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Chest Medicine

Guideline: noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure

3 Sep, 2017 | 21:21h | UTC

Official ERS/ATS clinical practice guidelines: noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure (free)

Source: Hospital Medicine Virtual Journal Club

 


Review: Mechanical Ventilation

3 Sep, 2017 | 21:21h | UTC

Mechanical Ventilation: State of the Art – Mayo Clinic Proceedings (free)

 


Review: Acute aortic dissection: pathogenesis, risk factors and diagnosis

31 Aug, 2017 | 20:28h | UTC

Acute aortic dissection: pathogenesis, risk factors and diagnosis – Swiss Medical Weekly (free)

 


Review: Chest CT Signs in Pulmonary Disease

31 Aug, 2017 | 15:19h | UTC

Chest CT Signs in Pulmonary Disease: A Pictorial Review – Chest (free)

Source: Critical Care Review Newsletter (free)

 


Meta-analysis: Association of Sleep-Disordered Breathing With Cognitive Function and Risk of Cognitive Impairment

30 Aug, 2017 | 20:37h | UTC

Association of Sleep-Disordered Breathing With Cognitive Function and Risk of Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review Meta-analysis – JAMA Neurology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Breathing Disorders During Sleep Tied to Cognitive Issues – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Sleep-Disordered Breathing Raises Risk for Cognitive Decline – Medscape (free registration required)

This meta-analysis of observational studies suggests a possible association. Further studies are needed to examine whether the treatment of this condition can help in the prevention of dementia and in improvement of cognition.

 


Cohort Study: Chronic cough postacute respiratory illness in children

30 Aug, 2017 | 20:12h | UTC

Chronic cough postacute respiratory illness in children: a cohort study – Archives of Disease in Childhood (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Kids often have a chronic cough after respiratory illness – Reuters (free)

 


Guideline: Stereotactic body radiation therapy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer

30 Aug, 2017 | 18:11h | UTC

Stereotactic body radiation therapy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer: Executive Summary of an ASTRO Evidence-Based Guideline (free)

Commentary: ASTRO Guidelines on Stereotactic Radiation in Early NSCLC – Medscape (free registration required)

 


Review: Pulmonary Hypertension

30 Aug, 2017 | 18:05h | UTC

Pulmonary Hypertension – Deutsches Ärzteblatt international (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Topic of The Week

 


#ESCCongress – Study: Oxygen Therapy in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction

29 Aug, 2017 | 15:15h | UTC

Oxygen Therapy in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Editorial: Is Oxygen Therapy Beneficial in Acute Myocardial Infarction? Simple Question, Complicated Mechanism, Simple Answer (free)

Commentaries: Oxygen therapy does not improve survival in patients with heart attack symptoms (DETO2X-AMI) – ESC Press Releases (free) AND Supplemental Oxygen Provides No Benefit to Patients With Suspected MI: DETO2X-AMI – TCTMD (free) AND Suspected MI and Normal Oxygen Saturation? Don’t Bother with Supplemental Oxygen – Physician’s First Watch (free)

 


Study: Community-acquired Pneumonia Visualized on Computed Tomography but Not Chest X-Ray

29 Aug, 2017 | 14:54h | UTC

Community-acquired Pneumonia Visualized on Computed Tomography but Not Chest X-Ray: Pathogens, Severity, and Clinical Outcomes – Chest (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Source: Hospital Medicine Virtual Journal Club (free resource to find articles of interest)

“Adults hospitalized with CAP who had radiologic evidence of pneumonia on CT but not concurrent CXR had similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes compared with patients who had signs of pneumonia on CXR”.

 


Study: Gastrointestinal Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants

26 Aug, 2017 | 16:46h | UTC

Gastrointestinal Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants: A Large Population-Based Study – Gastroenterology (free)

Commentary: Which NOACS are riskiest for gastrointestinal bleeding? – Pharmacy News (free)

Source: ACP Journal Club ($)

Observational study suggests Apixaban may be associated with a more favorable gastrointestinal safety profile. Further randomized trials are needed to confirm these findings.

 


Guideline: Japanese workplace health management in pneumoconiosis prevention

26 Aug, 2017 | 16:09h | UTC

Japanese workplace health management in pneumoconiosis prevention – Journal of Occupational Health (free)

 


Review: Infections causing central airway obstruction: role of bronchoscopy in diagnosis and management

26 Aug, 2017 | 15:39h | UTC

Infections causing central airway obstruction: role of bronchoscopy in diagnosis and management – Journal of Thoracic Disease (free)

 


Review: Pediatric airway surgery

26 Aug, 2017 | 15:37h | UTC

Pediatric airway surgery – Journal of Thoracic Disease (free)

 


Review: Whole lung lavage-technical details, challenges and management of complications

26 Aug, 2017 | 15:38h | UTC

Whole lung lavage-technical details, challenges and management of complications – Journal of Thoracic Disease (free)

 


Study: Vitamin B linked to lung cancer

24 Aug, 2017 | 23:15h | UTC

Long-Term, Supplemental, One-Carbon Metabolism–Related Vitamin B Use in Relation to Lung Cancer Risk in the Vitamins and Lifestyle (VITAL) Cohort – Journal of Clinical Oncology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Vitamin B supplements linked to lung cancer – here’s why you probably don’t need to worry – The Conversation (free) AND High Doses of Vitamin B Linked to Lung Cancer Increase – Medscape (free registration required) AND High Dose Vitamin B Supplements Should Not Be Taken for Lung Cancer Prevention – Cancer Therapy Advisor (free) AND High doses of vitamin B tied to lung cancer risk, study says – CNN (free)

 


Report: global burden of lower respiratory tract infections

24 Aug, 2017 | 23:07h | UTC

8 – Estimates of the global, regional, and national morbidity, mortality, and aetiologies of lower respiratory tract infections in 195 countries: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 – Lancet Infectious Diseases (free) (RT @simonihay and @IHME_UW see Tweet)

Invited commentary: Measuring progress on preventing pneumonia deaths: are we there yet? (free)

 


Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Screening for Occult Cancer in Patients With Unprovoked Venous Thromboembolism

24 Aug, 2017 | 20:41h | UTC

Screening for Occult Cancer in Patients With Unprovoked Venous Thromboembolism: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Individual Patient Data – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Outcomes of limited cancer screening after unprovoked VTE similar to extensive screening – ACP Hospitalist (free) AND Cancer Screening Not Recommended in Patients With VTEs – Medscape (free registration required) AND Extensive cancer screening may not improve outcomes for patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism – 2 Minute Medicine (free) AND Screening for Occult Cancer in Patients With Unprovoked Venous Thromboembolism – ASCO Post (free)

 


Randomized Clinical Trial: Oral Steroid Does Not Reduce Symptoms in Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

24 Aug, 2017 | 20:43h | UTC

Effect of Oral Prednisolone on Symptom Duration and Severity in Nonasthmatic Adults With Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Oral Steroid Does Not Reduce Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Symptoms in Nonasthmatic Adults – JAMA Network (free) AND No Benefit for Oral Steroids in Lower Respiratory Tract Infection – Medscape (free registration required) AND Don’t use steroids for chest infections, GPs advised – Pulse (free)

In patients with acute respiratory infection, without evidence of pneumonia or asthma, the addition of corticosteroids did not reduce symptom duration or severity.

 


Guidelines: diagnosis and management of noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis

22 Aug, 2017 | 20:27h | UTC

The Saudi Thoracic Society guidelines for diagnosis and management of noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis – Annals of Thoracic Medicine (free)

 


Guideline: Systemic Therapy for Stage IV Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer

22 Aug, 2017 | 20:25h | UTC

Systemic Therapy for Stage IV Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update (free)

Commentary: ASCO Guideline on Stage IV NSCLC Therapy Updated – ASCO Post (free)

 


Study: “Liquid Biopsy” for Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Using Tumor-Educated Platelets

22 Aug, 2017 | 19:26h | UTC

Swarm Intelligence-Enhanced Detection of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Using Tumor-Educated Platelets – Cancer Cell (free)

Commentary: Liquid Biopsy Reads RNA Collected by Platelets to Diagnose Cancer – Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (free) AND Blood biopsy test reads platelets to detect human lung cancer – Cell Press, via EurekAlert (free)

Related: Analysis of Plasma Epstein–Barr Virus DNA to Screen for Nasopharyngeal Cancer – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text) AND Video – EBV DNA Screening for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (free) AND Can a ‘liquid biopsy’ detect cancer and save lives? – STAT (free) AND Plasma Epstein–Barr virus DNA useful for nasopharyngeal carcinoma screening – 2 Minute Medicine (free)

 

 


Review: Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Lung

22 Aug, 2017 | 14:07h | UTC

Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Well-Differentiated and Intermediate-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Lung – Chest (free)

 


Study: Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapy Among Smokers Hospitalized for Coronary Heart Disease

22 Aug, 2017 | 13:02h | UTC

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapy Among Smokers Hospitalized for Coronary Heart Disease – JAMA Internal Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Smokers hospitalized for heart attacks often don’t get cessation drugs – Reuters (free) AND Smokers Hospitalized for CHD Rarely Receive Cessation Pharmacotherapy During Hospitalization – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology (free)

 


Review: Postoperative pulmonary complications

21 Aug, 2017 | 01:36h | UTC

Postoperative pulmonary complications – British Journal of Anaesthesia (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Topic of The Week

 


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