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Chest Medicine

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemoptysis

25 Jul, 2017 | 00:42h | UTC

Review: The Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemoptysis – Deutsches Ärzteblatt international (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 


Recent advances in the treatment of venous thromboembolism in the era of the direct oral anticoagulants

25 Jul, 2017 | 00:39h | UTC

Review: Recent advances in the treatment of venous thromboembolism in the era of the direct oral anticoagulants – F1000 Research (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 


High-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccination on hospitalizations

25 Jul, 2017 | 00:31h | UTC

Comparative effectiveness of high-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccination on numbers of US nursing home residents admitted to hospital: a cluster-randomised trial – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Study: High-dose flu vaccine cuts hospitalizations in nursing home residents – CIDRAP (free) AND High-dose influenza vaccine for nursing home residents reduces hospitalisations – OnMedica (free) AND High Dose Influenza Vaccine Leads to Lower Rate of Hospitalization From Respiratory Illnesses in Nursing Home Residents – University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, via NewsWise (free)

 


Prescription Smoking Cessation Medications After Myocardial Infarction Underused

25 Jul, 2017 | 00:26h | UTC

Use of Prescription Smoking Cessation Medications After Myocardial Infarction Among Older Patients in Community Practice – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Stop-Smoking Meds Underused in Post-MI Setting – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Heart attack patients don’t adhere to smoking cessation prescriptions – Cardiovascular Business (free) AND Heart attack patients missing out on smoking cessation drugs – Reuters Health (free)

 


Reducing Smoking Rates for Patients Facing Surgery

25 Jul, 2017 | 00:35h | UTC

2017 ACS Quality and Safety Conference: “Strong for Surgery” Shows Promise in Reducing Smoking Rates for Patients Facing Surgery – American College of Surgeons, via NewsWise (free)

“Study suggests big drop in smoking rates when surgeons help patients quit before their operations”.

 


Management of malignant pleural effusion: challenges and solutions

23 Jul, 2017 | 23:38h | UTC

Review: Management of malignant pleural effusion: challenges and solutions – Cancer Management and Research (free)

 


Indoor swimming pool environments and self-reported irritative and respiratory symptoms among lifeguards

23 Jul, 2017 | 23:08h | UTC

Indoor swimming pool environments and self-reported irritative and respiratory symptoms among lifeguards – International Journal of Environmental Health Research (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: High rates of respiratory problems linked to indoor lifeguard work – Reuters (free)

 


Emerging Data Show E-Cigarettes May Pose Heart Risk

23 Jul, 2017 | 16:52h | UTC

Emerging Data Show E-Cigarettes May Pose Heart Risk – Circulation (free)

 


Reviews on thrombosis and hemostasis

23 Jul, 2017 | 13:53h | UTC

Selection of state-of-the-art open access reviews on thrombosis and hemostasis, celebrating the 60th anniversary of the Journal – Thrombosis and Haemostasis (free PDF Articles)

– Homepage

– Editorial: Thrombosis and Haemostasis: Past, present and future

– Venous thromboembolism: Past, present and future

– Stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: Past, present and future

– Antithrombotic therapy for acute coronary syndrome: Past, present and future

– Therapeutic strategies for atherosclerosis and atherothrombosis: Past, present and future

– NOACs for treatment of venous thromboembolism in clinical practice

– The management of acute venous thromboembolism in clinical practice

Source: Critical Care Reviews Topic of The Week

 


Vitamin D supplements may reduce the chance of developing a chest infection

22 Jul, 2017 | 21:31h | UTC

Vitamin D supplements may reduce the chance of developing a chest infection – NIHR Signal (free)

Original article: Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data – The BMJ (free)

“Daily or weekly vitamin D supplements reduced chest infections, but one-off monthly dosing gave no benefit”. (RT @NIHR_DC see Tweet)

 


Video Laryngoscopy for Endotracheal Intubation of Critically Ill Adults

23 Jul, 2017 | 12:53h | UTC

Video Laryngoscopy for Endotracheal Intubation of Critically Ill Adults: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis – Chest (free)

Source: Video Laryngoscopy Does Not Improve First-Pass Success in ICU Patients – Journal Watch ($)

“The VL technique did not increase the first-attempt success rate during EI in ICU patients compared with DL. These findings do not support routine use of VL in ICU patients”.

 


Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and Retinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

22 Jul, 2017 | 21:37h | UTC

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and Retinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Longitudinal Study – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Patients with Type 2 diabetes and OSA found to be at greater risk of developing diabetic retinopathy – News Medical (free)

 


An evidence-based, point-of-care tool to guide completion of asthma action plans in practice

22 Jul, 2017 | 21:03h | UTC

An evidence-based, point-of-care tool to guide completion of asthma action plans in practice – European Respiratory Journal (free)

Related: Asthma self-management programmes can reduce unscheduled care – NIHR Signal (free) AND Original article: Systematic meta-review of supported self-management for asthma: a healthcare perspective – BMC Medicine (free)

Source: ACP Journal Wise ($ resource to find articles of interest)

“Researchers create practical algorithm for completing asthma action plans” (RT @PCRSUK see Tweet)

 


Review: How I treat recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy

22 Jul, 2017 | 15:59h | UTC

Review: How I treat recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy – Blood (free)

 


Diagnosis and treatment of cystic lung disease

21 Jul, 2017 | 18:15h | UTC

Review: Diagnosis and treatment of cystic lung disease – Korean Journal of Internal Medicine (free)

 


Treatment of connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease

21 Jul, 2017 | 18:14h | UTC

Review: Treatment of connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease: the pulmonologist’s point of view – Korean Journal of Internal Medicine (free)

 


Review: Optimizing diagnostic testing for venous thromboembolism

21 Jul, 2017 | 18:04h | UTC

Clinical Review: Optimizing diagnostic testing for venous thromboembolism – Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine (free)

 


WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2017

21 Jul, 2017 | 00:19h | UTC

WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2017 – World Health Organization (free)

Full report: WHO Report on The Global Tobacco Epidemic: 2017 Monitoring tobacco use and prevention policies (free PDF)

Press release: WHO report finds dramatic increase in life-saving tobacco control policies in last decade (free)

Infographics: Protecting people from tobacco (free)

Commentaries: Taxation: Most effective but still the least-used tobacco control measure, by Patricio V. Marquez via The World Bank Blogs (free) AND Tobacco industry blocking anti-smoking moves: WHO – Reuters (free) AND Tobacco firms ‘hamper anti-smoking push’ – BBC News (free) AND Tobacco companies interfere with health regulations, WHO reports – The Guardian (free)

See also our coverage of World No Tobacco Day in our May 31 issue (see #1).

 


New European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines

20 Jul, 2017 | 00:07h | UTC

Homepage – New European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines

New available guidelines are:

– Early and locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

– Rectal cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

– Chronic myeloid leukaemia: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

– Multiple myeloma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

– Newly diagnosed and relapsed mantle cell lymphoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

– Cervical cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

– EANO–ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with leptomeningeal metastasis from solid tumours (free)

– Management of infusion reactions to systemic anticancer therapy: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines (free)

– Management of toxicities from immunotherapy: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up (free)

 


Rehabilitation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

18 Jul, 2017 | 22:58h | UTC

Clinical Review: Rehabilitation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension – Swiss Medical Weekly (free)

 


High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy is superior to conventional oxygen therapy

17 Jul, 2017 | 01:36h | UTC

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy is superior to conventional oxygen therapy but not to noninvasive mechanical ventilation on intubation rate: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Critical Care (free)

Source: Hospital Medicine Virtual Journal Club (free resource to find articles of interest)

 


Studies suggest apneic oxygenation reduces hypoxemia during emergency intubation

17 Jul, 2017 | 01:34h | UTC

Studies suggest apneic oxygenation reduces hypoxemia during emergency intubation:

Meta-analysis 1: Apneic oxygenation during intubation in the emergency department and during retrieval: A systematic review and meta-analysis – The American Journal of Emergency Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Meta-analysis 2: Apneic oxygenation reduces the incidence of hypoxemia during emergency intubation: A systematic review and meta-analysis – The American Journal of Emergency Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full text)

Source: Apneic Oxygenation Prevents Desaturation During Intubation – Journal Watch ($ resource to find articles of interest)

 


Non-invasive ventilation for the management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure due to exacerbation of COPD

16 Jul, 2017 | 12:48h | UTC

Non-invasive ventilation for the management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Cochrane Library (free)

NIV reduces mortality and endotracheal intubation in patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure secondary to an acute exacerbation COPD.

 


The future of mechanical ventilation: lessons from the present and the past

13 Jul, 2017 | 20:56h | UTC

The future of mechanical ventilation: lessons from the present and the past – Critical Care (free)

 


Guidelines for Pathologic Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma

13 Jul, 2017 | 20:54h | UTC

Guidelines for Pathologic Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma: 2017 Update of the Consensus Statement From the International Mesothelioma Interest Group (free PDF)

 


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