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Daily Archives: January 3, 2018

Research: Exposure to Fine Particulate Pollution and Preterm Birth

3 Jan, 2018 | 14:28h | UTC

Association of Long-term Exposure to Airborne Particulate Matter of 1 μm or Less With Preterm Birth in China – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

Commentary: Exposure to fine particulate pollution linked to increase in early births: study – The Sidney Morning Herald (free)

Source: Global Health NOW Newsletter

See related news and commentaries on The Impact of the Environment on Children’s Health and on Air Pollution and Mortality

 


Transfusing blood Close to its use-by date does not increase deaths in critically ill adults

3 Jan, 2018 | 14:23h | UTC

Transfusing blood close to its use-by date does not increase deaths in critically ill adults – NIHR Signal (free)

Original article: Age of Red Cells for Transfusion and Outcomes in Critically Ill Adults – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

 


Research: Endoscopic Treatment versus Shunting for Infant Hydrocephalus

3 Jan, 2018 | 14:24h | UTC

Endoscopic Treatment versus Shunting for Infant Hydrocephalus in Uganda – The New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Two surgical approaches equal in treating infection-caused hydrocephalus – PennState Health News (free) AND Surgery For Saving Babies From ‘Water On The Brain’ Developed in Uganda – NPR Goats and Soda (free)

 


Systematic Review: Calcium Channel Blockers for Raynaud’s Phenomenon

3 Jan, 2018 | 14:21h | UTC

Calcium channel blockers for primary and secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Cochrane Review: Calcium Channel Blocker Efficacy in Raynaud’s – RheumNow (free)

 


Perspective: Evidence-Based Health Policy

3 Jan, 2018 | 14:22h | UTC

Evidence-Based Health Policy – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

 


Research: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics in Children With Acute Respiratory Tract Infections

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:28h | UTC

Association of Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics With Treatment Failure, Adverse Events, and Quality of Life in Children With Acute Respiratory Tract Infections – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Study: For kids with respiratory infections, broader isn’t better – CIDRAP (free) AND Treatment Failure, or is Treatment the Failure? – Emergency Medicine Literature of Note Blog (free)

 


Draft Recommendation Statement: No Screening With Electrocardiography

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:29h | UTC

Draft Recommendation Statement: Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Screening With Electrocardiography – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (free)

Commentaries: USPSTF Examines ECG Screening to Prevent CVD Events, AFib – AAFP (free) AND USPSTF Doesn’t Endorse Routine ECG for Atrial Fibrillation Detection or CVD Prevention – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND USPSTF Releases Draft Recommendations on ECG Screening for CVD, A-fib – TCTMD (free)

 


Scientific Statement: Childhood and Adolescent Adversity and Cardiometabolic Outcomes

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:26h | UTC

Childhood and Adolescent Adversity and Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association – Circulation (free PDF )

News release: Abuse and adversity in childhood linked to more cardiovascular risk in adulthood (free)

Commentaries: Distressing experiences as a kid impact cardiovascular health later in life – AHA News (free) AND Adversity In Childhood and Adolescence Sets Stage for Cardiometabolic Outcomes – AHA Centers for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

 


Debate: Is “Precision Medicine” Ready To Use In Primary Care Practice?

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:25h | UTC

Controversies in Family Medicine: Is “Precision Medicine” Ready To Use In Primary Care Practice?

Yes: It Offers Patients More Individualized Ways of Managing Their Health – American Family Physician (free)

No: It Is Barely Ready for Testing – American Family Physician (free)

 


Research: Cervical Pessary Reduces Preterm Birth in Women With Short Cervical Length

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:24h | UTC

Effect of Cervical Pessary on Spontaneous Preterm Birth in Women With Singleton Pregnancies and Short Cervical Length: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free)

Commentaries: Cervical Pessary Cuts Preterm Birth in Women With Short Cervix – Physician’s Weekly (free) AND Cervical Pessary Reduces Preterm Births in Women with a Short Cervix – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Cervical Pessary May Help Prevent Preterm Birth for Some Women – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 


Research: Suicide Risk Behaviors Among Sexual Minority Adolescents

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:22h | UTC

Suicide Risk Behaviors Among Sexual Minority Adolescents in the United States, 2015 – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: LGBQ teens face serious suicide risk, research finds – CNN (free) AND LGBQ Adolescents at Much Greater Risk of Suicide than Heterosexual Counterparts – MyScience (free) AND Suicide Risk Rife in Sexual Minority Teens – Medscape (free registration required) AND Sexual minority young people are at a higher risk for suicide – San Diego State University, via EurekAlert (free)

 


Research: Joint Pain Following Chikungunya Infection

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:17h | UTC

Frequency of Chronic Joint Pain following Chikungunya Infection: A Colombian Cohort Study – Arthritis & Rheumatology (link to abstract – $ for full-text) AND Related Study: A cross-sectional analysis of chikungunya arthritis patients 22-months post-infection demonstrate no detectable viral persistence in synovial fluid – Arthritis & Rheumatology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Arthritis in Chikungunya Patients Not Due to Persistent Virus – Medscape (free registration required) AND Arthritis Persists After Chikungunya – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Studies provide new insights on mosquito-borne chikungunya virus infection – Willey, via EurekAlert (free)

 


Research: Association of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss With Risk of Cardiocerebrovascular Disease

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:15h | UTC

Association of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss With Risk of Cardiocerebrovascular Disease: A Study Using Data From the Korea National Health Insurance Service (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Sudden Deafness May Flag CVD Risk – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 


ECG Pointers: AV Blocks

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:16h | UTC

ECG Pointers: AV Blocks – Part I – emDocs (free) AND ECG Pointers: AV blocks – Part II – emDocs (free)

 


Research: Communication About the Probability of Cancer in Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:15h | UTC

Communication About the Probability of Cancer in Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules – JAMA Surgery (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Cancer probability documentation lacking for some at high risk – MedicalXpress (free) AND Which Lung Nodules Are Cancer? Risk Tools May Help – Medscape (free registration required)

 


Meta-Analysis: Effectiveness of Pharmacist-Led Medication Reconciliation After Hospital Discharge

3 Jan, 2018 | 13:14h | UTC

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of pharmacist-led medication reconciliation in the community after hospital discharge – BMJ Quality & Safety (free)

Source: Hospital Medicine Virtual Journal Club

 


Wed, January 3 – 10 Stories of The Day!

3 Jan, 2018 | 00:03h | UTC

 

1 – Association Between Calcium or Vitamin D Supplementation and Fracture Incidence in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Calcium and vitamin D supplements not associated with lower risk of fractures – OnMedica (free) AND Do Vitamin D, Calcium Supplements Cut Fracture Risk in Older Patients? – MPR (free) AND Vitamin D and Calcium Don’t Prevent Bone Fractures – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) AND Calcium And Vitamin D Supplements Still Do Not Prevent Fractures – American Council on Science and Health (free)

 

2 – The use of probiotics to prevent Clostridium difficile diarrhea associated with antibiotic use – Cochrane Library (free)

See related meta-analysis: Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection (free)

“Based on this systematic review and meta-analysis of 31 randomized controlled trials including 8672 patients, moderate certainty evidence suggests that probiotics are effective for preventing C. difficile-associated diarrhea”

 

3 – Mandrola’s Top 10 Cardiology Stories of 2017 – Medscape (free registration required)

 

4 – Top nephrology-related stories of 2017 – NephJC (free)

 

5 – Regional Variation of Computed Tomographic Imaging in the United States and the Risk of Nephrectomy – JAMA Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Editorial: Use of Advanced Imaging Tests and the Not-So-Incidental Harms of Incidental Findings (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Trunk Imaging Tied to Higher Nephrectomy Risk – MedPage Today (free registration required)

“The remarkable number of unnecessary CT scans and their downstream risk from incidental findings” (via @EricTopol see Tweet)

 

6 – Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review – The BMJ Open (free) (via @brooke_nickel)

 

7 – Prevalence of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Surgeons and Interventionalists: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Surgery (free)

Author Interview: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Surgeons and Interventionalists (free)

Commentary: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injury Common in Surgeons, Interventionalists – Medscape (free registration required)

 

8 – Richard Lehman’s journal review, 2 January 2018 – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Richard Lehman reviews the latest research in the top medical journals.

 

9 – Infographic: Date Night with the EHR – NEJM Catalyst (free)

Related Guideline: Putting Patients First by Reducing Administrative Tasks in Health Care: A Position Paper of the American College of Physicians (free)

Related Commentary: Why Physician Burnout Is Endemic, and How Health Care Must Respond – NEJM Catalyst (free)

 

10 – Comparative Effectiveness of Implementation Strategies for Blood Pressure Control in Hypertensive Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Meta-Analysis: It Takes a Team to Optimize Hypertension Tx – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Blood pressure control best achieved with a multilevel, multicomponent approach – American College of Physicians, via EurekAlert (free)

 


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