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Chest Medicine

Review – Acute exacerbations of COPD: risk factors for failure and relapse

12 Oct, 2017 | 17:52h | UTC

Acute exacerbations of COPD: risk factors for failure and relapse – International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (free)

 


Guideline: Treatment for Acute Cough Associated With the Common Cold

11 Oct, 2017 | 01:43h | UTC

Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatment for Acute Cough Associated With the Common Cold – CHEST Expert Panel Report (free)

See also other recent CHEST guidelines on the management of cough in specific populations: Chronic Cough Due to Gastroesophageal Reflux in Adults (free) AND Symptomatic Treatment of Cough Among Adult Patients With Lung Cancer (free) AND Cough in the athlete (free) AND Occupational and Environmental Contributions to Chronic Cough in Adults (free) AND Treatment of Unexplained Chronic Cough (free) AND Use of Management Pathways or Algorithms in Children With Chronic Cough: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report (free) AND Management of Children With Chronic Wet Cough and Protracted Bacterial Bronchitis: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report (free)

 


Meta-Analysis: Vitamin D supplementation to prevent asthma exacerbations

11 Oct, 2017 | 01:41h | UTC

Vitamin D supplementation to prevent asthma exacerbations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Vitamin D and asthma: a case to answer – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (free) AND Vitamin D may prevent asthma worsening for some – NHS Choices (free)

 


Interventions to reduce harm in people who use tobacco

11 Oct, 2017 | 01:36h | UTC

Interventions to reduce harm in people who use tobacco. The latest Cochrane Evidence – Cochrane Tobbaco Edition (free summaries) (RT @CochraneUK see Tweet)

Comprehensive resource on evidence-based interventions to reduce tobacco related harm.

 


Review: When to start and when to stop antifibrotic therapies

9 Oct, 2017 | 20:54h | UTC

When to start and when to stop antifibrotic therapies – European Respiratory Review (free)

 


Research: Potential deaths averted in USA by replacing cigarettes with e-cigarettes

7 Oct, 2017 | 22:20h | UTC

Potential deaths averted in USA by replacing cigarettes with e-cigarettes – Tobacco Control (free)

Commentaries: Switch to vaping could prevent millions of premature deaths – OnMedica (free) AND Tobacco smokers could gain 86 million years of life if they switch to vaping, study finds – eCancer News (free) AND Switching to e-cigarettes could save 6.6 million American smokers: researchers – Reuters (free)

Related review: Key issues surrounding the health impacts of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and other sources of nicotine – CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians (free)

 


Review: Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension in the Newborn

7 Oct, 2017 | 22:08h | UTC

Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension in the Newborn – Children (free)

 


Systematic review: Prognostic variables and scores identifying the end of life in COPD

7 Oct, 2017 | 22:07h | UTC

Prognostic variables and scores identifying the end of life in COPD: a systematic review – International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (free)

 


Review – Rib Fractures: To Fix or Not to Fix? An Evidence-Based Algorithm

7 Oct, 2017 | 21:59h | UTC

Rib Fractures: To Fix or Not to Fix? An Evidence-Based Algorithm – Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (free)

 


How well do flu shots work?

1 Oct, 2017 | 16:23h | UTC

How well do flu shots work? Here’s what the science says – VOX (free)

 


Review: Respiratory support in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

1 Oct, 2017 | 15:14h | UTC

Respiratory support in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: an expert opinion – Critical Care (free)

Related article published recently: Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) vs Low PEEP on Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free) AND Editorial: Lung Recruitment and Titrated PEEP in Moderate to Severe ARDS: Is the Door Closing on the Open Lung? (free)

 


Research: Association of Guideline-Adherent Antibiotic Treatment With Readmission of Children With Acute Chest Syndrome

1 Oct, 2017 | 14:53h | UTC

Association of Guideline-Adherent Antibiotic Treatment With Readmission of Children With Sickle Cell Disease Hospitalized With Acute Chest Syndrome – JAMA Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Acute Chest Syndrome in Pediatric Sickle-cell Disease: Antibiotic Guidelines Matter – Medscape (free registration required) AND Antibiotic Rx adherence varies widely in sickle cell care – MedicalXpress (free)

Related guideline: Guideline on the management of acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease – British Journal of Haematology (free)


Review: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with lung cancer

1 Oct, 2017 | 14:50h | UTC

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with lung cancer: prevalence, impact and management challenges – Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy (free)

 


Review: Small airways disease

1 Oct, 2017 | 14:48h | UTC

Small airways disease: time for a revisit? – International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (free)

 


Randomized Trial: Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated PEEP on Mortality in Patients with ARDS

30 Sep, 2017 | 13:32h | UTC

#LIVES2017 – Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) vs Low PEEP on Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free)

Editorial: Lung Recruitment and Titrated PEEP in Moderate to Severe ARDS: Is the Door Closing on the Open Lung? (free)

Commentary: Open Lung Ventilation May Worsen ARDS Mortality – MedPage Today (free registration required)

“A strategy using a lung recruitment maneuver and titrated PEEP, in association with volume-assist control ventilation, increased mortality of patients with moderate to severe ARDS”.

 


Review: Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome

30 Sep, 2017 | 13:30h | UTC

State of the Art Review: Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome: pathogenesis, clinical features, and therapeutic targets – The BMJ (free)

 


Systematic review: benefits and risks of phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors in COPD

30 Sep, 2017 | 13:21h | UTC

In people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), what are the benefits and risks of phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors? – Cochrane Library (free)

Original Article: Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text))

 


Randomized Trial: Once-Daily Triple Therapy for Patients with COPD

30 Sep, 2017 | 13:19h | UTC

FULFIL Trial: Once-Daily Triple Therapy for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Once-Daily Triple Therapy Effective in Patients With COPD – Pulmonology Advisor (free)

Source: Journal Watch ($)

 


Review: Radiation Therapy in Extensive Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

30 Sep, 2017 | 13:09h | UTC

Radiation Therapy in Extensive Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer – Frontiers in Oncology (free)

 


Review: Cystic Fibrosis – Diagnosis and Treatment

27 Sep, 2017 | 14:45h | UTC

Cystic Fibrosis: Diagnosis and Treatment – Deutsches Ärzteblatt international (free)

Related guidelines: Brazilian guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of cystic fibrosis – Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia (free) AND Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis: Consensus Guidelines from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation – The Journal of Pediatrics (free)

 


Guideline: Treating tobacco dependence

27 Sep, 2017 | 14:19h | UTC

Treating tobacco dependence: guidance for primary care on life-saving interventions. Position statement of the IPCRG – Primary Care Respiratory Medicine (free)

 


Effects of a rise in cigarette price on cigarette consumption, tobacco taxation revenues, and of smoking-related deaths

27 Sep, 2017 | 14:05h | UTC

The effects of a rise in cigarette price on cigarette consumption, tobacco taxation revenues, and of smoking-related deaths in 28 EU countries– applying threshold regression modelling – BMC Public Health (free)

See also: Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories in our April 7th issue (see #1) AND WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2017 in our July 20th issue (see #1) AND  “Tobacco Endgame” policies in our May 12th issue (see #3).

 


This map shows how many years could be added to you life – if the air you breathe was less polluted

25 Sep, 2017 | 22:26h | UTC

This map shows how many years could be added to you life – if the air you breathe was less polluted – World Economic Forum (free)

Related: The cost of a polluted environment: 1.7 million child deaths a year, says WHO – World Health Organization (free) AND Estimates and 25-year trends of the global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution: an analysis of data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2015 – The Lancet (free) AND Death in the Air: Air Pollution Costs Money and Lives – World Bank (free infographic and report)

 


Adverse drug reactions of montelukast in children and adults

24 Sep, 2017 | 21:34h | UTC

Adverse drug reactions of montelukast in children and adults – Pharmacology Research & Perspectives (free)

Commentaries: Montelukast Tied to Psychiatric Adverse Events in Kids, Adults – Medscape (free registration required) AND Asthma Drug, Montelukast, Tied to Nightmares, Depression – Drugs.com (free)

 


Systematic Review: Interventions for treating tuberculous pericarditis

24 Sep, 2017 | 21:32h | UTC

Interventions for treating tuberculous pericarditis – Cochrane Library (free)

News release: Treatment for tuberculosis infection of the membrane around the heart (free)

“For HIV-negative patients, corticosteroids may reduce death. For HIV-positive patients not on antiretroviral drugs, corticosteroids may reduce constriction. For HIV-positive patients with good antiretroviral drug viral suppression, clinicians may consider the results from HIV-negative patients more relevant”.

 


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