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Nutrition (all articles)

Nuts and Dried Fruits: An Update of Their Beneficial Effects on Type 2 Diabetes

7 Jul, 2017 | 13:23h | UTC

Review: Nuts and Dried Fruits: An Update of Their Beneficial Effects on Type 2 Diabetes – Nutrients (free)

 


Gut Microbiota as a Target for Preventive and Therapeutic Intervention against Food Allergy

7 Jul, 2017 | 13:24h | UTC

Review: Gut Microbiota as a Target for Preventive and Therapeutic Intervention against Food Allergy – Nutrients (free)

 


The Association between the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern and Cognitive Health

7 Jul, 2017 | 13:25h | UTC

Review: The Association between the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern and Cognitive Health: A Systematic Review – Nutrients (free)

 


Vitamin D levels and deficiency with different occupations

7 Jul, 2017 | 13:15h | UTC

Vitamin D levels and deficiency with different occupations: a systematic review – BMC Public Health (free)

News release: You need to get out more. Occupation could be a major risk factor in vitamin D deficiency (free)

 


Aging and Caloric Restriction Research

3 Jul, 2017 | 18:01h | UTC

Aging and Caloric Restriction Research: A Biological Perspective With Translational Potential – EbioMedicine (free)

 


International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise

3 Jul, 2017 | 18:02h | UTC

International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise – Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition (free)

 


Obesity and microbiota: an example of an intricate relationship

3 Jul, 2017 | 17:59h | UTC

Obesity and microbiota: an example of an intricate relationship – Genes & Nutrition (free)

 


A Longer Life Through Fasting?

2 Jul, 2017 | 21:02h | UTC

Medical News & Perspectives: Can a Diet That Mimics Fasting Turn Back the Clock? – JAMA (free)

“A Longer Life Through Fasting?” (RT @JAMA_current see Tweet)

 


Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection

26 Jun, 2017 | 17:52h | UTC

Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection: A Systematic Review With Meta-Regression Analysis – Gastroenterology (free)

Source: EvidenceAlerts (free resource to find articles of interest)

In this meta-analysis including 19 randomized trials, probiotics given within 2 days of the first antibiotic dose (more effective than if started later) reduced the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by >50% in hospitalized adults. 1 case of CDI would be prevented for every 23−144 patients treated with probiotics when antibiotics are started. “There was no convincing evidence of superior efficacy for any of the tested probiotic formulations, delivery methods (drink or capsule), or probiotic doses”.

 


Adult weight management: guidance for commissioners and providers

26 Jun, 2017 | 15:54h | UTC

Adult weight management: guidance for commissioners and providers – Public Health England (free video and resources)

 


Spotlight on FODMAPs for IBS

25 Jun, 2017 | 16:55h | UTC

Spotlight on FODMAPs – ACP Gastroenterology Monthly (free)

Original article 1: The low FODMAP diet: recent advances in understanding its mechanisms and efficacy in IBS – Gut (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Original article 2: Diet Low in FODMAPs Reduces Symptoms in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Probiotic Restores Bifidobacterium Species: a Randomized Controlled Trial – Gastroenterology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“2 studies look at FODMAPs for irritable bowel” (RT @acpinternist see Tweet)

 


Obesity now kills more people worldwide than car crashes, terror attacks, and Alzheimer’s combined

25 Jun, 2017 | 16:20h | UTC

Obesity now kills more people worldwide than car crashes, terror attacks, and Alzheimer’s combined – VOX (free)

See original study on the Global Burden of Obesity and related commentaries in our June 13th issue (see #1)

“Five takeaways from a giant study on an epidemic governments can’t ignore”.

 


What’s the best way for children to lose weight?

23 Jun, 2017 | 13:46h | UTC

News release: Latest health evidence shows that making changes to diet, physical activity and behaviour may reduce obesity in children and adolescents – Cochrane Library (free)

Review 1: Diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese children from the age of 6 to 11 years (link to summary – $ for full-text)

Review 2: Diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years (link to summary – $ for full-text)

Commentary: What’s the best way for children to lose weight? Here’s what the research says – The Conversation (free)

 


Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents

21 Jun, 2017 | 02:19h | UTC

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement (free)

Editorial 1: Putting the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation for Childhood Obesity Screening in Context (free)

Editorial 2: Practical Considerations for the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations on Obesity in Children and Adolescents (free)

Author interview: USPSTF Recommendation: Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents (free audio)

The JAMA Network – for the media: Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents Recommended (free)

Commentary: USPSTF Recommends Screening For Obesity in Children and Adolescents – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology (free)

“The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight status”

 


Taxing sugary drinks would boost productivity, not just health

21 Jun, 2017 | 02:15h | UTC

Taxing sugary drinks would boost productivity, not just health – The Conversation (free)

Original article: The impact on productivity of a hypothetical tax on sugar-sweetened beverages – Health Policy (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

See more on the potential benefits of sugar taxes in our June 8th issue (see #4) and in our April 20th issue (see #1)

 


Your vitamin D tests and supplements are probably a waste of money

21 Jun, 2017 | 02:08h | UTC

Your vitamin D tests and supplements are probably a waste of money – VOX (free)

Related: Why Are So Many People Popping Vitamin D? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“Screening for vitamin D has exploded — with no good evidence that it helps people.”

 


Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association

19 Jun, 2017 | 13:00h | UTC

Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association (free PDF)

Invited Commentary: Trimming the Fat on Diet Recommendations for a Healthy Heart: Emphasis on Eating Patterns over Dietary Restrictions (free)

Top Ten Things to Know: Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory from the American Heart Association (free PDF)

AHA News: Advisory: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat could lower cardiovascular risks (free)

News release: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat may lower cholesterol as well as drugs in context of a healthy diet (free)

AHA no longer recommends decreasing total fat, but to replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats. “Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat in the diet lowers cardiovascular disease risk as much as cholesterol-lowering statin drugs”

 


Is There an Association Between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and PAD?

16 Jun, 2017 | 01:09h | UTC

Greater Frequency of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Is Associated With Lower Prevalence of Peripheral Artery Disease – Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Is There an Association Between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and PAD? – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology (free)

 


Moderate alcohol consumption as risk factor for adverse brain outcomes and cognitive decline

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:58h | UTC

Moderate alcohol consumption as risk factor for adverse brain outcomes and cognitive decline: longitudinal cohort study – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Alcohol consumption and brain health (free)

Commentaries: Even moderate drinking linked to a decline in brain health, finds study – Oxford’s Department of Psychiatry (free) AND Moderate drinking may alter brain, study says – CNN (free) AND Even moderate drinking may speed brain decline – STAT News (free) AND Even moderate drinking linked to changes in brain structure, study finds – Reuters (free)

 


Reducing cardiovascular disease burden through targeted dietary policies

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:55h | UTC

Reducing US cardiovascular disease burden and disparities through national and targeted dietary policies: A modelling study – PLOS Medicine(free)

Commentaries: Change in USA food policies could prevent 230,000 heart disease deaths by 2030 – Imperial College of London (free) AND U.S. nutrition policies may cut heart disease and save lives – Reuters Health News (free)

Related: Taxes and Subsidies for Improving Diet and Population Health in Australia: A Cost-Effectiveness Modelling Study – PLOS Medicine (free) AND The US had no soda taxes in 2013. Now nearly 9 million Americans live with them – VOX (free)

“Increased discounts on fruit and vegetables, and higher taxes on sugary drinks, could prevent heart disease deaths, says a new study” (from Imperial College of London commentary)

 


Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:48h | UTC

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Eggs Significantly Increase Growth in Young Children – Washington University in St. Louis, via NewsWise (free) AND An egg a day appears to help young children grow taller – BBC Health News (free)

“Surpassing previous research, study finds eggs are more viable nutrition, better intervention for children in developing countries” (from NewsWise)

 


Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes

8 Jun, 2017 | 15:50h | UTC

Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: RCOG statement on gestational weight gain or loss and adverse outcomes – Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists(free) AND Weight gain greater, less than recommended during pregnancy linked with increased risk of adverse outcomes – The JAMA Network Journals, via EurekAlert (free) AND Pregnancy Weight Gain Status Tied to Adverse Outcomes – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Gaining Too Much, Too Little Weight in Pregnancy Tied to Adverse Outcomes for Mother, Baby – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Global study finds 75% of pregnant women don’t have healthy weight gain – The Guardian (free)

 


BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy

7 Jun, 2017 | 15:20h | UTC

BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy – British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (free)

Editorial: Nut allergy guideline (free)

Commentary: First ever single guidance published for investigating and managing nut allergy – EurekAlert (free)

See also related guidelines (U.S.) and commentaries recommending early introduction of peanuts to prevent allergies in our January 6 issue, see #1 and #2.

 


Prebiotic for Overweight or Obesity Children?

7 Jun, 2017 | 15:03h | UTC

Prebiotic Reduces Body Fat and Alters Intestinal Microbiota in Children With Overweight or Obesity (free PDF)

Commentary: Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children – American Gastroenterological Association, via EurekAlert (free)

Small randomized trial (42 patients) suggests prebiotics might be useful for overweight and obese children.

 


Chocolate intake and risk of clinically apparent atrial fibrillation

4 Jun, 2017 | 19:16h | UTC

Chocolate intake and risk of clinically apparent atrial fibrillation: the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Study – Heart (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Weekly dose of chocolate lowers AFib risk? Oh how we wish it were true – HealthNewsReview (free) AND Chocolate Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology (free)

 


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