See also other recent CHEST guidelines on the management of cough in specific populations: Chronic Cough Due to Gastroesophageal Reflux in Adults (free) AND Symptomatic Treatment of Cough Among Adult Patients With Lung Cancer (free) AND Cough in the athlete (free) AND Occupational and Environmental Contributions to Chronic Cough in Adults (free) AND Treatment of Unexplained Chronic Cough (free) AND Use of Management Pathways or Algorithms in Children With Chronic Cough: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report (free) AND Management of Children With Chronic Wet Cough and Protracted Bacterial Bronchitis: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report (free)
Comprehensive resource on evidence-based interventions to reduce tobacco related harm.
Commentaries: Switch to vaping could prevent millions of premature deaths – OnMedica (free) AND Tobacco smokers could gain 86 million years of life if they switch to vaping, study finds – eCancer News (free) AND Switching to e-cigarettes could save 6.6 million American smokers: researchers – Reuters (free)
Related article published recently: Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) vs Low PEEP on Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free) AND Editorial: Lung Recruitment and Titrated PEEP in Moderate to Severe ARDS: Is the Door Closing on the Open Lung? (free)
Research: Association of Guideline-Adherent Antibiotic Treatment With Readmission of Children With Acute Chest Syndrome1 Oct, 2017 | 14:53h | UTC
Association of Guideline-Adherent Antibiotic Treatment With Readmission of Children With Sickle Cell Disease Hospitalized With Acute Chest Syndrome – JAMA Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Commentaries: Acute Chest Syndrome in Pediatric Sickle-cell Disease: Antibiotic Guidelines Matter – Medscape (free registration required) AND Antibiotic Rx adherence varies widely in sickle cell care – MedicalXpress (free)
#LIVES2017 – Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) vs Low PEEP on Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free)
Commentary: Open Lung Ventilation May Worsen ARDS Mortality – MedPage Today (free registration required)
“A strategy using a lung recruitment maneuver and titrated PEEP, in association with volume-assist control ventilation, increased mortality of patients with moderate to severe ARDS”.
State of the Art Review: Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome: pathogenesis, clinical features, and therapeutic targets – The BMJ (free)
Original Article: Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text))
Source: Journal Watch ($)
Related guidelines: Brazilian guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of cystic fibrosis – Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia (free) AND Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis: Consensus Guidelines from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation – The Journal of Pediatrics (free)
Effects of a rise in cigarette price on cigarette consumption, tobacco taxation revenues, and of smoking-related deaths27 Sep, 2017 | 14:05h | UTC
The effects of a rise in cigarette price on cigarette consumption, tobacco taxation revenues, and of smoking-related deaths in 28 EU countries– applying threshold regression modelling – BMC Public Health (free)
See also: Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories in our April 7th issue (see #1) AND WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2017 in our July 20th issue (see #1) AND “Tobacco Endgame” policies in our May 12th issue (see #3).
Related: The cost of a polluted environment: 1.7 million child deaths a year, says WHO – World Health Organization (free) AND Estimates and 25-year trends of the global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution: an analysis of data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2015 – The Lancet (free) AND Death in the Air: Air Pollution Costs Money and Lives – World Bank (free infographic and report)
Commentaries: Montelukast Tied to Psychiatric Adverse Events in Kids, Adults – Medscape (free registration required) AND Asthma Drug, Montelukast, Tied to Nightmares, Depression – Drugs.com (free)
Interventions for treating tuberculous pericarditis – Cochrane Library (free)
News release: Treatment for tuberculosis infection of the membrane around the heart (free)
“For HIV-negative patients, corticosteroids may reduce death. For HIV-positive patients not on antiretroviral drugs, corticosteroids may reduce constriction. For HIV-positive patients with good antiretroviral drug viral suppression, clinicians may consider the results from HIV-negative patients more relevant”.