Summary: The legalization of assisted dying (including euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide) remains a controversial issue as more countries consider such laws. A selective literature review was conducted to examine the developments globally, and the experience in Belgium was found to be instructive. Since legalization, the practice of assisted dying has increased gradually, accompanied by a growing acceptance among the public and physicians. Although fears have been largely alleviated, ongoing monitoring and research are necessary to address important concerns. Research in Belgium has not found evidence of harmful effects, but the implementation of assisted dying laws should always consider integration into the healthcare system, physician training, conscientious objection, availability of palliative care, public education, and monitoring systems. To ensure the quality of end-of-life care, it is advisable to set up monitoring and evaluation systems and carry out impartial studies. It is important to have high levels of openness and involvement with healthcare providers and the general public.
(By ChatGPT, reviewed and edited)