Summary: The article reports on a study that evaluated patient-reported outcomes of 1,643 participants in the ProtecT trial over a period of 7 to 12 years to assess the long-term functional and quality-of-life impacts of prostatectomy, radiotherapy with neoadjuvant androgen deprivation, and active monitoring for localized prostate cancer detected by PSA screening.
The study found that generic quality-of-life scores were similar among the randomized groups over 7 to 12 years. However, although the prostatectomy group had a lower incidence of nocturia, they showed a higher incidence of urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction compared to the radiotherapy and active monitoring groups. The radiotherapy group had a higher incidence of fecal leakage compared to the other groups.
The study provides evidence that helps patients and their clinicians assess the trade-offs between treatment harms and benefits and make better-informed treatment decisions.