Library (link to study and summary)

 


WSES Guideline: Perforated and Bleeding Peptic Ulcer

9 Jan, 2020 | 01:33h | UTC

Perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer: WSES guidelines – World Society of Emergency Surgery (free)

 


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